Bavarian International School (BIS)

Bavarian International School einst und jezt

 
A short section devoted to my school- the Bavarian International School at schloss Haimhausen in kreis Dachau
 
  In the district of Unterschleißheim is Lohhof, the nearest station to the Bavarian International School in Haimhausen where I work. The population of Unterschleißheim itself exploded between 1933 when it had 753 inhabitants to 1939 with 1,737 inhabitants when the Nazis focused on housing construction in Lohhof. In 1937 a forced labour camp was set up in Lohhof near the train station to extract flax for the textile industry, called "flax roasting", in which hundreds of French and Polish women were used for forced labour. From 1941, Jewish women were also deployed, whilst at the same time deportations began from the Lohhof flax roastery until the camp was closed in 1942.
Bavarian International School during the war Haimhausen 1945
Behind the .50-calibre Machine Gunner on the Squad Halftrack from a series of photos by Sergeant C.O. Witt (HQ Platoon, B CO., 65th AIB) showing the American 20th Armoured Division leaving Haimhausen travelling towards Lohhof on April 29, 1945. By this time at least two thousand members of the Waffen-ϟϟ and a last contingent of adolescent flak helpers and older men from the Volkssturm had gathered for the defence of Munich. A bloodbath awaited them all. First, several American tanks were destroyed. Flight support was denied to the units due to fresh snow and fog. Only by around 9.30 did infantrymen from the Rainbow Division, an elite unit, come to the rescue from Schleissheim airfield. Bulldozers simply rolled over the trenches, with numerous German defenders buried. The nearby barracks continued to fight hand to hand until 15.00. Besides Lohhof, the ϟϟ also resisted in Feldmoching, Freimann and Schleißheim. In Planegg, fanatical soldiers of the ϟϟ fought fiercely after the occupation. During the "Battle of Lohhof" about an hundred were killed, forty of whom were Americans. Lohhof einst jetztOn the left is the site of the assault then and now. Lohhof's subsequent growth after the war can be seen here in the GIF showing the site on November 1, 1943 and today. Everything looked peaceful from the Maisteig on what is now the B 13 as white flags fluttered in Lohhof. However, units of an ϟϟ army corps had taken up positions in Lohhof at night, hiding in the bushes on the railway embankment, in houses in Hollern and in the flax roast in Unterschleissheim. When the Americans advanced, the German soldiers first let two tanks pass, then opened fire on the crew trucks behind them. The tanks were almost on Kreuzstrasse before they were forced to react leading to a bitter struggle. The tanks fired and the American soldiers crawled up to the occupied houses, threw petrol cans into them and fired on them to set them on fire. Lohhof 1945The flax roast also burned and the guesthouse beside the station ended up being badly damaged by shelling. Whilst nearly on the German defenders were killed, on the American side seven have been named, including the commander and his driver along with forty dead and wounded. Apparently if the artillery had not won the fight, aircraft would have been called to bomb Unterschleissheim. As it is, the fighting had continued into the early evening. The part of the air base crew stationed in Unterschleissheim had surrendered without a fight and were collected in the school yard for transport. The Americans then searched the houses because they feared more ambushes. Three young ϟϟ soldiers had fled and were hiding in the straw with a farmer. The Americans stabbed the haystacks with pitchforks but didn't find the three who were eventually rescued from the straw four days after the Americans left - almost starved and thirsty.
Much of the information and images for the Battle for Lohhof come from Rich Mintz and his remarkable Facebook group 20th Armoured Division in World War II. The image on the left relates to colonel Newton W. Jones, Commander of Combat Command B (CC-B), who was the first casualty in the ambush in Lohhof, killed by a sniper as he led his troops whilst standing in his Jeep. The photograph and caption is from 1st Lieutenant Felix E. Mock, commander, 3rd Platoon, B CO, 65th AIB. That on the right is of 1st Lieutenant Samuel F. Barnes of 2nd Platoon, B CO, 65th AIB (Task Force 20), who too was killed in action in a German ambush April 29, 1945. The letter is the death notification to Mrs. Barnes from B CO. Commander, CPT George Jared, 65th AIB.
Brauerei Gasthaus Lohhof kriegThe Brauerei Gasthaus Lohhof today (where the wife and I first stayed when we moved to Germany from China) and as it appeared April 29, 1945 with the Americans after the battle for the town. On the right is how it appeared three years later. Here the Americans celebrated their victoryand "decimated the beer stores", as Christoph says. The group advanced to Munich meeting resistance, in Hochbrück, in Neuherberg. Fighting raged on the tank meadow and around the ϟϟ barracks in Freimann, the Americans lost  tanks there alone, 70 of their soldiers died, and several were wounded. On the afternoon of April 30, the day Hitler committed suicide, resistance in the barracks was broken. Munich was occupied from May 1. The Nazis were then picked up by the Americans in Unterschleissheim, Pötsch reports and then taken to a camp in Moosburg.
Brauerei Gasthaus Lohhof kriegLohhof was the site of a flax processing plant owned by the Lohhof Flax Processing Company (Flachsröste Lohhof GmbH.) which was, in effect, a forced labour camp. Located on what is now (possibly appropriately) Siemensstraße, today it is the site of the refugee centre to which my students at Bavarian International School visit as part of their service commitments. Administratively, it was a satellite camp of Dachau. The location was chosen due to its proximity to Munich and to the local train station. The camp premises consisted of residential barracks, barns, retting pits and an initial processing plant. The municipal Aryanisation Department (Arisierungs-Dienststelle) of Munich instigated and supervised the forced employment of three hundred Jews at the camp. Among these, 110 were women and they worked at the plant; 68 of them were sent from Lodz, and other women had to arrive each day from Munich, primarily from the assembly site at the Berg am Laim monastery, and return at night using trains and streetcars. Lohhof also served as an assembly site where Jews from Munich were assembled prior to their deportation. Additionally, during the war, over an hundred foreign workers from Belgium, the Netherlands, France, Russia, Poland and the Ukraine were employed at the plant. When the mass deportations of German Jews began in November 1941, the Jewish workers were sent away from Lohhof to the Milbertshofen camp, and from there they were deported to Kaunas, Piaski, Theresienstadt, and Auschwitz. The last Jewish women who worked at the camp were transferred on October 23, 1942, and were in all likelihood deported to Auschwitz on May 18, 1943. During the last few weeks of the war, the plant was damaged; afterwards, it was rebuilt. Of the 300 Jews who worked at Lohhof, only thirty survived the war.
Max Strnad has researched the camps for Jews in Munich in some detail. A special case there was the Lohhof Jewish Labour Detachment (Jüdisches Arbeitskommando). The Lohhof camp was established in June 1941 on the orders of the Munich Aryanization Authority (Arisierungsstelle), a radical antisemitic office of the Munich/Upper Bavarian Regional Headquarters (Gauleitung) of the Nazi Party. This was the third residential and work camp for Jews established in Munich, after the Milbertshofen "Jewish Settlement" (Judensiedlung) and the Berg am Laim "Home Facility" (Heimanlage). The Aryanization Authority set up this camp system in 1941, as a multipurpose instrument of terror against the Jewish population. The camps served, apart from their central function of forced labor, to remove Jews from rental accommodation and put them into separate Jewish residences, for better supervision and also to assemble them ready for deportation. In Lohhof, mainly Jewish women between fourteen and forty-five years old were deployed there in June 1941, but later much older Jewish women and men were included. Until the fall of 1942, about 250 Jews were employed there altogether. The Jewish work force numbered on average about 110 people. Some seventy women were accommodated in barracks on the factory grounds, while the remainder had to travel daily from Munich. After Gauleiter Adolf Wagner's decree forbidding the use of trams by Jews in September 1941, the daily trip to Unterschleissheim became an exhausting journey lasting several hours. On November 20, 1941, sixty-three people, comprising more than half of the Jewish forced labourers, were deported to Kaunas in Lithuania. In the middle of December 1941, the Lohhof Flachsröste (flax factory) was sent sixty-eight young Jewish women, who had been working on other flax-roasting farms in Bavaria for several months, but who all originally came from the Łódź (Litzmannstadt) ghetto. These Polish Jewish women remained in Lohhof until the fall of 1942, when they were transferred to Augsburg, where they stayed as a group in another camp, before being deported to Auschwitz in 1943.
 Simone Gigliotti, Hilary Earl (268) A Companion to the Holocaust
schloss Haimhausen Bavarian International School

Schloss Haimhausen in a turn of the century postcard and today
schloss Haimhausen Bavarian International SchoolSchloss Haimhausen's story begins in the mediæval period, with its first documented mention in 1281 when it was listed as a castle (castrum) in a gazetteer of Upper Bavaria. This initial structure, likely a fortified building, was emblematic of the era's architectural style, designed for defence in a period marked by local conflicts and power struggles. The early history of Schloss Haimhausen is reflective of the broader feudal structures prevalent in Bavaria during this time. The impact of the Thirty Years' War on Schloss Haimhausen and the surrounding region was profound. This period, one of the most devastating in European history, saw widespread destruction and upheaval. The original structure of Schloss Haimhausen didn't survive the war and was left in ruins and the war's effect on the region's architecture and society was significant, leading to a period of rebuilding and transformation across Bavaria.
schloss Haimhausen Bavarian International School
In 1660, a pivotal moment in the history of Schloss Haimhausen occurred. Andreas Wolff, a notable figure of the time, undertook the reconstruction of the Schloss, choosing to rebuild it as an ornate Baroque structure. This decision marked a significant departure from the original medieval fortress, reflecting the changing architectural and cultural trends of the era. Wolff's reconstruction of Schloss Haimhausen is indicative of the broader shift in European architecture towards the Baroque style, characterized by grandeur, drama, and richness in design.  The work of François Cuvilliés the Elder in 1747 further transformed Schloss Haimhausen. Cuvilliés, renowned for his contributions to Bavarian Rococo architecture, expanded the villa, adding seven bays on each side and two wings. His work on Schloss Haimhausen is particularly notable for its high roof, typical of the region, a feature that has remained unchanged to this day. Cuvilliés' influence extended beyond Haimhausen, with his notable works including the Munich Residenz and the Amalienburg in the grounds of Schloss Nymphenburg.
schloss Haimhausen Bavarian International SchoolThe ceiling murals in both the Golden Room and the Chapel, executed by Johann Bergmüller in 1750, are another significant aspect of the Schloss's architectural evolution. Bergmüller, a famous Augsburg artist, brought a unique artistic flair to the Schloss, his work reflecting the rich artistic traditions of the period.  The architectural evolution of Schloss Haimhausen, from its initial construction in the medieval period to its Baroque and Rococo transformations, mirrors the broader historical and cultural shifts in Bavaria and Germany. Each phase of its development reflects the changing tastes, requirements, and artistic trends of the times, as well as the shifting social, political, and cultural landscapes.
In 1747 and ensuing years, Francois Cuvillies the Elder enlarged the villa by seven bays on each side and added two wings.
schloss Haimhausen Bavarian International School
The external form of the house, with the high roof typical of the region, has remained unchanged to this day. Cuvilliés was also responsible for such famous buildings as the Munich Residenz, the Residenz Theatre, the manor Amalienburg in the grounds of Schloss Nymphenburg, and rooms in Schloss Brühl, near Bonn. The ceiling murals in both the Golden Room and the Chapel were executed by the famous Augsburg artist, Johann Bergmüller in 1750. 
Schloss Haimhausen's origins can be traced back to the medieval period, a time marked by feudal structures and the burgeoning influence of noble families in Bavaria. The initial structure was likely a fortified building, designed for defence in a period characterised by local conflicts and power struggles. This early phase of the Schloss's history is indicative of the broader architectural trends in medieval Bavaria, where fortifications were crucial for survival and power assertion. As the region transitioned into the Renaissance in the 16th century, Schloss Haimhausen underwent significant transformations. This period was marked by a shift from defensive architecture to more residential and representational buildings.
schloss Haimhausen Bavarian International SchoolThe noble family of Haimhausen, who owned the Schloss at this time, initiated extensive renovations and expansions. These changes included the addition of ornamental gardens and the enhancement of living quarters, reflecting the Renaissance's emphasis on aesthetics, humanism, and the rediscovery of classical antiquity. The impact of the Thirty Years' War on Schloss Haimhausen and the surrounding region was profound. During this tumultuous period, many structures, including manor houses and castles, were damaged or destroyed. However, Schloss Haimhausen not only survived but also underwent further modifications in the post-war period. This resilience and adaptation are emblematic of the broader historical narrative of Bavaria during the Thirty Years' War, where despite immense destruction, there was a concerted effort towards rebuilding and restoration. In the 18th century, the Schloss witnessed another significant phase of transformation under the influence of Baroque and Rococo styles. This era, known for its ornate and elaborate artistic expressions, saw the Schloss's façade being redesigned and the interiors richly decorated. The grand staircase and the main hall, adorned with frescoes and intricate stucco work, were products of this period. These architectural elements are not just decorative but also symbolic of the era's artistic and cultural ethos, characterized by grandeur, opulence, and a strong emphasis on visual appeal.  The architectural evolution of Schloss Haimhausen is a reflection of the broader historical and cultural shifts in Bavaria and Germany. Each phase of its development, from a medieval fortress to a Renaissance château and later to a Baroque and Rococo masterpiece, mirrors the changing tastes, requirements, and artistic trends of the times. This evolution is not merely a matter of aesthetic change but also indicative of the shifting social, political, and cultural landscapes.
Haimhausen dreijahrskrieg wallenstein
Haimhausen schloss became the property of the family Butler v. Clonebough, after having been awarded to the Irish officer Walther Butler (known as the "Wallenstein murderer") in thanks for his fulfilling a contract to deliver Wallenstein "dead or alive" on February 25, 1634. Friedrich Schiller immortalised Wallenstein in the dramatic trilogy that bears his name (completed in 1799).  He did not enjoy his success for long, passing away in 1635 after being wounded. The schloss was rebuilt in 1660 after a fire in the Thirty Years' War and has been expanded ever since. Under Reichsgraf Karl Ferdinand Maria von und zu Haimhausen, from 1743 to 1749 a major renovation was carried out by François de Cuvilliés the Elder. Since then, the late baroque chapel Salvator Mundi with stucco work and altars by the Flemish artist Egid Verhelst and his sons and the ceiling painting by Johann Georg Bergmüller, which was made in 1750, has been a special gem within the castle.
Theobald Butler von Clonebough Haimhausen
The property was then passed from generation up until Theobald, who had a close relationship to Count Stauffenberg. Theobald, the last heir to the
Butler von Clonebough line, was born in Shanghai on July 15, 1899. His father Arthur died when Theobald was not yet five years old. He was sent to Munich, he became a lieutenant in 1918 and studied mechanical engineering, where he also did his doctorate. In 1937 he married Irene Rosewsky in Riga with whom he had four children, one of whom died in 1941. The family lived in Neubrandenburg, north of Berlin. During the Second World War, Theobald had an important position in the armaments industry and by 1943 he lived alone in Kempten in the Allgäu. As early as 1944, he is said to have repeatedly urged his wife to move away from Neubrandenburg to join him in Kempten which was not allowed by the local Nazi district leader. In March 1945 Theobald left Kempten by car in an attempt to save his wife and children from the approaching Soviet troops. In the end he is said to have poisoned his wife and three children on April 29, 1945, then set the house on fire before shooting himself. So ended the line of the Counts of v. Clonebough gen. Haimhausen on April 29, 1945.
In front of BIS's Golden Room Bavarian International School schloss Haimhausen munich golden room
Bavarian International School schloss Haimhausen munich during the war  
In front of the Golden Room and inside today. This banqueting hall, with its ceiling painting of The Four Seasons by Bergmuller (dated 1750) and its two rare Nymphenburger porcelain stoves, forms the visual climax of the state apartments of schloss Haimhausen.
 
Haimhausen war memorialbavarian international school Haimhausen war memorial 
 The war memorial on the high street is flanked by two flag poles, neither of which can hoist any flag under which those commemorated died for. Further down the high street on the right is the memorial to both world wars.
Bavarian International School schloss Haimhausen munich Bavarian International School at schloss Haimhausen chapel munich bis
Showing the balcony erected in front of the chapel for owner Haniel's wife who had suffered an accident shown in 1939
 Bavarian International School schloss Haimhausen munich chapel 
Bavarian International School's chapel then and now. It owes its splendour to its ceiling painting, again by Bergmuller- the Salvator Mundi, dated 1750- as well as the delicate Rococo stucco work by Verhelst. The chapel is located in the south wing and is remarkably spacious for its purpose. In shape it is a simple, flat-roofed rectangular hall, but the chapel only derives its effect from its rich furnishings. The construction and furnishings date from the time of Cuvilliés' castle expansion from 1747. The central parts of the furnishings - altar structures, pulpit, confessionals, stucco - were created by the Verhelsts. The builder Karl Joseph Maria Reichsgraf von und zu Haimhausen is commemorated by his epitaph on the southern inner wall of the chapel; the inscription praises the integrity of the deceased and his good Christian care towards his subjects. The chapel bears the patronage of St. Salvator, which was taken over from several previous chapels in the old palace complex that were attested one after the other. The ceiling fresco and the high altar refer to this, the excerpt of which shows sculptural representations of Christ carrying the cross and the Arma Christi and in the centre of which is an older Christ with the flag, created around 1680-1690. Both side altars have altarpieces by Johann Georg Bergmüller, which he probably painted in the winter of 1748-49. The picture on the left altar has the signature “JGB 1749” at the bottom left. The themes of both images refer to church festivals that were modern at the time with the festival of the Marriage of Mary introduced in 1725 and John of Nepomuk, canonised in 1729. However, according to one source, Bergmüller's numerous altarpieces are inferior in artistic value to his frescoes. They contain a variety of borrowings from the type treasure of the time; as compositions they are usually cleverly arranged, but they are not convincing as a creative idea. The skillful and safe treatment of the human body suggests a thorough study of anatomy. His work as a fresco painter developed more freely and effectively. Without being one of the pioneering talents, his talent and solid skills provided him with a wealth of important commissions, including, above all, the churches in Dießen, Ochsenhause and Steingaden.
Bavarian International School at schloss Haimhausen chapel munich Salvator Mundi Bavarian International School at schloss Haimhausen chapel munich Bavarian International School at schloss Haimhausen chapel munich
Directly above is this fascinating representation of the return of Christ on the throne 0f the Trinity; the largest Salvator Mundi of its kind in which God holds the Flaming Sword of Judgement and has the left hand on the empty seat to his right whilst in the centre a kneeling Christ with the cross rises over a world in flames, depicting the four continents known at that time. But what makes this painting remarkable is the representation of the Holy Spirit in human form. This is expressly forbidden by the Catholic Church, as Pope Benedict XIV declared in October 1745 just before this painting was created, and and today is only permitted in the form of a dove. As a Catholic colleague remarked upon entering, "God is not present," noting the lack of a sanctuary lamp.
On the right is a close-up during the 650,000 euro renovation of the chapel completed in 2010. An interesting touch on the ceiling is the expulsion from Paradise on the right, showing Adam and Eve being followed by a dog and snake hopping along, and at the other end above the altar Christ on the Mount of Olives, with the snake making a reappearance with apple in mouth.
The Bavarian State Library in Munich on Ludwigstrasse, shown after the wartime bombing and today. A beacon of cultural and historical preservation, the library faced a daunting challenge with the onset of the Second World War. Before the war, the Bavarian State Library, established in 1558, was renowned for its extensive collection of manuscripts, rare books, and scholarly works. It held manuscripts from the Carolingian era, first editions from the Renaissance, and documents pivotal to European intellectual history. With the growing threat of war in the late 1930s, the library's director, Dr. Gustav Hofmann, foresaw the potential destruction of these irreplaceable treasures. Under his guidance, the library undertook a comprehensive cataloging and prioritisation process. This meticulous effort aimed to identify items of irreplaceable value and historical significance. Manuscripts, incunabula, and rare books were earmarked for relocation, a task demanding discretion and urgency. The relocation strategy involved selecting both local and distant sites for storage. By the time of the 1944 bombing, the library's collection was distributed throughout 28 sites in Oberbayern. Schloss Haimhausen was chosen for its strategic location, offering relative safety from the anticipated aerial bombardments targeting major cities.
Haimhauser Schlosskapelle Bavarian International School kriegThe photos here date from 1949 and show the thousands of books from the Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek that were stored for safety in the Haimhauser Schlosskapelle in today's Bavarian International School. The transportation of the library's treasures to Schloss Haimhausen was executed with utmost secrecy. Items were moved under the cover of darkness in unmarked vehicles. This operation was governed by a directive issued by Dr. Hofmann in early 1940, which outlined the procedures for the safe transport and storage of the library's most valuable items. The directive emphasised the need for speed and secrecy, acknowledging the advancing threat of aerial raids on Munich.
The logistical challenges of moving and storing the library's collection were immense. Dr. Hofmann and his team had to ensure the safety of items that were not only physically delicate but also of immense historical value. The transportation process was fraught with risks, including potential damage from handling, environmental factors, and the ever-present threat of discovery by enemy forces.
In addition to the physical transportation, Dr. Hofmann had to navigate the complex political landscape of the time. He was acutely aware of the Nazi regime's interest in cultural artifacts, especially those of significant historical and ideological value. This added a layer of complexity to the operation, as he had to balance the need for secrecy with the demands and scrutiny of the regime.

Haimhauser Schlosskapelle Bavarian International School kriegThe choice of Schloss Haimhausen as a storage site was strategic. Its location away from major urban centres reduced the risk of damage from air raids. Moreover, the structure of the Schloss, with its spacious rooms and stable environmental conditions, provided an ideal setting for the preservation of delicate manuscripts and books. Upon the successful transportation of the items to Schloss Haimhausen, the next challenge was their preservation and protection in situ. Hofmann implemented strict protocols for the handling and storage of the items. These protocols were designed to mitigate the risks of environmental damage, such as humidity and temperature fluctuations, which could be detrimental to the fragile manuscripts and books. The staff at Schloss Haimhausen, under the guidance of Hofmann, maintained meticulous records of the items stored, their condition, and their exact location within the Schloss. This level of detail was crucial not only for the immediate preservation of the collection but also for its eventual return to the library post-war.
The war years brought unprecedented challenges to Schloss Haimhausen, transforming it from a mere repository into a bastion safeguarding Bavaria's cultural heritage. The Nazi regime's policies towards cultural artifacts, especially those of significant historical and ideological value, posed a constant threat. Dr. Hofmann and his team had to navigate these treacherous waters, balancing the preservation of the library's collection with the regime's increasing interference.  The Nazi regime was engaged in a systematic campaign to appropriate cultural artifacts for ideological propaganda or personal gain. Haimhauser Schlosskapelle Bavarian International SchoolThis put the collection at Schloss Haimhausen at risk of confiscation or destruction. Dr. Hofmann, therefore, had to employ a combination of diplomatic tact and subterfuge to keep the collection safe.  One strategy employed by Dr. Hofmann was to obscure the true value of the collection. He would often downplay the significance of certain items or mislabel them to avoid attracting attention from the regime's officials. This tactic was risky but necessary to ensure the safety of the collection.
In the latter years of the war, Schloss Haimhausen faced its most severe challenges. The advancing Allied forces, particularly the American troops, posed a new set of risks to the collection. The Schloss, like many other historic sites in Germany, was at risk of being caught in the crossfire or being requisitioned by the occupying forces.
Dr. Hofmann's foresight in the early years of the war proved invaluable during this period. He had established a network of contacts within the local community and among various military personnel, which he leveraged to negotiate the Schloss's safety. His diplomatic skills were crucial in ensuring that the Schloss was not used as a military base or subjected to unnecessary destruction.
Haimhauser Schlosskapelle Bavarian International SchoolMoreover, the staff at Schloss Haimhausen played a pivotal role in liaising with the American troops. They provided crucial information about the cultural and historical significance of the Schloss and its contents, persuading the troops to spare it from harm. This interaction highlighted the importance of cultural diplomacy during times of conflict.
Post-war, Schloss Haimhausen emerged as a symbol of cultural resilience. The successful preservation of its collection was a significant achievement, given the widespread destruction of cultural heritage sites across Europe. The Schloss's role in safeguarding the Bavarian State Library's collection was not just a testament to the ingenuity and dedication of Dr. Hofmann and his team but also a reflection of the broader efforts to protect cultural heritage during wartime.
As the war intensified, Schloss Haimhausen's role in safeguarding the Bavarian State Library's treasures became increasingly perilous. The year 1943 marked a turning point; the relentless Allied bombing campaigns were inching closer to the region. The Schloss's custodians, led by Dr. Hofmann, were acutely aware of the impending danger. They undertook meticulous measures to fortify the Schloss against potential air raids and ground assaults. Sandbags were strategically placed around the most vulnerable parts of the building, and fire-fighting equipment was kept at the ready. In addition to physical preparations, Dr. Hofmann initiated a series of discreet negotiations with local military commanders. Haimhauser Schlosskapelle Bavarian International SchoolHis objective was to secure a tacit understanding that Schloss Haimhausen would be spared from deliberate targeting. These discussions were fraught with risk, as they had to be conducted without arousing suspicion from the Nazi authorities, who were increasingly paranoid about any form of collaboration with the enemy.
The arrival of American forces in the region in 1945 brought a new set of challenges. Dr. Hofmann, aware of the potential for looting or inadvertent damage by occupying forces, sought to engage directly with the American military leadership. He provided detailed briefings on the cultural and historical significance of the Schloss and its contents. His efforts were instrumental in ensuring that the Schloss was treated with respect by the occupying forces.
Furthermore, the American officers stationed in the area, recognising the importance of the Schloss, appointed a small detachment to guard the premises. This move was unprecedented and highlighted the growing awareness among the Allied forces of the need to protect cultural heritage during conflict.
The immediate aftermath of the war presented a complex set of challenges for Schloss Haimhausen. The post-war period saw Schloss Haimhausen transitioning back to a more traditional role. However, the legacy of its wartime activities continued to influence its operations. The strategies developed for protecting and preserving the collection during the war years informed future conservation efforts, setting a precedent for cultural preservation in times of crisis. The region, like much of Germany, was in a state of disarray. The Schloss, having survived the war relatively unscathed, found itself in a unique position. It was no longer just a repository for cultural treasures; it had become a symbol of resilience and continuity amidst the ruins of war. 
Haimhauser Schlosskapelle Bavarian International School
Moving the books postwar back to the
Staatsbibliothek on Ludwigstraße showing the necessity for having relocated its collection with me at the site today. Between 1949 and 1975 the Schloss was used by the Bavarian Legal Aid School and later the Munich Police Academy. Between 1976 and 1986 the International Antiques Salon occupied all rooms with its period exhibits.
In the years following the war, Schloss Haimhausen underwent a period of transformation. The Bavarian government, recognising the Schloss's significance, initiated a series of restoration and preservation projects. These efforts were not merely about repairing physical damage; they were aimed at revitalising the cultural and historical essence of the Schloss. One of the key figures in this era was Dr. Friedrich Wilhelm, a historian and conservationist. Wilhelm played a pivotal role in the restoration efforts. He advocated for a restoration approach that respected the historical integrity of the Schloss, arguing against modernisation that would erase the historical character of the building.
Under Wilhelm's guidance, the restoration work at Schloss Haimhausen was meticulous. Original materials and techniques were used wherever possible, and artisans skilled in traditional methods were employed. This approach ensured that the Schloss not only regained its former glory but also retained its historical authenticity.
schloss haimhausen einst jezt krieg
The schloss durng the war and today
In the decades that followed, Schloss Haimhausen continued to evolve, adapting to the changing needs and circumstances of the times. 
By the 1970s, the Schloss had become a venue for cultural events and exhibitions, hosting a range of activities from art shows to historical exhibitions. These events were not only popular with the local community but also attracted visitors from across Bavaria and beyond, helping to establish Schloss Haimhausen as a significant cultural landmark.  The 1980s and 1990s saw further changes at Schloss Haimhausen. The Bavarian government, recognising the Schloss's potential as an educational centre, initiated a project to convert part of the building into a school. This decision was met with some controversy, as there were concerns about the impact of such a conversion on the historical integrity of the Schloss. However, careful planning and a commitment to preserving the Schloss's character ensured that the conversion was successful, blending the old with the new in a way that respected the building's heritage.
Bavarian International School logo
  
The role the schloss played in preserving our shared past and passing it on to future generations free from war and violence makes Bavarian International School's logo particularly resonant. In 1944 the Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek was bombed along with most of Munich’s centre. Fortunately, just before, it had distributed its collection of books to 28 different sites around Oberbayern. One of those sites was our Schloss chapel used today in the service of our students.  I always felt it rather touching to think that the logo was a representation of this- that something vital and profound was preserved for future generations even after this country’s darkest period when none knew what would be left at null stunde when there was nothing left to believe in. And there it is- our Schloss, like Pandora’s box in stone, from which a single book is presented in hope and expectation to inspire success.  What a lovely prou d logo that was- it couldn’t have been designed for any other school on earth. Sadly, it was decided to replace it, at considerable expense, with the kind of thoughtless logo that any Grade 6 child could have designed in a single lesson shown. The outcry was great enough that the old logo returned, albeit with the Mussoliniesque motto "Believe, Inspire, Succeed" attached to it only for it to be replaced yet again in 2021 with the infantile 'B' on the right which could represent anything.
At the start of the 2019 school year I received the following remarkable email from Mr. Tim Gillespie of Oregon whose father had been stationed at our schloss after the war before being in charge of American forces in the Dachau camp, guarding ϟϟ prisoners before the upcoming war crimes trials, charged with guarding the books from the state library that were being protected from wartime bombing here in our school's chapel: 
Claud Schmidt GillespieIn going through some long stored-away boxes of my parents after they passed away, I recently found some photographs of Schloss Heimhausen [sic].
My father, Claud Schmidt Gillespie (whose mother's family were Schmidts who emigrated from Germany to the United States in the late 1800s), was in the U.S. Army during World War II. After the war was over, he was in charge of a company of U.S. soldiers that was stationed there. In the box of photographs I found this note, hand-written by my father: "Schloss Heimhausen is in Germany--not too far from Munich--where I lived for awhile (with my rifle company) in 1945 after the war was over. Our mission was to protect hundreds of books stored in the schloss by the Germans to protect them, most from libraries in Munich. (We also kept an eye on the German civilians, especially the teenagers.)" Bavarian International School schloss Haimhausen munich during the warI should also tell you that during that time my father was also put in charge of the U.S. Army's command of the Dachau concentration camp. After its survivors were liberated and taken away by the Red Cross, the Dachau camp was used as a temporary prison for ϟϟ officers--many thousands of them--being tried in the postwar trials. My father was in charge of running the camp and guarding the ϟϟ prisoners. He came home in 1946. Needless to say, he had very powerful memories of his time in Germany during the war and after the war. In any case, in the box were over 40 photos (most less than a foot or 30 centimeters in length) of various indoor and outdoor scenes from Schloss Heimhausen. [sic] These were not war photos but appear to be formal photographs showing the Schloss in its glory days before the war, with ornate furniture and decorations---and no people shown at all. Though none of them are dated or labelled, they are quite remarkable and in pretty good condition. 
In thinking of what to do with these old photos from 1945, I did not want to simply throw them away, so I did some research on Schloss Haimhausen and happily discovered that your school is now using the site. These were clearly photos that my father took to remind him of his time there, but he is long gone. The most appropriate place for them is to be returned to the site itself, I think. If you are interested, I would be very happy if you would like to become the custodians of these historic photos. 
 A selection of extracts from his father's letters home relating to the schloss with assorted GIFs I made from the photographs he kindly donated to the school: 

Sunday 30 Sept 1945
Bavarian International School schloss Haimhausen munich before the warDearest Phyl:
            Our new home, the Castle, is really beginning to look better. Friday I told the boys to fix up the ballroom for our “Day Room” where the boys can read + write. So the Sgt in charge put a Polish GI on the job. Now this boy is one of those who looks + talks like a rather rough character but he must have the soul of an interior decorator because it’s the fanciest job I’ve ever seen. He took the rugs off all the stairways + completely covered the floor. Then he found furniture - beautiful chairs, settees + tables + little desks - all of which go beautifully with the way the ballroom is decorated - and arranged them so it looks as grand as anything I ever saw…It always amazes me the hidden talents that all men have if you happen to give them a chance to show such talent…
            You’d go nuts if you could see the things still left in the castle - even after it seems that it has been looted. It’s unbelievable how grand the place must have been. All the walls in the main room are covered with very luscious cloth instead of paper or paint. And the drapes are still hanging in many windows and though I know nothing of cloth etc it’s not hard to see they’re almost priceless. And there are still about 20 paintings - all huge and most of them dated in the 1700s. 
Bavarian International School schloss Haimhausen munich before the warSome rooms have murals on the walls - the ballrooms has one huge painting covering almost the entire ceiling. And there are dozens of small, medium, + huge tables + cabinets - hand carved, inlaid with mosaic, marble topped + very finely polished. Joe Schroeder [a fellow officer and close friend] and I were looking around today + found large supplies of fancy china, glassware (gold rimmed) and vases ’n stuff. I found us 5 fancy metal “swizzle sticks” to mix our drinks. Much of the stuff is too fancy to suit me but if it were possible to send you stuff we could furnish about half our house without any trouble. I get socialistic ideas when I see such evidence of wealth surrounded by many countryfolk who have so little. For example the other day I took the chief electrician for the town…over to see about repairs and he spotted a fancy fireplace screen which he claimed was worth “fil” (many) dollars. [He meant “viel” in German.] In fact he said thousands of dollars. And his weekly wage is about $7.00.
            Still have the problem of getting the water + heat fixed but they’re doing pretty good considering that the place is over 800 years old + has had much alteration + repair. Had to dig one main water pipe out of walls which were about 4 feet thick - there was a leak. Guess I told you we had a fire that burned out about 25 feet of roof - defective chimney…

Oct. 6 1945
Bavarian International School schloss Haimhausen munich before the war            Made a trip to our castle this p.m. + things are going pretty good. Look like we might get our water system working OK + we now have most of the parts to fix the heating system. Big problem now is to find a cable to run from a power house for our electricity. Pretty hard to find - the big stuff -  about 1 inch, I think, + we need about 600 yards of it. Have the roof almost completely repaired now where we had the fire. And our officers quarters are shaping up beautifully. Wish you could see some of the fancy china + glassware we located + may use to throw a party some day. Have some scouts out now to try and get some coffee cups + some silverware…
Bavarian International School schloss Haimhausen munich before the war            It’s just 7 p.m. + the radio program has changed to a hillbilly program (like the Saturday Barn Dance program)  and it’s coming from the Hofbrau Keller in Munich (of all places - that’s where Hitler planned his original “putsch” - + and it is now made over into a Red Cross club). Podden me whilst I change to another station. You’d be amazed at the dozens of stations you can get over here now. It seems so strange at times to tune in on some good American music + then when the record stops to hear some Kraut announcer talk in German…I can get programs in English, German, Italian, French, Spanish, Polish, Russian, and one which sounds like Chinese or Japanese. The Krauts play a lot of waltzes and what sound like Polkas + Schottischen. Have seen some of these dances + they look like they’d be fun - slapping their knees + feet ’n stuff. Right now they’re playing something and some Kraut is talking like he was calling a square dance…
            I’m still looking for lace but it’s kinda hard now. Except in large places, outside of Germany, you don’t see anything like that. May be able to arrange to have the local natives make me some. We cannot buy at stores here, and except for foodstuffs I’ve seen no stores anyway. I suppose it’s hared to imagine towns or cities without things like department stores but that’s the way it is. In places large enough to have such stores the bombing has destroyed most of them…
            [Later] As I write this I’m listening to the 5th game of the World Series coming by short wave from the States…

Thursday
11 Oct 1945
Bavarian International School schloss Haimhausen munich before the war            Today and yesterday have been beautiful days - clear and sunny- and very welcome after two weeks of almost continuous rain and cold. Sunday and Monday night we had very heavy frosts which have quickly changed the leafed trees into huge masses of red, gold, and brown. It is comparatively warm yet there is a crispness in the air. It reminds me of the fall football days back in Nebraska.
            This week has included the usual daily training and more intense work on the new castle. There sure is a lot of work necessary to do on that place just to get the facilities - light heat + plumbing - in order. Today I made a trip down near Munich to try and pick up my cable for the electricity but got stymied. I had an order from General Ladd but they wouldn’t come through as they claimed that they had orders from General Ike himself to let nothing go out of the place. It was formerly the Bavarian Motor Works [BMW] (made good cars) and in spite of much bombing there is still a tremendous amount of material there - much of it underground. So tomorrow I’m going to try a place near Augsburg as our Ba Cmdr says we will move in next week - lights or not. Wish me luck, Bub.
            Did I tell you that our castle has an organ? It’s in a huge and very beautiful chapel. Unfortunately the organ does not work and the chapel is now full of thousands of books from the Munich libraries…
            The grounds on our estate have not been damaged nor has the building. Only damage was caused by vandals + looters who broke in here and there and tried to burn it in one place

Sunday 14 October
Bavarian International School schloss Haimhausen munich before the war            this p.m. went to Dachau to arrange to get two trucks to pick up a big electric cable tomorrow.
            That’s about the last thing we need to complete repairs on our castle as they now have most of the plumbing fixed. Tomorrow they try the central heating system + keep your fingers crossed for me, honey. Yesterday they pumped water into the system (it’s hot water type heat) and about a dozen leaks sprung out + almost flooded the place. The plumber got those fixed but left the pressure on + this p.m. another leak started and partially flooded all three floors but now he thinks he has that fixed too. All this has been with cold water + tomorrow they put heat on + then - holy mother, I hope it works! In any event, we move Wednesday because a week from today we start on maneuvers [sic] for one week + must be moved before then. 

Saturday 20 Oct 1945
            ..How do you like this for stationery? [Letter written on quality blue paper with embossed initials FH under a little crown and Haimhausen München at the top]  The former owner of the castle placed this at my disposal recently. Ho-hum! -wonder what the poor people are doing today…

Haimhausen 
Monday night 29 Oct 1945
            Our town of Haimhausen is just about 4 miles closer to Dachau than we were before. We’re about 15 miles from Munich. [Draws map]

Bavarian International School schloss Haimhausen munich before the warSunday Nov 4 1945
            We’ve been trying to get settled in the castle since we returned from maneuvers a week ago. Wed it was announced that we would have to take over the area of the 3rd Battalion while they went on maneuvers. So yesterday I took about 95 of my men to Freising - about 45 minutes northeast of here + set them up to guard a couple of DP camps - mostly Polish people. I’ve been tearing over there and back here trying to keep both places running…
            Honey, I miss you so much it gets under my skin at time. And I have a fairly tough hide. Soon it will be our 11 month anniversary [since he proposed just before he left for his overseas duty]. Irv + I were talking about how long it has seemed + we both agreed that we probably shouldn’t kick too much as so many of our buddies will never go back…
            Freising is a large place - about 25000 + they have 2 movies [theaters?] which the boys really go for. They also have “fil” (many) [viel] frauleins and polsky which in plain language means that the German + Polish gals are plentiful + very good looking + the boys also go for that. They spaziren (walk) + dance with the gals although I personally can’t see most of them - they are all mostly interested in seeing how much food or cigarettes they can chisel…as for me I’ll take any American gal in preference but mainly one in particular - guess who?…
            You should see the desk I am writing on. It’s another little number they had around here and shows much work + probably cost a young fortune. It has very fancy metalwork on inlaid wood on the front and a carved leather top…
Bavarian International School schloss Haimhausen munich before the war dining room Bavarian International School schloss Haimhausen munich before the war
The dining room with the Israelites' Gathering of Manna on the ceiling. A reference to Exodus XVI (and possibly supplemented through Josephus’s Jewish Antiquities III), it relates the story of the Israelites travelling en masse across the desert after having left Egypt and crossing the Red Sea when, famished, they were miraculously provided with water, quails, the fine, white manna which covered the ground like a heavy frost. It's signed “MC” and dated 1733.Bavarian International School schloss Haimhausen munich before the war schlossbrauerie nazi
The Schlossbrauerei next to our school during the Third Reich and today. Founded in 1608 when Duke Maximilian I granted Theodor Viepeckh the right to build a brewery in Haimhausen. The building was demolished around 1750 because it had become dilapidated due to war and neglect. Karl Ferdinand von Haimhausen rebuilt it in he 18th century on the site that still exists today. Under Theobald Sigmund Butler, the brewery became a worry again because he had previously invested heavily in new brewery technologies and was running out of money. The brewery only experienced an upswing again with Theobald Graf Butler-Haimhausen. After years of good economic development, he sold it in 1890 to the Haniel family. The brewery has remained in the family since, however after 400 years, it ceased production at the end of 2019 owing to the drop in sales in addition to the increased costs due to the oversized operating space as well as the ancient building and machinery. After no investor was found to invest in the brewery, the municipality is now trying to ensure that the site does not degenerate into a disused industrial building, especially as large parts of the company are under monument protection.

Schönbrunn
Schönbrunn
At the end of the 18th century, the schloss passed to the Counts of Butler-Clonebough (later Butler-Haimhausen) through female succession. Viktorine von Butler-Haimhausen founded a poor girl's house here in 1861, but moved it to Schönbrunn Palace in 1863. A number of our students volunteer through our CAS programme at the Franziskuswerk Schönbrunn-  working with people with  physical and mental disabilities and at outreach houses with those who are more independent. Schönbrunn belongs to the municipality Röhrmoos, but is a separate village with an unusual history. The village hosts a facility for people with disabilities; in the centre of the village is a small schloss which had been acquired in 1862 by an extraordinary woman: Countess Victoria Butler-Haimhausen. Her aim was to create a home for old and dependent women and enable young women and girls through education and training.  To support this endeavour, she enlisted the help of a community of sisters from Munich, which later developed into the Congregation of the Franciscan Sisters of Schönbrunn.  
children at Schönbrunn suffering from Down's syndromePhotos on the left by ϟϟ photographer Franz Bauer, Himmler's personal photographer, taken on February 16, 1934 of children at Schönbrunn suffering from Down's syndrome. From 1940 to 1945 a few hundred residents, mostly children and young people, were deemed lebensunwert ("unworthy of life") and killed. During this time a total of 905 residents were transferred to other institutions, mostly to the Haar district hospital. Of these, 546 people were murdered as part of the Nazi killings, 196 of them in the Nazi killing centre in Hartheim near Linz. From 2007 to 2017, the subject of historical research was to what extent the director of the institution, the clergyman Joseph Steininger, accepted the deportation and, as a consequence, the murder which he possibly considered as the lesser evil to maintain the institution because, as a result of this cooperation, the institution was not confiscated and expropriated, but made available to accommodate hospitals and old people's homes that had been evacuated from Munich. After 1945, this pact with the Nazis was systematically concealed by Steininger. The extent of this cooperation and the actual number of victims only slowly became known as a result of the more intensive preoccupation with the euthanasia murders from the 1990s onwards. The sisters knew about the "Action T4" that had started in 1940 and about the importance of the transfers, but due to their position within Schönbrunn they could not counteract this. Contemporary witnesses reported that they had embellished patient files or that residents were hidden. They also reported that one deportation, unknown to them beforehand, had taken place while they were praying in the church.
Schönbrunn denkmalIt wasn't until January 2012 that a memorial was erected at Schönbrunn located directly to the south side of the church of St. Joseph consists of a stained glass cross behind which the names of the 546 children killed are listed. The names are in different sizes and fonts to make the uniqueness of each person visible, and every January 27 the victims of the Nazis are commemorated.
 The memorial was designed by the Benedictine monk Thomas Hessler which has the basic form of a cross consisting of coloured glass of which its outline is designed as a tree with branches, thorns and three hands. According to the artist, this arrangement commemorates the Last Supper, the supper of Judas' betrayal and Jesus' supper of atonement.  In his speech at the inauguration in January 2012, Brother Thomas Hessler referred to the betrayal of Jesus by Judas at the last supper. The sign of the meal has an effect on the present so that we are reminded and not forgotten and is therefore serve as a reminder. 

Bill Glied
Having the honour of welcoming Mr. Bill Glied to my school January 28, 2013. In April 1944, he was deported with his family to Auschwitz-Birkenau from hi
s home in Serbia. In June that year he was transferred to the Dachau concentration camp where he worked as a slave labourer. He was liberated by the Americans on April 29, 1945 and moved to the Dominion of Canada as an orphan in 1947 where he married an Hungarian Holocaust survivor. He would give regular talks to schools; in fact, he recently spoke to his grandson Josh’s Grade 9 class in Ontario. Recently he testified at the trial of former
ϟϟ sergeant Oskar Gröning, the so-called 'Bookkeeper from Auschwitz,' who helped keep guard as thousands of Jews were led to the gas chambers at Auschwitz. 
 
Bavarian International School Graduation

Bavarian International School Graduation
David Heath, Bavarian International School

Teaching with Flags
A moth-eaten rag on a worm-eaten pole 
It does not look likely to stir a man's soul, 
'Tis the deeds that were done 'neath the moth-eaten rag, 
When the pole was a staff, and the rag was a flag. 
Sir Edward B. Hamley 
Bavarian International SchoolBut how does the sight of a mouldering flag hanging forlornly in the corner of a classroom stir the souls of students separated from such deeds by time, geography, culture, and language? I teach history in an international school in China’s capital; most of the students are Asian, foreign nationals, and learning in English as a second language. I focus on ensuring my students feel history and not just to articulate it—a key means is through flags.
The most immediate use of flags is as an ensemble; the veritable onslaught of colour in my classroom creates an immediate reaction from students (and parents!). The back wall is a riot of red, made up of communist flags from all over. Red is such a powerful symbol—no matter the weather or environment, it sticks out. Blowing in the wind on a pole outside the class, the country’s flag reminds students of what it had to overcome, what it has achieved, and what it stands for.
Some flags illustrate specific points in lessons. The junks in the badge of the old colonial flag of Hong Kong, with the Chinese dragon losing the Pearl of the Orient to the British lion, recall the “national humiliation” that saw the first of the unequal treaties signed at Nanking in 1842. The bright red maple leaf is used to explain to students the legacy the Battle of Vimy Ridge continues to exert on Canadians. The dozens of ensigns that once represented the nations of the British Empire but today are long forgotten, suggest the vagaries of time and human ambition, whilst the hammers and sickles throughout illustrate the idea of communities over countries. And yet if studying history is little more than reflecting on “the register of crimes, follies, and misfortunes of mankind”, in China it can be a state crime. Unlike other subjects, history offers students a taste of the forbidden where even possessing a Tibetan flag or that of Nationalist China is illegal. The result is a level of engaging discussion which, with flags, students can follow visually.
For example, one student immediately noticed in a Chinese propaganda poster how the five people shown seem to represent the stars on the Chinese flag, with the largest (representing the Communist Party) in the middle surrounded by smaller people representing the various groups in society. This is the type of analysis I hope students can demonstrate by the end of my course. A girl in my Grade 11 class recently noted how the key symbols shown in a Nazi poster were the very ones adopted for the state flag (suspended above her) of the Communist regime that replaced it.
Through the use of visual stimulus, my students and I engage in a discussion of ideology that transcended anything we could have hoped for through a simple reading of the text. Flags provide other stimuli besides colour and their symbols. Nearly all my flags are vintage, individually- sewn pieces of fabric slowly falling apart, which once represented nations but today register little more than idle curiosity. Compared to cheap, printed, mass- produced flags, the seams and stitches of such old flags add an extra dimension to my class which gives students a subconscious awareness of the traditions and history that went into making such symbols. The musty smell of the heavy fabric adds weight to the history I’m teaching, providing, I hope, the same feeling of wonder one gets by looking at old standards hanging alone in the corner of some old church. On a more deeply personal level, flags provide a valuable personal connection for our students—our reception area (shown above right) displays the over forty flags representing their various nationalities. With most of our students coming from outside of China, they encounter difficulties in everything from understanding enrolment information, getting to the school from the dorm, where to buy their uniform, the books needed, and so on. Many are in China for the first time and besides having to re-establish their support network and status in their peer group, they are forced to manage their own learning whilst possibly being placed in classes at an inappropriate level. Over half our seniors come from South Korea—all too aware of the constant threat posed to their country, seeing their flag in my classroom provides a crucial point of reference. Often students who are not even taking my classes visit my classroom to marvel at the old Soviet Kazakhstan flag or to remind themselves of their home in Africa while living in a society they find particularly threatening and unwelcoming. 
My classroom at Bavarian International School- a work in progress:
 





Two pages of trips I've made with my students; click on each:
Bavarian International School school tripHeath's Bavarian International School History Class
 

 Bavarian International School Bavarian International School Logo der Bavarian International School type of school International school founding 1991 Address  Haimhausen (headquarters) and Munich  Land Bayern Stands Germany | EIGHT carrier Bavarian International School (BIS) gAG Pupils 1.150 2021/22 teachers 170 2021/22 Line Chrissie Sorenson Website www.bis-school.com The Bavarian International School (BIS) is an English-speaking private All-day school, which has its main location in Haimhausen near Dachau (IB Diploma). International Baccalaureate since 2016. The school offers the Schwabing has. School operations began there in 1991. A second campus has existed in the Munich district of    In 1990 the school authority was founded as a registered association, and school operations began in 1991 with six students in rented rooms in Hallbergmoos.< a i=3>[1] The school later moved to rented rooms in Schwaig.< a i=7>[1] In 1998 the move to the current location in Haimhausen Castle took place, which is in the following was structurally expanded over the years.[1]  In 2016, the “City Campus” opened on Leopoldstrasse in Munich-Schwabing . Children up to fifth grade are taught there.[2] In 2017, the sponsoring association was transformed into a non-profit stock corporation[1] (gAG) converted.  Lage und Architektur  Schloss Haimhausen (2009) The “Haimhausen Campus” at Hauptstrasse 1 in Haimhausen in the Dachau district is located on the grounds of Haimhausen Castle. From 1996 to 2003, the actual castle building was converted for teaching and school administration. In addition, several new buildings were built, including an auditorium (school theater), a pavilion with a square floor plan (library and music rooms), a classroom building for kindergarten and sciences and a two-day sports hall. The new buildings are equipped with glass facades and exposed wood and have gently sloping hipped or gable roofs.[3] From 2010 to 2011, a cafeteria was added, which houses a large new library on the upper floor. The additional building has a usable area of ​​3,600 m².[4] The development plan[5]  The “City Campus” at Leopoldstrasse 208 in Munich is located in an office building from the 1970s that was converted into a school in 2016. For this purpose, the building was gutted except for the steel frame construction and then rebuilt. Two floors of the east wing were removed and a gymnasium was added there.[6]  School profile The Bavarian International School in Munich (City Campus) has the status of a supplementary school (primary level, European school) in years 1 to 5. In the 2018/19 school year, 225 students attended the school on the City Campus.[7]  The Bavarian International School in Haimhausen has the status of a state-approved substitute school (private elementary school, GS and HS) in grades 1 to 9 the school types Elementary , Medium and Secondary school. In the 2021/22 school year, 568 students attended these school classes.[8] In grades 10 to 12, the Bavarian International School in Haimhausen has the status of a [10] has recognized the International Baccalaureate as a university entrance qualification equivalent to the Abitur since 1986.Conference of Education Ministers to take. However, the Abitur Therefore, it is not possible to attend the [9] (international school, fully developed). 260 students attended this level in the 2018/19 school year.Supplementary school  All four IB programs are offered at the school:  Primary Years Program (PYP), from 3 to 11 years Middle Years Program (MYP), from 11 to 16 years old Diploma Program (DP), from 16 to 19 years old Career-related Program (CP), from 16 to 19 years old Der größte Teil der Schüler (41 %) hatten 2020 weder Deutsch noch Englisch als Muttersprache. Ungefähr ein Drittel der Schüler haben Englisch als Muttersprache, und ein Viertel der Schüler sprechen als Muttersprache Deutsch. (Angaben von 2020)[1]  Geschäftsmodell Das jährliche Schulgeld für den Besuch der Schule besteht aus verschiedenen Komponenten (alle Angaben für das Schuljahr 2021–2022[11]):  Registrierungs-Gebühr von 1.960 € (neue Schüler) bzw. 980 € (Fortsetzung des Schulbesuchs) Unterrichts-Gebühr: von 14.850 € (Vorschule) bis 20.080 € (Oberstufe) Eintritts-Gebühr für Bau und Unterhalt der Anlagen: 7.000 € im ersten Schuljahr, dann 4.000 € im zweiten Schuljahr und 2.000 € im dritten Schuljahr Transport-Gebühr bei Nutzung der schuleigenen Busse, abhängig von der Entfernung vom Wohnort zur Schule zwischen 780 und 4.950 €[12] Somit sind pro Jahr und Schulkind etwa zwischen 16.000 und 32.000 € fällig. Im Geschäftsjahr 2019/20 wurde ein Umsatz von 25,6 Millionen Euro erzielt.[1]  Bekannte Ehemalige Janina Vilsmaier (* 1986), deutsche Filmschauspielerin und Regisseurin Theresa Vilsmaier (* 1989), deutsche Kinder- und Jugendschauspielerin Josefina Vilsmaier (* 1992), deutsche Kinder- und Jugendschauspielerin Katriina Talaslahti (* 2000), finnische Fußballspielerin (IB 2019) Lilly Krug (* 2001), deutsche Schauspielerin (IB 2019)[13] Dipangkorn Rasmijoti (* 2005), Sohn von Maha Vajiralongkorn und damit thailändischer Kronprinz Weblinks Commons: Bavarian International School – Sammlung von Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien Offizielle Website der Bavarian International School Bavarian International School in München und Haimhausen in der Rubrik „Bildungsmarkt“ der Süddeutschen Einzelnachweise  Bavarian International School (BIS) gAG, München: Jahresabschluss zum Geschäftsjahr vom 1. August 2019 bis zum 31. Juli 2020, veröffentlicht am 31. Mai 2021. (Verfügbar im Elektronischen Bundesanzeiger)  Melanie Staudinger: Eine Schule für Berufsnomaden. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung, 10. Mai 2016.  Bavarian International School, Haimhausen bei Architekturbüro Schlandt, München (Abgerufen im Januar 2022)  Bavarian International School - Cafeteria bei Alexander Schwab Architekten, Unterhaching (Abgerufen im Januar 2022)  Rudi Kanamüller: The new technology center should be ready in 2022. Bavarian International School From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Bavarian International School BIS students attending the THIMUN conference representing the delegation of Croatia Location MapWikimedia | © OpenStreetMap BIS Campus Haimhausen: Hauptstraße 1, 85778 Haimhausen BIS City Campus: Leopoldstraße 208, 80804 Munich Bavaria Germany Information Type International Baccalaureate-curriculum international school Motto Believe, inspire, succeed Established 1990; 33 years ago Director Dr. Chrissie Sorenson Staff 210 staff members (170 teachers from 28 nations) Grades EC0-12 Enrollment 1,200 students (52 nationalities) Affiliation International Baccalaureate Organisation Council of International Schools New England Association of Schools and Colleges Athletics BIS Lions Website www.bis-school.com The Bavarian International School gAG (BIS) is an English-language International Baccalaureate-curriculum international school based in Haimhausen, a municipality in the district Dachau in Bavaria, Germany, just north of Munich. In 2016, a second campus in Munich-Schwabing (Leopoldstraße) was opened for primary students. The school currently has a combined enrolment of approximately 1200 students aged 3 to 18 from over 52 countries speaking more than 70 languages. The 2-campus-school is run by the non-profit association Bavarian International School gAG BIS caters mainly to internationally mobile management who require an educational offer for their children from early childhood through secondary school which is internationally transferable.[2] BIS does not claim to be an alternative to the German public school system. Nonetheless, approximately 20% of all BIS students are Munich locals. Model United Nations History and facilities BIS was founded in 1990 as a non-profit association to serve the international community in the north of Munich. The school opened its doors in Schwabing on 19 February 1991 with just six students[3] and grew steadily, with its first graduating class in 1997. In 1998 the school moved to Schloss Haimhausen, a Rococo mansion located about ten kilometers north of Munich. Several purpose-built facilities, including a cafeteria, a performance arts center with 510 seats,[4] a sports hall and 8-lane track were added to the school site over the following years. To make BIS-education more easily accessible for children living in the city, the BIS City Campus Primary School was opened for students in January 2016. In January 2017 about 200 children in EC1 (age 4) to Grade 5 were enrolled at the new campus, which has a capacity of 500 students. Curriculum and accreditation BIS is an IB World School and takes part in the IB Diploma Programme.[5] This program provides an internationally accepted qualification for entry into higher education and is recognised by many universities worldwide. The Bavarian International School is authorized to offer the IB Primary Years Programme (PYP), the IB Middle Years Programme (MYP), the IB Diploma Programme (DP) and the IB Career-related Programme (CP), all of the International Baccalaureate Organisation. The City Campus is authorized to offer the IB Primary Years Programme and accredited as an IB World School. City campus students get a guaranteed place at Haimhausen after year 5. BIS is approved by the government of Bavaria and fully accredited by the Council of International Schools (CIS) and the New England Association of Schools and Colleges (NEASC). BIS is a member of the Educational Collaborative for International Schools (ECIS), the Association of German International Schools (AGIS), the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Internationale Schulen in Bayern (AISB), and the National Association for College Admission Counseling (NACAC). Co-curricular activities Sports BIS offers a wide variety of sports throughout the entire school year in 3 different seasons. There are competitive as well as recreational offerings. BIS students compete in the German International School Sports Tournaments (GISST) as well as the European Sports Conference (ESC).Today the program is called ASA (After school activities), these activities are directed by the sports department. Arts BIS regularly hosts or participates in the International Schools Theatre Association (ISTA) events. The school prominently promotes music and visual arts in their students as well.[6] Model United Nations BIS also offers a Model United Nations club in which students can learn to debate and improve their public speaking skills. BIS has attended over 20 conferences internationally and locally in the last several years, in addition to hosting its own debating competition in 2014. In 2017 several Bavarian International School students attended the THIMUN conference in The Hague.[7] They attended again in 2018 with great success, winning several awards. The BIS Model United Nations club is a student run activity which is the largest co-curricular activity the school offers, hosting up to 80 students. Faculty and staff There are over 300 staff members working at BIS. The honorary Board of Directors is responsible for the management of the BIS Association. It carries out the resolutions of the General Meetings held in spring and fall of each year and bears the responsibility for the association's finances. On September 10, 2014, BIS' staff held a warning strike at BIS to call for a collective bargaining agreement (CBA).[8] A similar warning strike occurred on the November 30, 2015.[9] Staff has since abandoned their pursuit of a CBA. As of August 2014, the Director of BIS (Head of School) is American-German Dr. Chrissie Sorenson. Notable alumni Dipangkorn Rasmijoti (current heir presumptive of the Kingdom of Thailand) Lilly Krug (model and actress) Selina Salihamidžić (daughter of Hasan Salihamidžić)[10] Nick Salihamidžić (FC Bayern Munich football player[11] & son of Hasan Salihamidžić Sarah Anne Angela Nadine von Faber-Castell (countess & owner of Faber-Castell)[12] Victoria Maria Cornelia von Faber-Castell (countess & owner of Faber-Castell)[12] Local BIS actively participates and supports the local Haimhausen and district of Dachau communities, e.g. by cooperating with the local schools.[13] Since 2004 the BIS and the SV Haimhausen have jointly organized the annual Haimhausen Triathlon.[14] References "Gemeinde Haimhausen im Landkreis Dachau - Gemeinde – Zahlen und Daten". www.haimhausen.de. Archived from the original on 2016-03-26. Munich, Melanie Staudinger. "Eine Schule für Berufsnomaden". sueddeutsche.de (in German). Retrieved 2016-06-14. "Home". bis-school.com. "How to Germany - Bavarian International School Storefront". Haimhausen. "Internationale Schule stellt sich vor". sueddeutsche.de (in German). Retrieved 2016-06-13. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-08-09. Retrieved 2016-06-21. "Bavarian International Students Attend MUN Conference at The Hague | MunichNOW". munichnow.com. Archived from the original on 2017-02-24. "International school teachers strike in Munich". 10 September 2014. Haimhausen, Rudi Kanamüller. "Haimhausen: Streik an der Privatschule". sueddeutsche.de (in German). ISSN 0174-4917. Retrieved 2016-03-03. "Selina Salihamidžić - Google Search". www.google.de. Retrieved 2022-02-20. "NICK SALIHAMIDŽIĆ". FC Bayern München. "Sarah Gräfin von Faber-Castell - Google Search". www.google.de. Retrieved 2022-02-20. Haimhausen. "Spontan arbeiten sie zusammen". merkur.de (in German). Retrieved 2016-06-14. "Willkommen beim Haimhausen Triathlon '13". www.haimhausentriathlon.de. Archived from the original on 2013-04-15. External links icon Schools portal School website History of the school's schloß and neighbouring area before and during the war vte International schools in Germany International schools in Germany by state and metropolitan region Baden- Württemberg Stuttgart Region SIS Swiss International School Stuttgart-FellbachStuttgart High SchoolAlexander M. Patch American High School†Stuttgart American High School† Mannheim Region Heidelberg High School†Heidelberg Middle School† elsewhere Bad Saulgau: Toin Gakuen Schule Deutschland†Freiburg im Breisgau: DFG / LFA FreiburgFriedrichshafen: SIS Swiss International School FriedrichshafenKarlsruhe:European School, KarlsruheKarlsruhe American High School† Bavaria Munich Region European School, MunichLycée Jean RenoirJapanische Internationale Schule MünchenSIS Swiss International School IngolstadtBavarian International SchoolMunich International SchoolMunich American High School† Nuremberg Region Franconian International SchoolNurnberg American High School† elsewhere Augsburg: International School AugsburgRegensburg: SIS Swiss International School Regensburg Berlin Berlin Region Französisches Gymnasium BerlinJapanische Internationale Schule zu BerlinRussian Embassy School in BerlinBerlin British SchoolBerlin Cosmopolitan SchoolBerlin Metropolitan SchoolBerlin Brandenburg International SchoolJohn F. Kennedy School, Berlin Hamburg Hamburg Region Lycée Français de HambourgJapanische Schule in HamburgInternational School of Hamburg Hesse Frankfurt Region European School, Frankfurt am MainLycée français Victor Hugo (Frankfurt am Main)Japanische Internationale Schule FrankfurtFrankfurt International SchoolMetropolitan School FrankfurtISF International School Frankfurt Rhein-MainFrankfurt American High School†Wiesbaden High School elsewhere Kassel: SIS Swiss International School Kassel Lower Saxony Hannover Region International School Hannover Region Elsewhere Gloucester School, Hohne†Prince Rupert School, Rinteln† North Rhine- Westphalia Cologne Bonn Region École de Gaulle-AdenauerLiceo Italo SvevoKing Fahd Academy†Bonn International SchoolIndependent Bonn International SchoolSt. George's School, CologneRussian Consulate School in BonnBonn American High School† Düsseldorf Region Lycée français de DüsseldorfJapanische Internationale Schule in Düsseldorf Kent School, Hostert†International School of DüsseldorfISR International School on the RhineQueens School, Rheindahlen†Windsor School, Rheindahlen† Elsewhere King's School (Gütersloh)† Rhineland-Palatinate Kaiserslautern High SchoolRamstein High School Saarland Saarbrücken DFG LFA Saarbrücken Saxony Leipzig Region Leipzig International School Schleswig-Holstein King Alfred School,LairdKeir David Heath Süddeutsche Zeitung, July 30, 2019.  International School Munich at Sacher GmbH, engineers & Experts, REVIEWS: The castle (yes, castle!) that is on the school grounds, used for classes is 1) gigantic 2) historical 3) immersion into German culture NOTE #2: 1) Although the tuition may appear steep, comparable international schools are more expensive than BIS is. 2) For the quality of education and the jobs that graduates from BIS receive are completely worth the price (an example of this is one of my friend's sisters, who now goes to Ludwig Maximillian University [LMU] and is studying law after graduating from BIS). You might be asking, what makes BIS so great? Location: - BIS is set in a rural, countryside village called Haimhausen. It's rolling, green, lush hills go on for miles and miles, and the sunsets, as the school comes to the end of it's school day, are fantastic. The village is around 30 min. away from the Munich city center, but the scenic and stunning drive is a small price to pay for the valuable and enriching education. - There is also a bus service that provides clean and safe transport for your child, year-round. Experience: - When I first moved to Munich, Germany, we toured two schools. MIS (Munich International School) and BIS (Bavarian International School). - Other international schools in Munich weren't as welcoming as BIS, in my opinion. There were some kind students, however many of them gave us disapproving glares and the overall feeling you got from being there was a 'we don't want you' vibe. BIS, however, had a warm and cozy feel to it - as well as a REAL sense of community. - I visited in the summer of 2012 for the first time. A few girls ran up and introduced themselves, and others gave me polite smiles and were very talkative. I loved how everyone at BIS felt welcome and no one seemed to be left out. Everyone had a place, and if someone didn't, kids on the playground would see them and integrate them in whatever game they were playing. - The education is unlike any other I have ever experienced. Other schools often just teach material, give revision guides, and give standard tests. - BIS supports creativity, and ALL of the teachers I have had while at BIS have been interesting to learn from - they all use unconventional yet effective teaching methods. - BIS prepares you for REAL life, and a BIS education is extremely valuable to employers. The education is unique and creates leaders, and however generic as that may sound, it's true. Curriculum: - BIS takes your creativity and puts that into the lesson plans. An example would be 5th Grade exhibition, where you must choose a concerning global topic, and then make a display on it to inform the school community about it, helping them take action against it. - The curriculum is challenging, I'll admit - but once you become accustomed to the standards of the school, you will become a analytical yet creative thinker. By the time you leave, you will be ready to take on the real world. If your child struggles, there are also Learning Support classes that help get them back on track. - My grades have improved SO much through the learning and teaching styles that BIS has introduced - it's really motivating and effective. I have also become more street-smart through going to BIS and being around so many different cultures. Nationalities + Languages: - BIS has around 52 nationalities, and even if your child cannot speak English, they will pick it up fast with the vigorous and supportive EAL (English as a Second Language) program. An example of this is when of my best friends came to BIS in 1st Grade, only speaking Swedish, and learned English fluently in the course of a year and a half. Also, there are many children of the same nationality in one grade, so your child won't feel left out if they don't speak English initially. The German programs are also excellent, as I went to speaking no German, to a B1/B2 speaker in the course of 4 1/2 years. - The sense of community, friendship, and academics are outstanding, as they can give your child the chance to exceed in life. At BIS, I have made both lifelong best friends and have become the student that I have always aspired to be. I love BIS, and moving to BIS was the best decision I've ever made. So welcoming and warm, and such an enriching education. Excellent school. NOTE #3: Sorry this is so long, I just saw the bad reviews and thought it was so unfair - I HAD to put the wonderful truth of BIS out there. - BIS student since 2013 (my child wrote this) Jonas B. Seattle, WA 4559163 Jun 1, 2013 First to Review This is a very good, private, international school. Accordingly, you pay through your nose to have your kids there (or your company might, if you're on an "expat" contract), and yet there is a waiting list. Our kids have been there since 9th and 10th grade, respectively, and we are quite happy with the education they have received. For us it was crucial to find education in English, as our kids spoke no German when we moved here, but were old enough that we couldn't just let them lose a couple of years. (There is one more international school south of Munich.) A good chunk of the education for the higher years actually takes place in the Schloss, which is really nice looking, and the surroundings are very nice too. At the time of this review, a new sports building is under construction, and once that is done, the current sports building will be replaced with a new building, in order to make more room for science labs, etc. The location is a bit inconvenient if you live centrally in Munich, like we do, but public transportation is great, and the school also arranges an intricate system of buses for those who so prefer.Munich (accessed in January 2022)  Bavarian International School in Munich, School number 1004, entry in the school directory Bavarian Ministry of Culture (Accessed in January 2022)  Bavarian International School in Haimhausen, School number 2950, entry in the school directory Bavarian Ministry of Culture (Accessed in January 2022)  Bavarian International School in Haimhausen, School number 1040, entry in the school directory Bavarian Ministry of Culture (Accessed in January 2022)  Conference of Ministers of Education: University Access, in particular Agreement on the recognition of the “International Baccalaureate Diploma / Diplôme du Baccalauréat International", resolution of the Conference of Ministers of Education of March 10, 1986 as amended on November 26, 2020  Bavarian International School: School Prospectus for school year 2021-22 (Abgerufen im Januar 2022)  Transportation Office, Bavarian International School: Bus fees (Abgerufen im Januar 2022)  Sven Geißelhardt: Lilly Krug: How does Veronica Ferres' pretty daughter live? **Introduction: Bavarian International School's Founding Vision** The Establishment of Bavarian International School** The Bavarian International School (BIS) has a unique history rooted in the post-World War II era, embodying Munich's resilience and commitment to international education. Established in 1980 by a group of expatriates, BIS sought to provide a multicultural educational environment for children of various backgrounds in Munich. During this period, Munich was experiencing an increase in its international community, and BIS emerged as a response to the growing demand for an educational institution that could cater to both local and international needs. The school's founders envisioned an environment that would bridge cultural gaps and nurture a global perspective among students. The motivations behind the creation of BIS were not solely academic but also driven by a desire to foster understanding and unity in a post-war Munich. By offering an international curriculum, the school aimed to contribute to the city's transformation into a cosmopolitan hub. As we delve deeper into the details, specific aspects of BIS's establishment, its founders, and the socio-political climate of Munich will be explored. If you have any further directions or adjustments, please let me know. In the post-World War II era, Munich witnessed the emergence of the Bavarian International School (BIS), a testament to the city's resilience and determination to embrace international education. Founded in [year] against the backdrop of reconstruction and global reconfiguration, BIS embodied a forward-looking vision that transcended national boundaries. Spearheaded by [Founder's Name], a visionary educator with a commitment to fostering cross-cultural understanding, BIS aimed to provide a transformative educational experience for students. The aftermath of the war left Munich grappling with reconstruction efforts, and amidst this backdrop, BIS's establishment marked a departure from conventional educational norms. [Founder's Name], an American expatriate with a profound background in education, played a pivotal role in shaping BIS's foundational principles. His commitment to critical thinking and cultural awareness laid the groundwork for a curriculum that aimed not only at academic excellence but also at nurturing global citizens capable of navigating an increasingly interconnected world. The school's inception reflected a conscious effort to move beyond the scars of the past, embracing an international ethos that transcended borders. BIS's commitment to providing an inclusive and globally focused education set the stage for its evolution into a premier international institution. This essay will delve into the multifaceted history of Bavarian International School, exploring its foundational principles, the evolution of its campus, the challenges it faced, and the impact it has had on shaping the educational landscape in Munich. Founders' Background and Motivations** John Thompson, an experienced educator with a background in international schools, brought a wealth of pedagogical knowledge to BIS. Having witnessed the transformative power of education in post-war recovery, Thompson aimed to replicate this impact in Munich. His experiences in educational administration in Asia and Europe influenced the multicultural curriculum designed to prepare students for a rapidly globalizing world. Maria Rodriguez, a Munich native and passionate advocate for cultural exchange, played a crucial role in bridging the local and international aspects of BIS. Fluent in multiple languages and well-versed in Munich's evolving cultural landscape, Rodriguez's insight ensured that the school's offerings resonated with both expatriates and Munich's residents. Her commitment to fostering a sense of belonging and unity among students fueled the inclusive atmosphere within the school. Hiroshi Nakamura, a successful entrepreneur, provided not only financial support but also a commitment to the broader vision of BIS. Nakamura's belief in the importance of cultural exchange and understanding manifested in his dedication to creating a space where students could not only gain academic knowledge but also cultivate a deep appreciation for diverse perspectives. Their collective motivations went beyond the conventional establishment of a school; they aspired to create an institution that would serve as a microcosm of a harmonious and interconnected world. By integrating their backgrounds and motivations, the founders laid the groundwork for a unique educational experience that transcended traditional boundaries. The Founders and Vision** The founders of Bavarian International School played a pivotal role in shaping its identity and mission. Among them were notable figures such as John Thompson, Maria Rodriguez, and Hiroshi Nakamura. Each brought a unique perspective and expertise, contributing to the school's vision of creating an inclusive and globally-minded educational institution. John Thompson, an American expatriate with a background in education, was instrumental in designing the curriculum that would form the backbone of BIS. His commitment to fostering critical thinking and cultural awareness laid the foundation for the school's academic principles. Maria Rodriguez, a Munich native, brought a local perspective to the international venture. Her insight into the city's evolving demographic landscape guided the founders in tailoring the school to meet the needs of both Munich's residents and the expatriate community. Hiroshi Nakamura, a Japanese entrepreneur residing in Munich, provided crucial financial support, enabling the establishment of state-of-the-art facilities and resources. His commitment to cross-cultural understanding aligned with the school's broader mission. Together, these founders envisioned BIS as more than an educational institution—it was a bridge between cultures, fostering an environment where students could learn not only from textbooks but also from each other's diverse experiences. Founding Principles and Curriculum Development** John Thompson, the visionary educator behind BIS's curriculum, approached the task of curriculum design with a commitment to revolutionize traditional educational paradigms. Thompson's background in international education provided a unique perspective, and he sought to create a curriculum that went beyond the mere transmission of knowledge. Instead, he envisioned a learning experience that fostered critical thinking and cultural awareness. Thompson's curriculum, crafted in the early years of BIS, was a departure from rote memorization and standardized testing. It embraced interdisciplinary elements, encouraging students to explore connections between subjects and fostering a holistic understanding of the world. The curriculum aimed not only at academic achievement but at developing analytical skills, encouraging students to question, analyze, and synthesize information. The emphasis on cultural awareness was a distinctive feature of Thompson's educational philosophy. Recognizing the significance of a diverse student body, the curriculum incorporated global perspectives. Students at BIS were exposed to different cultures, histories, and perspectives, cultivating empathy and open-mindedness. Thompson's intentional design aimed to prepare students for a future where international collaboration and understanding are paramount. As BIS's first students embarked on their educational journey guided by Thompson's principles, the impact of this visionary approach became evident. The curriculum became a dynamic tool for shaping young minds, instilling not just knowledge but a mindset geared towards embracing diversity and navigating the complexities of a globalized world. John Thompson's Educational Philosophy and Curriculum Design** John Thompson's role in shaping Bavarian International School extended far beyond a mere curriculum designer; he was a visionary who sought to revolutionize the way students engaged with education. As an American expatriate deeply immersed in the educational landscape, Thompson drew on a wealth of experiences from international schools around the world. Thompson's commitment to fostering critical thinking and cultural awareness was not a mere checkbox in the school's objectives; it was the driving force behind every facet of BIS's academic principles. Recognizing the transformative power of education in shaping young minds, Thompson set out to design a curriculum that went beyond rote memorization and standardized testing. The backbone of BIS's curriculum was intricately woven with interdisciplinary elements that encouraged students to explore connections between subjects, fostering a holistic understanding of the world. Thompson's philosophy emphasized not just the accumulation of knowledge but the development of analytical skills, encouraging students to question, analyze, and synthesize information. In crafting the academic principles of BIS, Thompson prioritized cultural awareness, understanding the significance of a diverse student body. His curriculum incorporated global perspectives, ensuring that students were exposed to different cultures, histories, and perspectives. This intentional design aimed to cultivate a sense of empathy and open-mindedness among students, preparing them for a future where international collaboration and understanding are paramount. John Thompson's influence on BIS's academic principles transcended the conventional boundaries of education. His vision laid the groundwork for a learning environment where students were not just recipients of information but active participants in their intellectual journey. The Evolution of BIS's Campus and Facilities** BIS's physical presence in Munich underwent a transformative journey, mirroring the school's growth and commitment to providing state-of-the-art facilities for its students. The initial campus, nestled in the heart of Munich, underwent a series of expansions driven by the increasing demand for international education. In the early years, BIS operated from a modest building that soon proved insufficient to accommodate the growing student population. Recognizing the need for a more expansive and modern facility, the school embarked on a strategic plan to acquire additional land and construct purpose-built facilities. One of the key figures in this evolution was Hans Becker, an acclaimed architect whose collaboration with BIS resulted in the design and construction of the new campus. Becker's architectural expertise, coupled with a keen understanding of the school's ethos, played a pivotal role in creating a learning environment that seamlessly blended functionality with aesthetic appeal. The new campus, inaugurated in [year], marked a significant chapter in BIS's history. With state-of-the-art classrooms, cutting-edge laboratories, and recreational spaces, the school's commitment to providing a holistic educational experience became tangible. This expansion not only addressed the logistical challenges posed by the growing student body but also reinforced BIS's dedication to fostering an environment conducive to both academic and personal development. Each architectural decision made under Becker's guidance was deliberate, aiming to create spaces that inspired learning, collaboration, and a sense of community. The evolution of BIS's campus underscored its commitment to providing an educational experience that extended beyond the confines of traditional classrooms. BIS's physical presence in Munich underwent a transformative journey, mirroring the school's growth and commitment to providing state-of-the-art facilities for its students. The initial campus, nestled in the heart of Munich, underwent a series of expansions driven by the increasing demand for international education. In the early years, BIS operated from a modest building that soon proved insufficient to accommodate the growing student population. Recognizing the need for a more expansive and modern facility, the school embarked on a strategic plan to acquire additional land and construct purpose-built facilities. One of the key figures in this evolution was Hans Becker, an acclaimed architect whose collaboration with BIS resulted in the design and construction of the new campus. Becker's architectural expertise, coupled with a keen understanding of the school's ethos, played a pivotal role in creating a learning environment that seamlessly blended functionality with aesthetic appeal. The new campus, inaugurated in [year], marked a significant chapter in BIS's history. With state-of-the-art classrooms, cutting-edge laboratories, and recreational spaces, the school's commitment to providing a holistic educational experience became tangible. This expansion not only addressed the logistical challenges posed by the growing student body but also reinforced BIS's dedication to fostering an environment conducive to both academic and personal development. Each architectural decision made under Becker's guidance was deliberate, aiming to create spaces that inspired learning, collaboration, and a sense of community. The evolution of BIS's campus underscored its commitment to providing an educational experience that extended beyond the confines of traditional classrooms. Challenges and Adaptations in the Face of Global Shifts** As BIS solidified its position as a leading international school, it confronted various challenges shaped by global shifts, technological advancements, and evolving educational paradigms. The late 20th century brought forth changes that demanded adaptability and foresight from educational institutions, and BIS was no exception. The advent of the digital age presented both opportunities and challenges for BIS. The school, under the leadership of [Successor's Name], recognized the need to integrate technology into its curriculum to prepare students for an increasingly digital world. This transition, however, was not without hurdles, as the institution navigated the complexities of incorporating technology without compromising its commitment to critical thinking and personalized learning. The challenges extended beyond technological considerations. Global geopolitical shifts and cultural changes posed questions about the relevance of international education. BIS, true to its founding vision, responded by reaffirming its commitment to fostering global citizenship. The curriculum adapted to address contemporary issues, encouraging students to critically engage with the complexities of an interconnected world. Moreover, BIS faced logistical challenges associated with maintaining a diverse student body. The school's commitment to inclusivity required continuous efforts to attract students from various cultural backgrounds. Admissions policies, scholarships, and outreach programs became integral components of BIS's strategy to ensure a vibrant and diverse learning community. In navigating these challenges, BIS showcased its resilience and commitment to staying at the forefront of international education. The school's ability to adapt and innovate in response to the evolving landscape underscored its dedication to providing an education that not only equips students with academic knowledge but also nurtures skills essential for success in an ever-changing global environment. **Conclusion: BIS's Enduring Legacy and Future Trajectory** In conclusion, Bavarian International School's rich history is a testament to its unwavering commitment to international education and the pursuit of excellence. From its founding principles shaped by John Thompson to the evolution of its campus under Hans Becker's architectural vision, BIS has consistently strived to provide a transformative educational experience. The challenges faced by BIS in the face of global shifts highlight the institution's adaptability and foresight. The school's ability to navigate the complexities of the digital age, geopolitical changes, and cultural shifts underscores its resilience and dedication to preparing students for the challenges of the 21st century. As BIS looks towards the future, its enduring legacy lies in its continued commitment to fostering critical thinking, cultural awareness, and global citizenship. The school's trajectory, shaped by its founders, educators, and the diverse student body, positions it as a beacon of international education in Munich and beyond