Showing posts with label Glauchau. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Glauchau. Show all posts

Remaining Nazi Sites in Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt

Annaberg (Saxony)

Adolf-Hitler-Strasse in 1942, now Grosse Kirchgasse

Adolf-Hitler-Strasse then and now from the other direction
 
The Thingstätte, 1936-1938. The "Kuppelhalle"was destroyed in 1946 and replaced by a Soviet memorial.
 
The former Kreisführerschule Rauschenbachmühle then, in the service of the Nazi regime, and now, a nature centre

Königsbrück (Saxony)

Adolf-Hitler-Platz in 1939 and the market today in front of the rathaus

The other view of Hitler-Platz, still with the Schwarzer Adler  but without its fountain

Radebeul
A village Radebeul was first mentioned in 1349. In 1905 it absorbed the neighboring village of Serkowitz. On April 1, 1924 Radebeul became a town. Meanwhile, the neighboring village of Kötzschenbroda had taken over Lindenau in 1920 and Naundorf, Zitzschewig und Niederlößnitz by 1924, when it was made a town as well. In 1934 Wahnsdorf and Oberlößnitz joined Radebeul, and on January 1, 1935 the towns of Kötzschenbroda and Radebeul were united under the name of Radebeul ("Kötzschenbroda" having a Slavic root, this name was considered too "ungermanic" at the time). In 1947 Radebeul was made part of the district of Dresden. In 1995 it received the status of a major town inside the rural district (große Kreisstadt); when the rural district of Dresden (Dresden-Land) was dissolved, Radebeul became part of the district of Meißen. Transportation  The town can be reached by Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe tram route 4 or by Dresden S-Bahn line S1, which serves four stations in Radebeul. Deutsche Bahn regional trains 18 and 50 also stop at Radebeul Ost station. Radebeul Ost is also the terminus of the historic Radebeul–Radeburg narrow-gauge steam railway and the station closest to the Karl May Museum. Controversy over Native American scalps at Karl May Museum  Despite the fact that Native American remains are sacred items, the Karl May Museum keeps and displays several actual Native American scalps. One of the scalps was obtained in the U.S. in 1904 by Karl May's friend, Patty Frank, who bought the scalp from Dakota Chief Swift Hawk for two bottles of whiskey, a bottle of apricot brandy and $100. Swift Hawk had cut the scalp from a member of the Ojibwe (Chippewa) Tribe.[2] Cecil Pavlat, an official with the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians in Michigan, called the museum's act of displaying the scalps "inappropriate and unacceptable," and said, "These are human remains which should be buried respectfully and should never have been taken from the tribe in the first place." Members of the Chippewa Tribe say they are considering staging a protest at the annual Karl May Festival in Radebeul in May 2014.[3] Public Services and Health Care  The volunteer fire department of Radebeul looks back on a long tradition, being founded in 1897 and thus making it the oldest department of the city.  Today the volunteer fire department of Radebeul consists of four separate quarter departments: Radebeul-Ost, Kötzschenbroda (Naundorf), Lindenau and Wahnsdord. Each of the departments has his own junior firefighter section. The quarter department of Radebeul-Kötzschenbroda was founded 2008 in the course of the construction of a rescue central station in Radebeul West. In the process the volunteer fire departments of Radebeul-West and Naundorf where consolidated. The rescue central station also houses the "Technisches Hilfswerk Radebeul"  In 2011 the departments counted 136 members in total, 99 on active duty and 37 members in the elderly and honor department. The junior firefighter section had overall a number of 64 young members.  In 2012 the department got his long desired flag of honor. The assets cost (including gear) totaled a sum of around 12000 Euro, which were gathered through donations (citizen and companys alike). Every donator had the possibility to signature one of the flag nails with his name. The donation period lasted from March to the end of July 2012, enabling the makings of the flag in September. The flag consecration took place at the 08.11.2012. The departments of Meißen, Moritzburg and Coswig were invited to this ceremony. The flag consecration sponsorship was picked up by the county fire fighter organization of Meißen. As the patron stepped in the president of the parliament of Saxony, Dr. Rößler. The flag currently is stored at the city hall in Radebeul.

 
Villa Wach, aranyised in 1939 and appropriated from the Wach family, became the following year a national leader school as DRK Landesführerschule IV with the reichsadler affixed onto its pediment as shown in the period photograph. It also served during the war as an hospital used by the German Red Cross. After the war until 1957 it was used by the Soviet army as a gaol; today it serves as a children's and youth services centre.

Schkeuditz (Saxony)
 
The rathaus on Adolf-Hitler-Platz and today


Augustusburg    (Saxony)

 
The former Gauführerschule and today, now known simply as schloss Augustusburg. It is claimed that the furniture from the Reichschancellery was sent here before the end of the war, later to be confiscated by the Soviets. 

Kamenz (Saxony)
Birthplace of  Bruno Hauptmann, convicted kidnapper of the son of Charles Lindbergh.

 
Bautzener Straße

Bautzen
During World War II and the Nazi era, there was a subcamp of the Groß-Rosen concentration camp in Bautzen. Ernst Thälmann was imprisoned there before being deported to Buchenwald. Between 21 April and 30 April 1945, the Battle of Bautzen was fought.
 
Husarenkaserne during the war and today

Löbau
 
The Kasernenwache in 1941 and today, renamed the Jägerkaserne
 
Adolf-Hitler-Platz, today Wettiner Platz. Hitler was driven through here on October 6, 1938
Looking at Adolf-Hitler-Platz from the other direction, now the altmarkt
 
The rathaus sporting a swastika above the entrance during the Nazi era and today, flag-free

Zittau   (Saxony)
 The Grenzlandtheater in 1942 and today, the Gerhart Hauptmann theatre.


Obergurig  (Saxony)
Hans Schemm Schule, named after the founder of the National Socialist Teachers' Federation. In 1928, Schemm became a member of the Bavarian Landtag.  Systematically, Schemm prepared the local NSDAP for the election campaigns, first for the City Council in 1929. The Nazis won 9 mandates, and Schemm became factional chairman. The arrival of the Nazi faction led to frequent stormy sessions and one brawl, which were caused by the Nazi members', and in particular Schemm's, aggressive attitude[citation needed].  In 1928 and 1929, Schemm took over the leadership of several Nazi newspapers (Streiter, Weckruf and Nationale Zeitung), which he however gave up after a short time. In April 1929, Schemm founded his own newspaper, and in August of the same year appeared in the Nationalsozialistische Lehrerzeitung ("National Socialist Teachers' Newspaper"), the National Socialist Teachers League's (NSLB) journalistic organ.   On 5 March 1935, Schemm died after an aircraft crash. Hitler personally ordered Berlin Professor Ferdinand Sauerbruch to fly to Bayreuth. Schemm, however, succumbed to his injuries before the professor's arrival. His successor as Gauleiter was Fritz Wächtler.  Schemm's life was glorified by the Nazis, and somewhat even later after the Nazis were gone. In the time of the Nazi regime, though, various schools, streets, and halls in Nazi Germany were named after him.

Riesa an der Elbe (Saxony)
 
Another Hans Schemm Schule doesn't appear to have survived the war, unlike the neighbouring Pestalozzi Schule.

 Neuhausen
 
 The Schwartenberghaus with and without flags

Schmilka, Bad Schandau (Saxony)
 
The Gasthaus zur Mühle with hakenkreuz in front, and today


Müglitz (Altenberg) 
 
The Gasthof zur Grenzschenkein 1942 sporting swastika flags and today- considerably run-down
Aue (Saxony)
 
Adolf-Hitler-Brücke, opened June 5, 1937  is now known as Bahnhofsbrücke

Wernsdorf 
 
No Nazi flag outside the Gasthaus Weißes Roß anymore

Sohland an der Spree (Saxony)

The marktplatz during the Third Reich and today


Frankenberg (Saxony)
 
Schloss Sachsenburg


Wilkau Haßlau 
 
The rathaus bedecked in swastikas during the war and now


Lauenhain
 
The SA Seesportübungslager with Schiffsnachbau in the background

Lössnitz
 
Adolf-Hitler-Platz before the war and now

Leipzig (Saxony)
 
Stentzlers Hof decked with swastikas than and now
 
The hauptbahnhof look remarkably unchanged since the 1938 postcard when swastikas flew in front considering the damage incurred after the bombing of July 7, 1944.
 
The Völkerschlachtdenkmal (Monument to the Battle of the Nations) in 1940 and today. Built to commemorate Napoleon's defeat at the 1813 Battle of Leipzig, a crucial step towards the end of hostilities in the War of the Sixth Coalition, which was seen as a victory for the German people, although Germany did not exist at that time.
It was completed in 1913 for the 100th anniversary of the battle, at a cost of 6,000,000 Goldmarks  and stands at 299 feet in height. It contains over 500 steps to a viewing platform at the top, from which there are spectacular views across the city and environs. It is said to stand on the spot of some of the bloodiest fighting, from where Napoleon ordered the retreat of his army
 
Construction of the monument in 1907 and 1912, just before the centenary of the Battle of Nations
 
Hitler speaking at the Völkerschlachtdenkmal. During the Third Reich, Hitler frequently used the monument as a venue for his meetings in Leipzig. It was here on July 16, 1933 that Hitler announced to 140,000 men of the SA, SS and the Stahlhelm

Today we are not leading a mere thirteen or seventeen million, but the entire Volk, and hence the gigantic task accrues to us of training the millions of people who do not yet inwardly belong to us to become soldiers of this Third Reich, to become soldiers of our Weltanschauung.
 
 An American soldier surveying the aftermath. The monument itself served as the backdrop for an anti-fascist demonstration in 2011. When the US army captured Leipzig on April 18, 1945, the monument was one of the last strongholds in the city to surrender. One hundred and fifty SS soldiers with ammunition and foodstuffs stored in the structure to last three months dug themselves in, but were blasted with artillery and defeated.  During the period of Communist rule in East Germany, the government of the DDR was unsure whether it should allow the monument to stand, since it was considered to represent the steadfast nationalism of the period of the German Empire. Eventually, it was decided that the monument be allowed to remain, since it represented a battle in which Russian and German soldiers had fought together against a common enemy, and was therefore representative of Deutsch-russische Waffenbrüderschaft (Russo-German brotherhood-in-arms). 
 
It was here at the Zoologischer Garten on December 11, 1932 that Hitler announced
I am the one who has fixed the price of the Movement. No one will offer it at less than that. But if anyone should ever be found to do so, he would be lost in the Party within an hour and would have no Movement behind him. We will not allow ourselves to be lured into the den of intrigue where the others are experts at the game [here clearly referring to Gregor Strasser who had been offered the post of Vice-Chancellor in a bid by the authorities to split the party]. 
Time will not wear me down. Certainly we lost thirty seats, but in the meantime our opponents have lost two governments! And the new Cabinet will not last any longer. We will regain those thirty seats. Our supply of recruits is larger than theirs, and I will place this task first and foremost and without any consideration to myself.
On January 2 the Burgfriede will be over, and on the third we will be back in the thick of the fight.
Pirna
The rathaus in 1933, sporting the Nazi flag
 
From early 1940 until end of June 1942, a part of the huge mental asylum within Sonnenstein Castle overlooking Pirna was converted into a euthanasia killing centre: the Sonnenstein Nazi Death Institute. This was the first use of techniques later rolled out and refined for use within the Final Solution. A gas chamber and crematorium were installed in the cellar of the former men's sanitary (building C 16). A high brick-wall on two sides of the complex shielded it from outside while a high hoarding was erected on the other sides. Four buildings were located inside the shielding. They were used for offices, living rooms for the personnel etc. Sleeping quarters for the "burners" (men who burned the bodies) were provided for in the attic of building C 16. It is possible that other sections of the buildings were also used by T4.  From end of June 1940 until September 1942, approximately 15,000 persons were killed in the scope of the euthanasia programme and the Sonderbehandlung 14f13. The staff consisted of about 100 persons. One third of them were ordered to the extermination camps in occupied Poland, because of their experiences in deception, killing, gassing and burning innocent people.  There they were trained by the killing groups who mounted the killing machinery in the later camps like Treblinka from TishBeAv 1942 and the others.  During August and September 1942, the Sonnenstein killing centre was closed and incriminating installations such as gas chamber installations and crematorium ovens dismantled. After October 1942, the buildings were used as a military hospital.  This part of the history of Pirna went largely unrecognised in Germany until 1989, but after that efforts to remember that catastrophe started. In June 2000 the permanent exhibition opened.

Glauchau (Saxony)

 
Glauchau railway station in 1941 and today

Oschatz
 
The Rathaus and St Aegidien church at Adolf Hitler Platz and today 

Plauen im Vogtland
 
Swastikas in the square in front of the rathaus and today

Hohenstein-Ernstthal (Saxony)
The birthplace of Karl May, Hitler's favourite author.
Adolf became gripped by the adventure stories of Karl May, whose popular tales of the Wild West and Indian wars (though May had never been to America) enthralled thousands of youngsters. Most of these youngsters graduated from the Karl May adventures and the childhood fantasies they fostered as they grew up. For Adolf, however, the fascination with Karl May never faded. As Reich Chancellor, he still read the May stories, recommending them, too, to his generals, whom he accused of lacking imagination.
Kershaw (9) Hitler
Hammerleubsdorf, Leubsdorf

 
The former Gauschule is now a pale, derelict structure

Bad Brambach (Saxony)
 
The Kapellenbergturm on the Schönberg 

Raschwitz Markkleeberg
 
The Forsthaus, back when it flew the swastika, and today 

 Eilenburg 
 
The bahnhof sporting the swastika and today


Rochlitz 
The Schulkameradentag Pfingsten in 1938, now simply the Mittelschule
 
The rathaus sporting a swastika and today. During the Second World War, a subcamp of Flossenbürg concentration camp was located in the town from September 1944 to March 1945. The camp held about 600 Jewish women. 

Lengenfeld 
 
9 km southwest of Zwickau is Lengenfeld; its town hall sporting a swastika and today 

Zwickau
 
The rathaus and Gewandhaus (theatre) surrounded by swastikas on the 800th anniversary of the town. 
Zwickau Planitz
 
The swimming pool looks practically unchanged since the time swastikas flew from the promenade 


Ammendorf  (Sachsen-Anhalt)
 
The fire station and war memorial in 1940 and now

The Grundschule Radewell in 1942 and today  
The corner of Hauptstrasse and Merseburger Strasse
Looking towards Merseburger Strasse

The Friedensschule in the 1930s and today

Horst-Heilmann-Strasse

The corner of Hohe Strasse and Regensburger Strasse

 Fritz-Kießling-Strasse

Views of Gärtnerstrasse a century apart


 Magdeburg (Saxony-Anhalt)
The town hall bedecked with swastikas and today
 
The Dom with the memorial to the SA in front during the NSDAP era, now gone.
The memorial replaced one removed by the Nazis (today inside the cathedral)- Barlach's Magdeburger Ehrenmal, ordered by the city to be a memorial of World War I, and expected to show heroic German soldiers fighting for their glorious country. Barlach, however, created a sculpture with three German soldiers, a fresh recruit, a young officer and an old reservist, standing in a cemetery, all bearing marks of the horror, pain and desperation of the war, flanked by a mourning war widow covering her face in despair, a skeleton wearing a German army helmet, and a civilian (the face is that of Barlach himself) with his eyes closed and blocking his ears in terror. This naturally created a controversy with the pro-war population (several nationalists and Nazis claimed that the soldiers must be foreign since true Germans would be more heroic), and the sculpture was removed. Friends of Barlach were able to hide the sculpture until after the war, when it was returned to the Magdeburg Cathedral. 
 Alfred Rosenberg, in Blut und Ehre. Ein Kampf für deutsche Wiedergeburt. Reden und Aufsätze von 1919-1933 (Munich, 1934), described Barlach’s Magdeburg War Memorial thus: ‘A mixed variety of short, undefinable sorts of people wearing semi-idiotic expressions and Soviet helmets are supposed to symbolise German home guards! I believe that every healthy SA man will pass the same judgement here as any conscious artist.’
 
Hitler spoke here at the Stadthalle on October 22, 1932
 
Hasselbachplatz then and now
After the war. Magdeburg was where the Soviets took Hitler's remains:
When the Soviets’ Operation Myth was launched in 1946 to establish the real sequence of events leading to Hitler’s death, some of Hitler’s personal staff were brought back to Berlin and the bunker, in order to point out the precise details of the suicide and subsequent burning in the garden. The bones, for the time being, were stored in Magdeburg. Of particular importance were the objects in Hitler’s personal collection. For them an aircraft was laid on as Stalin wanted his bones examined by his foremost experts. The Führer’s skull was eventually put into a paper bag and deposited in the State Archives.
(385) After the Reich
Dessau (Saxony-Anhalt) 
 
Dessau has changed considerably since it was under the hakenkreuz, as the sourroundings around the statue of Leopold I. von Anhalt-Dessau ("Der alte Dessauer") in front of the Marienkirche shows
 
The Johanniskirche used to be situated on Horst-Wessel-Platz as seen in this 1942-franked postcard
 
Hitler spoke here at the Kristallpalast in 1931
 
The rathaus in 1938, after the war (having been bombed March 4, 1945), and today 

On October 23, Hitler dispatched a telegram expressing his condolences to the widow of Gauleiter and Reichsstatthalter Loeper in Dessau who had died following a prolonged illness. Three days later Hitler attended Loeper’s funeral in Dessau where his body was interred at the Napoleonsturm, calling him an “apostle of the Movement.” From Hitler's eulogy delivered at the Friedrich Theatre:
When Fate is especially fond of a man and wishes to bestow upon him the best thing in the world, it will give him loyal friends, men who are resolved to share with him equally both joy and sorrow, men whom nothing can lead astray, men who, particularly in days of need, stand by him firm and resolute. I have been given a most generous share of this happiness and good fortune such as perhaps only few people in this world have.
Yet this happiness of so many years turns to pain when I now see how this and that member of the community of fighters is called to his Maker. When I speak here today, I am speaking as the happy—yet now so unhappy—Führer who must now accompany a member of his old guard to the grave, a man the likes of whom are rare even in our Movement.
Once he came to me when one could expect nothing more from this Movement than sacrifices and troubles, persecution and abuse. And truly it was only love of Germany which led him to that host of inseparable men who were determined to take up and pursue the battle for a new Germany against all odds. This man, with his boundless love of Germany, also had an unshakeable faith [in Adolf Hitler]. This faith was combined, in his case, with a unique loyalty [to Adolf Hitler]. He was one of the most loyal members of the old guard. During the time of struggle, we never spoke about it; no one would have understood it anyway. But today, at the bier of my dead comrade in arms, I must express it in words for German youth, that they may aspire to the same.
The new Reich was not given to us; it had to be hard won in battle, and in this fight only an over-abundance of love for Germany, of faith, of willingness to sacrifice, and of loyalty allowed [us] to triumph. That is something the German Volk must know. For it is my wish that the names of these first apostles of our Movement go down in German history for all eternity. Party comrade Loeper was a zealot, but he was more than that: a strong, self-sufficient man as hard as granite. He was persistent as only few are, untiring in his work and never swaying from the conviction: in the end we must succeed!
Hence for many of us this Party comrade was a model, in his unselfish modesty too, in his personal simplicity and in his lack of emotionalism: he was strictly a helper devoted to our great mutual cause.
Formerly the captain of the pioneers of the World War, he became a captain and pioneer of the National Socialist Weltanschauung, of our Revolution, and thus of our new German Reich. By having waged this battle in his lifetime, he lives on for us in death. He is a man for the German future. He deserves to be distinguished from the masses of hundreds of thousands and millions and be held up before the nation for all time! And this applies particularly to German youth. They shall hear this, and they shall learn from it. They shall once again realize that the old fealty was not only a virtue of the Teutons. The new Reich was built up with this virtue as its basis. This Reich would not be standing today were it not founded upon this fidelity [to Adolf Hitler].
A wonderful life has thus come to a close. Yet today we are all overcome by deep sorrow that our Party comrade, our Gauleiter and our Reichsstatthalter has been forced to leave us so soon, one of the old guard. Our hearts bleed when we see how our ranks slowly begin to thin out.
But as the old passes, so the young grows to take its place. For this old guard did not live in vain, did not struggle and fight in vain. From their work and their influence has sprung forth the richest of blessings—and Party comrade Captain Loeper was one of the most blessed of men.
 
On May 29, 1938 Hitler attended the opening of the new theatre in Dessau, the first building of its kind to have been completed during the rule of the National Socialist regime. 
The town football club giving the Hitler salute and today. SV Dessau 05 was founded in July 1905 as FC Adler. Thirty years later in 1935, after the re-organisation of German football under the Third Reich, Dessau played in the Gauliga Mitte, one of sixteen new upper class divisions. The club quickly emerged as a strong side, capturing three division titles from 1937–39, finishing second the next two seasons, and then winning another three consecutive titles from 1942–44. However, Dessau was never able to achieve any kind of success in the subsequent playoff rounds of the national championships, making it past the preliminary rounds only once in six attempts. In 1942, the team advanced as far as the quarterfinals of the Tschammerpokal, predecessor of today's German Cup.  After World War II most organisations in Germany, including sports associations and football clubs, were dissolved by the occupying Allied authorities. The club was re-formed in late 1945 as Blau-Weiss Dessau.

Tangermünde (Saxony-Anhalt)
 
Neustädter Tor in 1935 and today 

Staßfurt (Saxony-Anhalt)
  Steinstraße in 1940 and today

Osterfeld (Saxony-Anhalt)

 Alsleben an der Saale (Saxony-Anhalt)
 
What had been the NSV ((National Socialist People's Welfare) Erholungsheim, now the town's school
The hometown of one of Germany's greatest war heroes, the U-boat ace Gunther Prien, these two photographs show clearly the radical changes since the war. 

Wittenberg
 
Schloßstraße with the Schloßkirche in July 1941 and today.
 
The Stadtkirche from the market square July 29, 1941 and now, from where Luther preached his famous invocavit sermons and which, in 1547 during the Schmalkaldic War, the towers' stone pyramids were removed to make platforms for cannon. 
 
In 1988, the Sculptor Wieland Schmiedel was commissioned to produce a commemorative plaque paying homage to the victims of the Holocaust. It's currently in the consistory of the church, whilst the judensau showing Jews sucking the tits and anus of a pig is allowed to be exhibited outside on the façade.  Inscribed over the obscene scene are the words Schem Ha Mphoras, claimed to posses a power Jews have which they keep protected from gentiles. This phrase is actually repeated in the commemorative plaque which reads 
 "Gottes eigentlicher Name, der geschmähte Schem Ha Mphoras, den die Juden vor den Christen fast unsagbar heilig hielten, starb in sechs Millionen Juden unter einem Kreuzeszeichen."
("God's original name, the maligned Shem Ha Mphoras, which the Jews held holy before the Christians, died in the six million Jews under the sign of the cross.") That the cross was the twisted cross of the Nazis as opposed to the Christian one, and that the phrase did not simply "die" shows how insincere and forced German attempts to say something about their collective guilt are.

The Thesentor on which Luther nailed his 95 theses. A former student's History Extended Essay on Luther's Use of Language in Allowing the Protestant Reformation to Succeed received an A from the IBO.

 Zeitz
 
The rathaus is very much as it was when located on Adolf-Hitler-Platz.The Brabag plant northeast of Zeitz which used lignite coal to synthesize ersatz oil was a significant bombing target of the Oil Campaign of the Second World War. Its forced labour was provided by the nearby Wille subcamp of Buchenwald in Rehmsdorf and Gleina.  On  August 18 1976, the Protestant clergyman Oskar Brüsewitz from Rippicha burnt himself to death in front of the Michaeliskirche. This was a protest against the DDR system.

Merseburg 
 
Postcard showing the town flanked by Hitler and Hindenburg on the 1000th anniversary of the 933 Battle of Riade, where King Henry the Fowler gained his great victory over the Hungarians in the vicinity.

Regenstein Castle 
Burg Regenstein is a ruined castle that lies three kilometres north of Blankenburg. Of this once relatively impregnable castle, which was built in the early and high Middle Ages on a 294 metre high sandstone rock towering over the surrounding area, only ruins are visible today. Several internal rooms, carved into the rock, have survived, as have the ruins of the keep. The castle is surrounded by remnants of a more recent fortress. According to legend, once upon a time one of the most beautiful young women in the land was imprisoned in the dungeon of Regenstein Castle, because she had spurned the love of the Count of Regenstein. Using a diamond ring she scratched a hole in the rock, which became so large after a year that she was able to crawl through and escape. After her escape, she returned with her family to the castle, but the count had fled. A little later, she noticed thick smoke gushing from a crack in a rock wall. When she looked through it, she saw the count in purgatory. Then, out of pity, she threw him her ring to him in order to enable the spirit of the count to rest.