Showing posts with label Magdeburg. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Magdeburg. Show all posts

Remaining Nazi Sites in Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt

Annaberg (Saxony)

Adolf-Hitler-Strasse in 1942, now Grosse Kirchgasse

Adolf-Hitler-Strasse then and now from the other direction
 
The Thingstätte, 1936-1938. The "Kuppelhalle"was destroyed in 1946 and replaced by a Soviet memorial.
 
The former Kreisführerschule Rauschenbachmühle then, in the service of the Nazi regime, and now, a nature centre

Königsbrück (Saxony)

Adolf-Hitler-Platz in 1939 and the market today in front of the rathaus

The other view of Hitler-Platz, still with the Schwarzer Adler  but without its fountain

Radebeul
 
Villa Wach, aranyised in 1939 and appropriated from the Wach family, became the following year a national leader school as DRK Landesführerschule IV with the reichsadler affixed onto its pediment as shown in the period photograph. It also served during the war as an hospital used by the German Red Cross. After the war until 1957 it was used by the Soviet army as a gaol; today it serves as a children's and youth services centre.

Schkeuditz (Saxony)
 
The rathaus on Adolf-Hitler-Platz and today


Augustusburg    (Saxony)

 
The former Gauführerschule and today, now known simply as schloss Augustusburg. It is claimed that the furniture from the Reichschancellery was sent here before the end of the war, later to be confiscated by the Soviets. 

Kamenz (Saxony)
Bautzener Straße
Bautzen
 
Husarenkaserne during the war and today

Löbau
The Kasernenwache in 1941 and today, renamed the Jägerkaserne
 
Adolf-Hitler-Platz, today Wettiner Platz. Hitler was driven through here on October 6, 1938
Looking at Adolf-Hitler-Platz from the other direction, now the altmarkt
 
The rathaus sporting a swastika above the entrance during the Nazi era and today, flag-free

Zittau   (Saxony)
 The Grenzlandtheater in 1942 and today, the Gerhart Hauptmann theatre.


Obergurig  (Saxony)
Hans Schemm Schule, named after the founder of the National Socialist Teachers' Federation. In 1928, Schemm became a member of the Bavarian Landtag.  Systematically, Schemm prepared the local NSDAP for the election campaigns, first for the City Council in 1929. The Nazis won 9 mandates, and Schemm became factional chairman. The arrival of the Nazi faction led to frequent stormy sessions and one brawl, which were caused by the Nazi members', and in particular Schemm's, aggressive attitude[citation needed].  In 1928 and 1929, Schemm took over the leadership of several Nazi newspapers (Streiter, Weckruf and Nationale Zeitung), which he however gave up after a short time. In April 1929, Schemm founded his own newspaper, and in August of the same year appeared in the Nationalsozialistische Lehrerzeitung ("National Socialist Teachers' Newspaper"), the National Socialist Teachers League's (NSLB) journalistic organ.   On 5 March 1935, Schemm died after an aircraft crash. Hitler personally ordered Berlin Professor Ferdinand Sauerbruch to fly to Bayreuth. Schemm, however, succumbed to his injuries before the professor's arrival. His successor as Gauleiter was Fritz Wächtler.  Schemm's life was glorified by the Nazis, and somewhat even later after the Nazis were gone. In the time of the Nazi regime, though, various schools, streets, and halls in Nazi Germany were named after him.

Riesa an der Elbe (Saxony)
 
Another Hans Schemm Schule doesn't appear to have survived the war, unlike the neighbouring Pestalozzi Schule.

 Neuhausen
 
 The Schwartenberghaus with and without flags

Schmilka, Bad Schandau (Saxony)
 
The Gasthaus zur Mühle with hakenkreuz in front, and today


Plauen
 
In 1936 and the square today, sans swastika

Müglitz (Altenberg) 

 
The Gasthof zur Grenzschenkein 1942 sporting swastika flags and today- considerably run-down
Aue (Saxony)
 
Adolf-Hitler-Brücke, opened June 5, 1937  is now known as Bahnhofsbrücke


Sohland an der Spree (Saxony)

The marktplatz during the Third Reich and today


Frankenberg (Saxony)
 
Schloss Sachsenburg


Wilkau Haßlau 
 
The rathaus bedecked in swastikas during the war and now

Lauenhain
 
The SA Seesportübungslager with Schiffsnachbau in the background

Lössnitz
 
Adolf-Hitler-Platz before the war and now

Leipzig (Saxony)
 
Stentzlers Hof decked with swastikas than and now
 
The hauptbahnhof look remarkably unchanged since the 1938 postcard when swastikas flew in front considering the damage incurred after the bombing of July 7, 1944.
 
The Völkerschlachtdenkmal (Monument to the Battle of the Nations) in 1940 and today. Built to commemorate Napoleon's defeat at the 1813 Battle of Leipzig, a crucial step towards the end of hostilities in the War of the Sixth Coalition, which was seen as a victory for the German people, although Germany did not exist at that time.
It was completed in 1913 for the 100th anniversary of the battle, at a cost of 6,000,000 Goldmarks  and stands at 299 feet in height. It contains over 500 steps to a viewing platform at the top, from which there are spectacular views across the city and environs. It is said to stand on the spot of some of the bloodiest fighting, from where Napoleon ordered the retreat of his army
 
Construction of the monument in 1907 and 1912, just before the centenary of the Battle of Nations
 
Hitler speaking at the Völkerschlachtdenkmal. During the Third Reich, Hitler frequently used the monument as a venue for his meetings in Leipzig. It was here on July 16, 1933 that Hitler announced to 140,000 men of the SA, SS and the Stahlhelm

Today we are not leading a mere thirteen or seventeen million, but the entire Volk, and hence the gigantic task accrues to us of training the millions of people who do not yet inwardly belong to us to become soldiers of this Third Reich, to become soldiers of our Weltanschauung.
 
 An American soldier surveying the aftermath. The monument itself served as the backdrop for an anti-fascist demonstration in 2011. When the US army captured Leipzig on April 18, 1945, the monument was one of the last strongholds in the city to surrender. One hundred and fifty SS soldiers with ammunition and foodstuffs stored in the structure to last three months dug themselves in, but were blasted with artillery and defeated.  During the period of Communist rule in East Germany, the government of the DDR was unsure whether it should allow the monument to stand, since it was considered to represent the steadfast nationalism of the period of the German Empire. Eventually, it was decided that the monument be allowed to remain, since it represented a battle in which Russian and German soldiers had fought together against a common enemy, and was therefore representative of Deutsch-russische Waffenbrüderschaft (Russo-German brotherhood-in-arms). 
 
It was here at the Zoologischer Garten on December 11, 1932 that Hitler announced
I am the one who has fixed the price of the Movement. No one will offer it at less than that. But if anyone should ever be found to do so, he would be lost in the Party within an hour and would have no Movement behind him. We will not allow ourselves to be lured into the den of intrigue where the others are experts at the game [here clearly referring to Gregor Strasser who had been offered the post of Vice-Chancellor in a bid by the authorities to split the party]. 
Time will not wear me down. Certainly we lost thirty seats, but in the meantime our opponents have lost two governments! And the new Cabinet will not last any longer. We will regain those thirty seats. Our supply of recruits is larger than theirs, and I will place this task first and foremost and without any consideration to myself.
On January 2 the Burgfriede will be over, and on the third we will be back in the thick of the fight.
Glauchau (Saxony)

 
Glauchau railway station in 1941 and today

Oschatz
 
The Rathaus and St Aegidien church at Adolf Hitler Platz and today 

Plauen im Vogtland
 
Swastikas in the square in front of the rathaus and today

Hohenstein-Ernstthal (Saxony)
The birthplace of Karl May, Hitler's favourite author.
Adolf became gripped by the adventure stories of Karl May, whose popular tales of the Wild West and Indian wars (though May had never been to America) enthralled thousands of youngsters. Most of these youngsters graduated from the Karl May adventures and the childhood fantasies they fostered as they grew up. For Adolf, however, the fascination with Karl May never faded. As Reich Chancellor, he still read the May stories, recommending them, too, to his generals, whom he accused of lacking imagination.
Kershaw (9) Hitler
Hammerleubsdorf, Leubsdorf

 
The former Gauschule is now a pale, derelict structure

Bad Brambach (Saxony)
 
The Kapellenbergturm on the Schönberg 

Raschwitz Markkleeberg
 
The Forsthaus, back when it flew the swastika, and today 

 Eilenburg 
 
The bahnhof sporting the swastika and today

Zwickau
 
The rathaus and Gewandhaus (theatre) surrounded by swastikas on the 800th anniversary of the town. 

Lengenfeld 
 
9 km southwest of Zwickau is Lengenfeld; its town hall sporting a swastika and today 

Zwickau Planitz
 
The swimming pool looks practically unchanged since the time swastikas flew from the promenade 


Ammendorf  (Sachsen-Anhalt)
 
The fire station and war memorial in 1940 and now

The Grundschule Radewell in 1942 and today  
The corner of Hauptstrasse and Merseburger Strasse
Looking towards Merseburger Strasse

The Friedensschule in the 1930s and today

Horst-Heilmann-Strasse

The corner of Hohe Strasse and Regensburger Strasse

 Fritz-Kießling-Strasse

Views of Gärtnerstrasse a century apart


 Magdeburg (Saxony-Anhalt)
The town hall bedecked with swastikas and today
 
The Dom with the memorial to the SA in front during the NSDAP era, now gone.
The memorial replaced one removed by the Nazis (today inside the cathedral)- Barlach's Magdeburger Ehrenmal, ordered by the city to be a memorial of World War I, and expected to show heroic German soldiers fighting for their glorious country. Barlach, however, created a sculpture with three German soldiers, a fresh recruit, a young officer and an old reservist, standing in a cemetery, all bearing marks of the horror, pain and desperation of the war, flanked by a mourning war widow covering her face in despair, a skeleton wearing a German army helmet, and a civilian (the face is that of Barlach himself) with his eyes closed and blocking his ears in terror. This naturally created a controversy with the pro-war population (several nationalists and Nazis claimed that the soldiers must be foreign since true Germans would be more heroic), and the sculpture was removed. Friends of Barlach were able to hide the sculpture until after the war, when it was returned to the Magdeburg Cathedral. 
 Alfred Rosenberg, in Blut und Ehre. Ein Kampf für deutsche Wiedergeburt. Reden und Aufsätze von 1919-1933 (Munich, 1934), described Barlach’s Magdeburg War Memorial thus: ‘A mixed variety of short, undefinable sorts of people wearing semi-idiotic expressions and Soviet helmets are supposed to symbolize German home guards! I believe that every healthy SA man will pass the same judgement here as any conscious artist.’
 
Hitler spoke here at the Stadthalle on October 22, 1932
 
Hasselbachplatz then and now
After the war. Magdeburg was where the Soviets took Hitler's remains:
When the Soviets’ Operation Myth was launched in 1946 to establish the real sequence of events leading to Hitler’s death, some of Hitler’s personal staff were brought back to Berlin and the bunker, in order to point out the precise details of the suicide and subsequent burning in the garden. The bones, for the time being, were stored in Magdeburg. Of particular importance were the objects in Hitler’s personal collection. For them an aircraft was laid on as Stalin wanted his bones examined by his foremost experts. The Führer’s skull was eventually put into a paper bag and deposited in the State Archives.
(385) After the Reich
Dessau (Saxony-Anhalt) 
 
Dessau has changed considerably since it was under the hakenkreuz, as the sourroundings around the statue of Leopold I. von Anhalt-Dessau ("Der alte Dessauer") in front of the Marienkirche shows
 
The Johanniskirche used to be situated on Horst-Wessel-Platz as seen in this 1942-franked postcard
 
Hitler spoke here at the Kristallpalast in 1931
 
The rathaus in 1938, after the war (having been bombed March 4, 1945), and today 

On October 23, Hitler dispatched a telegram expressing his condolences to the widow of Gauleiter and Reichsstatthalter Loeper in Dessau who had died following a prolonged illness. Three days later Hitler attended Loeper’s funeral in Dessau where his body was interred at the Napoleonsturm, calling him an “apostle of the Movement.” From Hitler's eulogy delivered at the Friedrich Theatre:
When Fate is especially fond of a man and wishes to bestow upon him the best thing in the world, it will give him loyal friends, men who are resolved to share with him equally both joy and sorrow, men whom nothing can lead astray, men who, particularly in days of need, stand by him firm and resolute. I have been given a most generous share of this happiness and good fortune such as perhaps only few people in this world have.
Yet this happiness of so many years turns to pain when I now see how this and that member of the community of fighters is called to his Maker. When I speak here today, I am speaking as the happy—yet now so unhappy—Führer who must now accompany a member of his old guard to the grave, a man the likes of whom are rare even in our Movement.
Once he came to me when one could expect nothing more from this Movement than sacrifices and troubles, persecution and abuse. And truly it was only love of Germany which led him to that host of inseparable men who were determined to take up and pursue the battle for a new Germany against all odds. This man, with his boundless love of Germany, also had an unshakeable faith [in Adolf Hitler]. This faith was combined, in his case, with a unique loyalty [to Adolf Hitler]. He was one of the most loyal members of the old guard. During the time of struggle, we never spoke about it; no one would have understood it anyway. But today, at the bier of my dead comrade in arms, I must express it in words for German youth, that they may aspire to the same.
The new Reich was not given to us; it had to be hard won in battle, and in this fight only an over-abundance of love for Germany, of faith, of willingness to sacrifice, and of loyalty allowed [us] to triumph. That is something the German Volk must know. For it is my wish that the names of these first apostles of our Movement go down in German history for all eternity. Party comrade Loeper was a zealot, but he was more than that: a strong, self-sufficient man as hard as granite. He was persistent as only few are, untiring in his work and never swaying from the conviction: in the end we must succeed!
Hence for many of us this Party comrade was a model, in his unselfish modesty too, in his personal simplicity and in his lack of emotionalism: he was strictly a helper devoted to our great mutual cause.
Formerly the captain of the pioneers of the World War, he became a captain and pioneer of the National Socialist Weltanschauung, of our Revolution, and thus of our new German Reich. By having waged this battle in his lifetime, he lives on for us in death. He is a man for the German future. He deserves to be distinguished from the masses of hundreds of thousands and millions and be held up before the nation for all time! And this applies particularly to German youth. They shall hear this, and they shall learn from it. They shall once again realize that the old fealty was not only a virtue of the Teutons. The new Reich was built up with this virtue as its basis. This Reich would not be standing today were it not founded upon this fidelity [to Adolf Hitler].
A wonderful life has thus come to a close. Yet today we are all overcome by deep sorrow that our Party comrade, our Gauleiter and our Reichsstatthalter has been forced to leave us so soon, one of the old guard. Our hearts bleed when we see how our ranks slowly begin to thin out.
But as the old passes, so the young grows to take its place. For this old guard did not live in vain, did not struggle and fight in vain. From their work and their influence has sprung forth the richest of blessings—and Party comrade Captain Loeper was one of the most blessed of men.
 
On May 29, 1938 Hitler attended the opening of the new theatre in Dessau, the first building of its kind to have been completed during the rule of the National Socialist regime.

Tangermünde (Saxony-Anhalt)
 
Neustädter Tor in 1935 and today 

Staßfurt (Saxony-Anhalt)
  Steinstraße in 1940 and today

Osterfeld (Saxony-Anhalt)
The hometown of one of Germany's greatest war heroes, the U-boat ace Gunther Prien, these two photographs show clearly the radical changes since the war. 

Wittenberg
 
Schloßstraße with the Schloßkirche in July 1941 and today.
 
The Stadtkirche from the market square July 29, 1941 and now, from where Luther preached his famous invocavit sermons and which, in 1547 during the Schmalkaldic War, the towers' stone pyramids were removed to make platforms for cannon. 
 
In 1988, the Sculptor Wieland Schmiedel was commissioned to produce a commemorative plaque paying homage to the victims of the Holocaust. It's currently in the consistory of the church, whilst the judensau showing Jews sucking the tits and anus of a pig is allowed to be exhibited outside on the façade.  Inscribed over the obscene scene are the words Schem Ha Mphoras, claimed to posses a power Jews have which they keep protected from gentiles. This phrase is actually repeated in the commemorative plaque which reads 
 "Gottes eigentlicher Name, der geschmähte Schem Ha Mphoras, den die Juden vor den Christen fast unsagbar heilig hielten, starb in sechs Millionen Juden unter einem Kreuzeszeichen."
("God's original name, the maligned Shem Ha Mphoras, which the Jews held holy before the Christians, died in the six million Jews under the sign of the cross.") That the cross was the twisted cross of the Nazis as opposed to the Christian one, and that the phrase did not simply "die" shows how insincere and forced German attempts to say something about their collective guilt are.

The Thesentor on which Luther nailed his 95 theses. A former student's History Extended Essay on Luther's Use of Language in Allowing the Protestant Reformation to Succeed received an A from the IBO.

 Zeitz
 
The rathaus is very much as it was when located on Adolf-Hitler-Platz.The Brabag plant northeast of Zeitz which used lignite coal to synthesize ersatz oil was a significant bombing target of the Oil Campaign of the Second World War. Its forced labour was provided by the nearby Wille subcamp of Buchenwald in Rehmsdorf and Gleina.  On  August 18 1976, the Protestant clergyman Oskar Brüsewitz from Rippicha burnt himself to death in front of the Michaeliskirche. This was a protest against the DDR system.

Merseburg 
 
Postcard showing the town flanked by Hitler and Hindenburg on the 1000th anniversary of the 933 Battle of Riade, where King Henry the Fowler gained his great victory over the Hungarians in the vicinity.

Regenstein Castle 
Burg Regenstein is a ruined castle that lies three kilometres north of Blankenburg. Of this once relatively impregnable castle, which was built in the early and high Middle Ages on a 294 metre high sandstone rock towering over the surrounding area, only ruins are visible today. Several internal rooms, carved into the rock, have survived, as have the ruins of the keep. The castle is surrounded by remnants of a more recent fortress. According to legend, once upon a time one of the most beautiful young women in the land was imprisoned in the dungeon of Regenstein Castle, because she had spurned the love of the Count of Regenstein. Using a diamond ring she scratched a hole in the rock, which became so large after a year that she was able to crawl through and escape. After her escape, she returned with her family to the castle, but the count had fled. A little later, she noticed thick smoke gushing from a crack in a rock wall. When she looked through it, she saw the count in purgatory. Then, out of pity, she threw him her ring to him in order to enable the spirit of the count to rest.
 Ein grußwort zur ausstellung Gröditz UNTERM Grußwort des polnischen Botschafters, Dr. Jerzy Margański Es gibt wohl kein Ereignis in unserer Ge- schichte, das tiefere Spuren hinterlassen hätte als der Zweite Weltkrieg. Der Nazi- terror hat nicht nur den industriellen Völkermord an den Juden und anderen Minderheiten mit sich gebracht, sondern für Millionen von Opfern auch Sklaven- und Zwangsarbeit. Von den insgesamt rund 13 Millionen Menschen, die während des Krieges zur Arbeit nach Deutschland verschleppt wurden, waren allein etwa 2,8 Millionen Polen, die nach dem deutschen Überfall im September 1939 auf den Feldern und in den Rüstungsfabriken die deutsche Kriegswirtschaft aufrecht- erhielten. Die Überlebenden warteten bis in die 90er Jahre, ehe sie eine symbolische Kompensation für ihre Leiden erhielten. Die Erinnerung daran muss wach gehalten werden. Jetzt können die Zwangsarbeiterinnen und Zwangsarbeiter von einst den jungen Generationen unmittelbar klar machen, dass Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit niemals vergessen werden dürfen. Auch aktuelle Diskussionen zeigen immer wieder, wie schwierig es sein kann, Ursache und Wirkung nicht zu verwechseln und den alten Wunden keine neuen hinzuzufügen. Die Ausstellung „Gröditz unterm Hakenkreuz – NS-Zwangsarbeit im ländlichen Raum“ hilft dabei, einen sensiblen Umgang miteinander zu finden. Die Europäische Union wird erst dann zu einer europäischen Gesellschaft werden können, wenn dieser bewusste Umgang mit der Geschichte als ihr Fundament allgemein anerkannt wird. Die Zukunft können wir nur gemeinsam meistern, wenn wir aus der Vergangenheit lernen. Dies schließt überall die Be- reitschaft ein, Schloß Augustusburg Location: Schloßstrasse Today: Inside the castle are four museums. The castle is open to the public. Private belongings of Hitler and some of the interieur of the New Reichskanzlei of Berlin were maybe brought to this castle in September of 1943. Documents show that paintings, piano’s, furniture and other stuff were transported to Chemnitz. Look at www.holochaust.wetpaint.com. It’s imposssible to verifiy the authenticity of the documents on internet. The explanation for the transportations seems to be that a ‘new’ Reichkanzlei was made there (because of the plans Hitler had to start a biological war against the allied forces). The Sachsenburg near Frankenberg is said to have had an underground connection to the Augustusburg where a biological institute of the Wehrmacht was located. On the edge of Chemnitz-South a communication-centre was built underneath the houses on Zschopauer Strasse (on the Schenkenberg). until now we can’t say if this story has any truth in it or is pure speculation. Two pictures of the Schloß Augustusburg today AUGUSTUSBURG (CHEMNITZ) CHEMNITZ Marmorpalast (5) Location: Limbacher Strasse Today: The building is empty. On November 16, 1927 Hitler held a speech at the Marmorpalast in Chemnitz. On the second of April of 1928 Hitler was back in the Marmorpalast for another speech. The Marmorpalast doesn’t seem to be in such great shape anymore Kaufmännisches Vereinshaus (6) Location: Corner Moritzstrasse/ Zschopauerstrasse Today: In 1945 the building was destroyed. On June 19, 1930 Hitler held a speech at this location in Chemnitz. Pictures of the historical building can be found on www.historisches-chemnitz.de. On June 7, 1931 and on December 11, 1932 Hitler spoke here again. A postcard of the Kaufmännische Vereinshaus Städtischen Südkampfbahn (7) Location: Werner-Seelenbinder-Strasse Today: In 1938 the Südkampfbahn was renovated, today it’s called Sportforum. On June 7, 1931 Hitler held a speech at the Südkampfbahn in Chemnitz, for 16.000 people. On April 3, 1932 45.000 people gathered to watch Hitler speak at the stadium. The Südkampfbahn in 1930 (source: www.chemnitzer74.de) The Sportforum (source: www.wikipedia.de) DRESDEN On February 13-15 of 1945 Dresden was almost completely ruïned by allied bombs. Infarmation about Hitler in Dresden is hard to find. We already received some good information about Hitler in Dresden, but a lot of details are still unknown to us. Please send us an e-mail when you’ve got more information about dates and locations. Circus Sarrasani (8) Location: Carolaplatz Today: The original building has gone. Hitler came to the Zirkus Sarrasani on September 18, 1928 to give a speech. On June 21, 1930 and on December 11, 1932 he spoke there again. Left: Zirkus Sarrasani in 1910, with behind it the Dreikönigskirche (picture: public domain, wikipedia) Right: An impression of the old Zirkus Sarrasani (source: www.wikipedia.de) Speech for the Nationalen Klub Sachsen Location: Unknown On April 11, 1930 Hitler was in Dresden for a speech for the Nationalen Klub of Sachsen. Radrennbahn Reick (10) Location: Oskar Röderstrasse 1, near the Galopprennbahn Today: Still there On April 3, 1932 Hitler spoke at the Radrennbahn Reick. The Deutsche Fotothek (look for it on the internet) has a picture of the Radrennbahn. Radrennbahn Reick during a politcal campaign on 19 july 1932 Reichsautobahn Dresden-Meerane Location: Location opening unknown On June 23, 1937 Hitler opened the highway between Dresden and Meerane. He held a speech there for the roadworkers. Hitler at the opening of the highway Dresden-Meerane (picture: http://www.napolun.com) Semperoper Location: Theaterplatz 2 (than called Adolf-Hitler-Platz) Today: The Sempertheater is still there. On May 27, 1934 Hitler opened the German Theaterweek (Reichstheaterfestwoche). Hitler attended Wagners Tristan and Isolde that was played. He stayed in Dresden until 30 May, but what his activities were, is unknown to me. He might have visited an army base. Who knows what Hitler did in Dresden during those days? The Semperoper after 1880 (picture: public domain, wikipedia) The Semperoper today (picture: www.wikipedia.de) Next to the Gaststätte Italienischen Dörfchen, was the old hotel Bellevue. The picture shows the Gaststätte. (picture: www.wikipedia.de) Hotel Bellevue (11) Location: Theaterplatz, next to the Gaststätte Italienischen Dörfchen (Theaterplatz 3) Today: On the other side of the river Elbe a new hotel reopened in 1985. It is called the Westin Bellevue Hotel. On May 29 and 30, 1934 Hitler was in Dresden. On the 29th he spoke for leaders of the SA inside the hotel Bellevue. On the next day he held a speech for local leaders of the NSDAP (location unknown). After that he went to Berlin. Cruise on the river Elbe (12a-12b) Location: The river Elbe, from Dresden to Schandau Today: The hotel where Hitler and the Wagners staid is unknown. Hitler was in Dresden on 7 and 8 Mai, 1936. The Wagner children came to visit him at his hotel and made a cruise on the river Elbe with him. The next morning Winifred Wagner arrived at the hotel. They had breakfast and after that Hitler and the Wagners drove to Bayreuth. Hitler went to his hotel (Bube) in Bad Berneck. The river Elbe near Dresden Sportpalast Location: Unknown A source I used states that on July 23, 1932 Hitler spoke at the Sportpalast in Dresden for 100.000 people, but I’ve found no information about a building called Sportpalast in Dresden. The most famous Sportpalast in Germany is obviously the one in Berlin. Hitler did do a speecj on that day in Dresden. Does anybody know more about this speech? The courtyard of the Zwinger today (picture: public domain, wikipedia) Zwinger (12) Location: Theaterplatz 1 Today: The Zwinger building was badly damaged in the war. It was restored after it. In 1936 Hitler visited the Zwinger in Dresden. He was in Dresden on 7 and 8 Mai, 1936. The Wagner children came to visit him at his hotel and made a cruise on the river Elbe with him. FREIBERG Tivolisaal (13) Location: Dr.-Külz-Straße 3 Today: Still there Hitler spoke at the Tivolisaal in Freiberg on June 11, 1930. Tivoli today GLAUCHAU Exerzierhalle (14) Location: Unknown Hitler spoke at the Exerzierhalle on April 25, 1929. Völkerschlachtdenkmal (17) Location: Prager Strasse/An der Tabaksmühle On July 16, 1933 Hitler was in Leipzig on occasion of the so called Sachsentreffen on the Gauparteitag in Leipzig. Hitler spoke for 140.000 people at the Völkerschlachtdenkmal. Left: The Völkerschlachtdenkmal today (picture: www.wikipedia.de) Right: Hitler at the Sachsentreffen Goebbels, Hitler and Röhm at the Sachsentreffen (picture: Hitler's Handlangers, 2004) Oper Leipzig - Neues Theater (16) Location: Augustusplatz 12 Today: The old opera house on the Augustusplatz (Neuen Theater) was ruined in the war. On the same spot the new opera house (Opernhaus Leipzig) was built between 1956 and 1960. It is said Hitler visited the operahouse in Leipzig. The picture below (when enlarged) shows Hitler sitting in the front row, next to the aisle. I’m not completely sure if this is the inside of the Neue Theater. If you know more about this, please send us an e-mail. Left: The old operahouse Centre: The new operahouse Right: Hitler inside the old operahouse in Leipzig. When enlarged the picture shows him sitting on the aisle in the front row. Hotel Sachsenhof (19) Location: Johannisplatz ½ Today: Ruined in the war. On February 18, 1928 Hitler spoke to at a Reichsführer-meeting at the hotel Sachsenhof. An old postcard of the Johannisplatz Hotel Sachsenhof in 1901 (picture: public domain, wikipedia) Zoologischer Garten/ Leipziger Zoo (20) Location: Pfaffendorfer Strasse 29 Today: Still there Hitler spoke at the Zoo in Leipzig in May 1928, May 1929, June 1930 and December 1932. The entrance of the Zoo Park Meusdorf (18) Location: Near the Prager Strasse Today: Still there, the Völkerschlachtdenkmal is there. Hitler spoke at the Meusdorf Park on March 4, 1932. A postcard of a hall in the Meusdorf Park Grundsteinlegung Richard-Wagner-Nationaldenkmal (21) Location: Richard-Wagner-Hain, between Jahnallee and Am Elsterbecken Today: The Denkmal was never realised. Only the open space reminds of the plans to built a national Wagner-Denkmal. It has become a park. Don’t mistake this location for the other Richard-Wagner-Denkmale in Leipzig. On March 6, 1934 Hitler held a speech on occasion of laying the first stone of the Richard-Wagner-Nationaldenkmal. Emil Hipp was going to built it. He already started in 1932. The different parts of the Denkmal were ready in 1944, but they were never brought together in Leipzig. Today they are spread all over Germany. Hitler and Goebbels in Leipzig on March 6, 1934 (picture: Hitler's Handlangers, 2004) Austellungshalle of the Messegelände Location: Alte Messegelände, maybe it’s the Messehalle Achillion-Sowjetischer Pavillion (Messehalle 12) Today: If this is the right location the hall was damaged in the war. Not sure about the situation today. Hitler spoke here on July 23, 1932. Speech at the Deutscher Juristentag 1933 Location: Unknown On October 4, 1933 Hitler spoke at the Deutschen Juristentag in Leipzig. The Juristentag was a yearly returning event. The organisation that was responsible for it, seems to have dissolved in 1933. Under the National Socialist flag an event took place under the same name: Deutscher Juristentag 1933. In 1949 the ‘original’ Verein was refounded. Speech 1938 Location: Unknown Hitler held a speech at an unknown location in Leipzig on March 26, 1938. Speech 1936 Location: Unknown On March 26, 1936 Hitler visited Leipzig and held a speech there. Halle des Vereins dt. Maschinenbauanstalten Location: Unknown Hitler spoke at this hall on April 3, 1932. The Gewandhaus in 1900 (picture: public domain, wikipedia) Second Gewandhaus - Konzerthaus (1884) (21a) Location: Grassistraße/Beethovenstraße Today: The second Gewandhaus was bombed several times in the war. After the war the location was used as a parking area. Today the University of Leipzig has a building here. On February 13, 1933 Hitler was the guest of honour at the anniversary of the 50th dying day of Richard Wagner at the Gewandhaus in Leipzig. Winifred Wagner and Adolf Hitler insisde th Leipziger Gewandhaus on February 13, 1933 (picture: Hamann, 2003) Hitler somewhere in Leipzig in 1933 Marinus van der Lubbe in the courthouse of Leipzig The Leipzig courthouse today Das Reichsgericht (Reichswehr-trial and Reichstagbrand-trial) (15) Location: Simsonplatz, near the Beethovestrasse Today: Bundesverwaltungsgericht. On September 23, 1930 a trial against three officers of the Reichswehr started because they were said to have had plans for a putsch together with the NSDAP. The trial gave Hitler the change to show the world (press from all over the world were present) that his party had become legal. Hitler used the court for his proganda. The trial ended on October 4, with a sentence of 18 month for both officers. In this same courthouse Marinus van der Lubbe was sentenced to death because he set fire to the Reichstag. The proces against Van der Lubbe took place on September 21, 1933 in Leipzig. On January 10, 1934 he was beheaded (also in Leipzig), because of high treason. In 1923, after the failed putsch, Hitler should have been put to trial in Leipzich, but in München they were afraid the court in Leipzig would give Hitler and Ludendorf the death penalty. Hitler was in Leipzig in 1933, according to a picture of him saluting a passing parade. LEIPZICH Prater Location: Unknown Hitler was in Plauen on June 11 and 12, 1925. He spoke at the Prater on the 11th and the 12th. Speech Location: Unknown Hitler was in Plauen again on October 6, 1925. What he was doing, is not clear yet. Festhalle (Schützenfesthalle) (23) Location: Schützenplatz, Aussere Reichenbacherstrasse 4 Today: The Centralhalle has gone since 1945. In 1983 the rest of the original building was taken down. A new building has replaced it. Hitler was in Plauen on June 11 and 12, 1925. He spoke at the Festhalle on the 11th and at the Prater. A demonstration of the SPD against the nazi’s took place on the Altmarkt. On May 5, 1928 Hitler held another speech at this location and in June 1930 he also spoke at the Festhalle. The Altmarkt today PLAUEN Schützenplatz Location: Unknown On April 3, 1932 Hitler started a tour by plane, visiting 21 German towns. On the third of April he spoke in Dresden, Chemnitz, Leipzig and Plauen. Cancelled play of Siegfried Wagner Location: Theater After an important speech on February 27, 1925 Hitler was driven towards Plauen where he was going to see an opera of Siegfried Wagner. He spend the night at Villa Wahnfried in Bayreuth. On February 28, when he already was in Plauen, he heard that Reichspresident Friedrich Ebert had died. The theatres remained closed. Hitler brought back Winifred Wagner to Bayreuth and was driven back to München. Neumarkt (22) Location: Neumarkt Today: Still there On October 6, 1938 Hitler drove through Löbau, after arriving in his Sonderzug. A picture shows him in his Mercedes on the Neumarkt. He was heading for the Sudetenland. He was in Rumburg and Friedland on the same day. Hitler on the Neumarkt (picture: www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de) LÖBAU WEINBÖHLA Zentralgasthof (24) Location: Kirchplatz 2 Today: Still there On April 8, 1928 Hitler held a speech at the Zentralgasthof in Weinböhla. WERDAU Festhalle (25) Location: Unknown On June 16, 1930 Hitler held a speech at the Festhalle in Werdau. ZITTAU Kronensälen (26) Location: Unknown On May 9, 1929 Hitler held a speech at this location. Schießwiese Location: Zittau-East Today: Unknown Hitler spoke at the Schießwiese on July 23, 1932. Lindenhof, Theater and Gaststätte (27) Location: Marienthaler Strasse 53 Today: Taken down in 2003 Hitler spoke at the Lindenhof at July 15, 1925. Neue Welt (28) Location: Leipziger Strasse 182 Today: Still there Hitler spoke at the Neue Welt on April 5, 1928. The Neue Welt today ZWICKAU Sportplatz behind the Schwanenschloß (29), (30) Location: Schwanenteich, on the Parkstraße. Near the same street is another location that could have been a Sportplatz. Today: Not sure On October 23, 1932 Hitler spoke to 100.000 people that gathered at the Sportplatz. A postcard of the Schwanenschloss and the lake Schwanenteich BAD ELSTER Münchener Hof (3) Location: Unknown Hitler came to Bad Elster on September 14, 1928. He held a speech at the Münchener Hof. ANNABERG (ANNABERG-BUCHHOLZ) Festhalle (1) Location: Unknown Hitler held a speech at the Festhalle in Annaberg on April 17, 1929. BAUTZEN Kronesälen (4) Location: Unknown Hitler came to Bautzen on June 6, 1930 for a speech at the Kronesälen. Sportplatz Spielvereinigung Hummel Location: Unknown Hitler spoke at this Sportplatz on July 23,1932. HOME - BIBLIOGRAPHY - PICTURES - LINKS - MURDERING HITLER - FHQ’s - NEWS HOME - BIBLIOGRAPHY - PICTURES - LINKS - MURDERING HITLER - FHQ’s - NEWS BUNDESLÄNDER. NORDR.-WESTFALEN. BAD.-WURTEMBERG. RHEINL.-PFALZ - SAARLAND. NIEDERSACHSEN. SCHLESW.-HOLSTEIN - HAMBURG. BAYERN. BRANDENBURG. THURINGEN. HESSEN. SACHSEN-ANHALT. MECKLB.-VORPOMMERN. The two most important cities of Sachsen on this page are Dresden and Leipzig. Hitler visited both places several times. A famous Hitler location in Sachsen is the Völkerschlachtdenkmal in Leipzig, also the city were Marinus van der Lubbe was sentenced to death. 1. Festhalle, Annaberg 2. Schloß, Augustusburg 3. Münchener Hof, Bad Münster 4. Bautzen 5. Marmerpalast, Chemnitz 6. Vereinshaus, Chemnitz 7. Südkampfbahn, Chemnitz 8. Circus Sarrasani, Dresden 9. Semperoper, Dresden 10. Radrennbahn Reick, Dresden 11. Hotel Bellevue, Dresden 12. Zwinger, Dresden 12a. + 12b. Elbe 12c. Rathaus, Dresden 13. Tivolisaal, Freiberg 14. Exerzierhalle, Glauchau 15. Reichsgericht, Leipzig 16. Oper, Leipzig 17. Völkerschlachtdenkmal, Leipzig 18. Park Meusdorf, Leipzig 19. Hotel Sachsenhof, Leipzig 20. Zoologischer Garten, Leipzig 21. Richard-Wagner-Denkmal, Leipzig 21a. Gewandhaus, Leipzig 22. Neumarkt, Löbau 23. Festhalle, Plauen 24. Zentralgasthof, Weinböhla 25. Festhalle, Werdau 26. Zittau 27. Lindenhof, Zwickau 28. Neue Welt, Zwickau 29. + 30. Sportplatz, Zwickau SACHSEN THE HITLER PAGES HISTORICAL HITLER SITES Sachsen weergeven op een grotere kaart DELITZSCH Communist roadblock Location: Unknown In April 1923 Adolf Hitler, Putzi Hanfstaengl and driver Emile Maurice went on a trip from München to Berlin. On the way there they got stopped by communists in or near Delitzsch. Hanfstaengl, trying to get passed the roadblock without problems, said that Hitler was his servant and Maurice his driver. Hitler was not recognised. Rathaus (12c) Location: Dr.-Külz-Ring/Rathausplatz Today: Bombed in 1945, restored after the war. In the Illustrierter Beobachter of 1936 was a picture of Adolf Hitler at the Rathaus of Dresden looking at plans for a viaduct across one of the highways in the area. Hitler with Brigadeführer Schaub, Reichsminister Rust and Reichsstatthalter Rutschmann (picture: Illustrierter Beobachter, 1936) die Wahrheit auszusprechen und zu akzeptieren. Die Projektgruppe „Zwangsarbeit“ e.V., die das Projekt „...unterm Hakenkreuz – NS-Zwangsarbeit im ländlichen Raum“ initiiert hat, leistet mit ihrer Arbeit einen Beitrag dazu, dass Deutsche und Polen gegenseitiges Verständnis fürein- ander entwickeln. Nur auf der Grundlage des Respekts vor den Opfern des Nationalsozialismus kann ein gemeinsames europäisches Gedächtnis entstehen. Wir wollen hoffen, dass die Ausstellung große Resonanz findet und zu einem Erfolg im Sinne eines aufgeklärten, zukunftsorientierten Europas wird. Impressum Text: Projektgruppe „Zwangsarbeit” e.V. Gestaltung Plakat/Flyer: SQUICK print web media, Simon Singer Kuratoren der Ausstellung: Jan Jansen, Constanze Wolk V.i.S.d.P. Chris Humbs, Vorstand, Projektgruppe „Zwangsarbeit” e. V. Internet: www.projektgruppe-zwangsarbeit.de gefördert durch die weitere Förderer, Kooperationspartner und Unterstützer: HAKENKREUZ NS-ZWANGSARBEIT IM LÄNDLICHEN RAUM LANDESZENTRALE FÜR POLITISCHE BILDUNG u.v.m. Bildnachweise Ausstellung 27. April - 23. Mai 2013 Bild 1: Bild 2: Bild 3: Bild 4: Bild 5: Bild 6: Bild 7: Bild 8: Bild 9: Wehrmachtsoffiziere und Zwangsarbeiterinnen, vermutlich Sowjetunion, undatiert, Quelle: Deutsches Historisches Museum Berlin Porträt Antonina Dorogowa, 1944, Quelle: Privatbesitz Porträt Mark Markowitsch Gawrisch, um 2002, Quelle: Sacharov Zentrum Moskau Porträt Alexej Tkatschenko, 2013, Quelle: Projektgruppe „Zwangsarbeit” e.V. Eugeniusz Laskowski aus Polen auf der Weide in Merzdorf, 1942, Quelle: Stiftung „Polnisch-Deutsche Aussöhnung” Sowjetische Zwangsarbeiter auf einem Hof in Glaubitz, undatiert, Quelle: Privatbesitz Kriegsproduktion im Stahlwerk Gröditz, 1944, Quelle: Betriebsarchiv Schmiedewerke Gröditz Friedrich Flick bei den Nürnberger Prozessen, 1947, Quelle: Bildarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz Sowjetische Kriegsgefangene im Lager des Gröditzer Stahlwerks, undatiert, Quelle: Privatbesitz Kulturstätte Wolf Reppiser Straße 35 D-01609 Gröditz (Sachsen) Öffnungszeiten Dienstag-Sonntag 11.00 - 19.00 Uhr Eintritt frei Bild 10 und 11: Schülerinnen und Schüler der Siegfried Richter Mittelschule Gröditz bei der Projektarbeit, 2012/2013, Quelle: Projektgruppe „Zwangsarbeit” e. V. Bild 12: Porträt des polnischen Botschafters in Deutschland, Dr. Jerzy Margański, 2013, Quelle: Botschaft der Republik Polen in Deutschland Führungen für Gruppen und Schulklassen können – auch außerhalb der Öffnungszeiten – telefonisch unter 030-76236460 oder 0160-2768631 vereinbart werden. Unsere Sklaven Wer das erinnern nicht kultiviert, Damals bei uns – unsere Geschichte fördert das Vergessen – Geschichte erleben Am Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs waren es mehr als 13 Millionen Männer, Frauen und Kinder aus ganz Europa, die im nationalsozia- listischen Deutschland Zwangsarbeit leisten mussten – auch in und rund um Gröditz. Sie schufteten auf den Feldern der Landwirte, beim Metzger, Schuster und Bäcker ebenso wie in den örtlichen Industriebetrieben. Die Projektgruppe „Zwangsarbeit” e.V. hat wichtige Elemente dieser Regionalgeschichte unter wissenschaftlichen Kriterien für diese Ausstellung aufgearbeitet. Die Präsentation liefert einen detailreichen Überblick zum Einsatz der Zwangsarbeiter in Gröditz und Umgebung. Erstmals werden auch Aussagen zur quantitativen Dimension der in der Region geleisteten Zwangsarbeit getroffen. „Wir wurden in einer Reihe aufgestellt, wie Sklaven ... Es gingen Leute herum und haben sich die Arbeiter ausgesucht ... Wir wurden dann später abgeholt und in einen Waggon gesetzt. Wir wussten nicht wohin und warum wir fahren.“ Antonina Dorogowa, 1942-1945 russische Zwangsarbeiterin im Stahlwerk in Gröditz und in der Landwirtschaft „Bei uns auf dem Rücken stehen zwei Buchstaben: ,SU‘ – Sowjetunion. ,Schnell arbeiten! Schnell, schnell, russisches Schwein!‘, bellt der Meister die abgezehr- ten, unter dem Gewicht der Schwellen gebeugten Sklaven an ... Neben den körperlichen Leiden versuchen die Vertre- ter der ,höheren‘ Rasse uns auch seelische Schmerzen zuzufügen.“ Mark Markowitsch Gawrisch, 1944-1945 als sowjetischer Kriegsgefangener bei der Deutschen Reichsbahn in Wülknitz eingesetzt „Die Wärter kümmerten sich um die Disziplin und liefen mit Peitschen herum. Aber es gab auch viele umgängliche Menschen.“ Alexej Tkatschenko, 1942-1945 ukrainischer Zwangsarbeiter im Zellstoffwerk „Kübler & Niethammer” in Gröditz Wie viele Zwangsarbeiter gab es in Gröditz und Umgebung? Woher kamen sie, wo waren sie untergebracht und wie lebten sie? Wie gingen ihre deutschen Arbeitgeber mit ihnen um, wie ihre deutschen Kollegen? All diese Fragen versucht die Ausstellung „Gröditz unterm Hakenkreuz – NS-Zwangsarbeit im ländlichen Raum“ zu beant- worten. Sie informiert über das „Damals bei uns”, erzählt Geschichte in zum Teil sehr persönlichen Schicksalen. Sie setzt auf Beispiele und erhebt damit bewusst keinen Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit. So ist das Projekt auch als Fundament für eine weitere Forschungsarbeit gedacht. Es soll für einen bewussten Umgang mit Geschichte sensibilisieren. Eine Einführung zum Thema Zwangsarbeit bieten zentrale Teile der internationalen Wanderausstellung „Zwangsarbeit. Die Deutschen, die Zwangsarbeiter und der Krieg”, die Ende 2010 im Berliner Jüdischen Museum eröffnet wurde. Elemente daraus konnten für das Gröditzer Projekt zur Verfügung gestellt werden. In Form eines Schülerprojekts beteiligte sich die Klasse 8b der Siegfried Richter Mittelschule Gröditz an der Aufarbeitung der Geschichte der NS-Zwangsarbeit in ihrer Heimat. Unterstützt durch die Projektgruppe „Zwangsarbeit“ e. V. führten die Schüler zum Beispiel Interviews mit Zeitzeugen aus der Region und dokumentierten deren Erinnerungen. Zudem setzten sie sich ge- meinsam mit Schülern des Gymnasiums Lovosice (CZ) in einem grenzübergreifenden Seminar mit der Erinnerungskultur – dem öffentlichen Gedenken an die Zeit des Nationalsozialismus in Gröditz und dem tschechischen Lovosice – auseinander. Die Arbeitsergebnisse sind Bestandteil der Ausstellung. Schülerinnen und Schüler der Klasse 8b der Siegfried Richter Mittelschule Gröditz zum Projekt: „Es war interessant zu erfahren, wie das Leben der Zwangs- arbeiter damals war. Wie hart sie arbeiten mussten ist sehr erschreckend für mich.“ Laura Quickert, 14 Jahre „Ich finde es gut, dass man auf dieses Thema aufmerksam macht und es nicht einfach unter den Tisch kehrt.“ Patrick Half, 13 Jahre „Das Beste war das Zeitzeugeninterview, weil man da nicht allgemeine Sachen über den 2. Weltkrieg erfahren hat, sondern die persönliche Sicht einer Person, die es miterlebt hat.“ Nadine Unger, 14 Jahre Die Ausstellung wirft auch einen Blick hinter den Mythos Friedrich Flick: einst einer der reichsten Deutschen, Firmenpatriarch, Bundesverdienstkreuzträger, SS-Financier und NSDAP-Mitglied, Arisierungsprofiteur und in Nürnberg verurteilter Kriegsverbre- cher. In seinen Fabriken setzte er zehntausende Zwangsarbeiter ein und sicherte durch ihre Sklavenarbeit seinen Reichtum – auch an dem zu den Mitteldeutschen Stahlwerken gehörenden Standort in Gröditz. Allein im Gröditzer Stahlwerk wurden gegen Ende des Krieges mehr als 5.000 Zwangsarbeiter beschäftigt – darunter hunderte KZ-Häftlinge. Das war mehr als die Hälfte der Gesamtbelegschaft des Betriebes. Mehr Informationen unter: www.projektgruppe-zwangsarbeit.de oder www.facebook.com/projektgruppezwangsarbeit Die Organisatoren behalten sich vor, einzelne Personen oder Gruppen von der Ausstellung und den Veranstaltungen des Begleitprogramms auszuschließen.