Showing posts with label Schwäbisch Hall. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Schwäbisch Hall. Show all posts

Remaining Nazi Sites in Baden-Württemberg (2)

Adolf-Hitler-Strasse in 1942 and today, its name reverted back to Hauptstrasse
In 1936 and today
The war memorial in 1939 and today
The memorial when it was on Platz der SA on Adolf-Hitler-Straße
The memorial to Sir Francis Drake by sculptor André Friedrich which, for 80 years graced the centre of Offenburg, was eventually destroyed in 1939 by the Nazis. On 17 July 1853, the monument was unveiled at the Town Hall; 86 years later it was destroyed by Nazi fanatics angered that the rathaus, now on Platz der SA, had a monument to a foreigner (who gave his name to my son).

The rathaus then with the statue and today
Hitlerjugend at the Kinzigdamm with the town church in the background

Schwäbisch Hall
Nazi eagle decorating a branch of Sparkasse
The Neues Krankenhaus Diakonie-Klinikum with swastikas and today
Some tough nuts suspected of major war crimes were kept in the old penitentiary in the pretty town of Schwäbisch Hall near Stuttgart. Here prisoners were subjected to some particularly nasty forms of interrogation. Old boys included SS commanders Sepp Dietrich, Fritz Kraemer and Hermann Priess, all of whom denied issuing orders to shoot prisoners of war. Seventy-four SS men were finally arraigned for the massacre of American servicemen at Malmédy, but many of their confessions were subsequently withdrawn because they said they had been extracted under torture. One of the last to break was the cigar-chewing SS officer Jochen Peiper, who was suspected of being chiefly responsible for the massacre. The Americans had used methods similar to those employed by the SS in Dachau. ...The screams of the prisoners in Schwäbisch Hall could be heard throughout the little country town. The torturers were not all American: they included vengeful Polish guards like those mentioned by Salomon. The archbishop of Cologne, Cardinal Joseph Frings, kept a tally of reports of American brutality.
 MacDonogh (406) After the Reich
 It was here that Albert Speer was born and where, on December 9, 1945, in a relatively trivial automobile accident near Mannheim, Patton sustained a severe injury. His neck broken, the general was paralysed from the neck down. Pulmonary oedema and congestive heart failure developed, and George S. Patton Jr. died on December 21, 1945. 

March 21, 1943 and today showing the Wasserturm

The Nationaltheater just before its destruction in 1943 and today as it was rebuilt in 1957 at Goethe Place rather than in the same location as the original National Theatre, based on the designs of the architect Gerhard Weber.
 The schloss seen at the end of Kurpfalzstraße in 1943 and today.
 The former Zeughaus (now a museum). 
 The Jesuitenkirche on Schillerplatz, 1943 and today
The Rosengarten under construction in 1900 and today. Hitler spoke here in 1928

The railway station then and now
I remember stopping late in the evening in Mannheim [where] there was a stormy jostling all around [Hitler] and shouts of Heil. The masses rushed together around his window and grabbed for his hand. One lot of flowers after another rained down on him through the window, and there was no end to the enthusiastic celebration. He spoke with the people in simple, heart-felt words, always, asking if they were happy with him and his work. And the approval filled with thanks swelled up to the national hymn, which rang far and wide above and beyond the shining railway platform. It was the most genuine contact of a national leader with his nation which anyone can imagine. We experienced it. No one can persuade us otherwise, for we were his dumb eye and ear witnesses who were most deeply moved time and again.
H. Frank (209-11) Im angesicht des Galgens
 Kloster Maulbronn
 Hitler visited what has been described as the best-preserved Cistercian Monastery in Europe in 1927. Recorded in his 'Table Talk' on the "5th September 1942, midday", Hitler spoke of the monastery at Maulbronn as
 one of the most beautiful in existence, thanks chiefly to the fact that it ceased to be a monastery in the Middle Ages and has not, like so many others of its kind, been altered or modernised in any way. The rules of the Order, which I have read, were extremely severe. In winter the monks had but one room heated; this common room was built over a cellar, in which fires were lighted and from which pipes led the hot air into the room above. The Romans employed the same system two thousand years ago, and the remains of their heating installations are still visible in the castle at Saalburg.
The site would provide the location for the filming of one of "Hitler's Irish Movies", Mein Leben für Irland, a Nazi propaganda movie from 1941 directed by Max W. Kimmich, covering a story of Irish heroism and martyrdom over two generations under the occupation of the evil British. The movie was produced for Nazi-occupied Europe with the intent of challenging pro-British allegiances; instead audiences identified the Irish struggle with their own resistance against the Nazis.   

The Friedensschule at Mozartstraße 12 dates from the 1930s and still sports the nazi eagle
 The Burenhaus then and today. After taking power in 1933, the NSDAP used the building as its party headquarters. Given its location at the centre of the marktplatz, it was ideally suited for parades and national celebrations and party events. In common parlance, the building soon became known as the 'Brown House'. Its fuhrer balcony was created and remains today, the Nazi eagle still present in the grill. 
 The Bickentor then and now

 The rathaus sporting the swastika and today at the Marktplatz    


Schloss Hellenstein looking over the town from a Nazi-era postcard and today. Erwin Rommel was born November 15, 1891 here in Heidenheim, Wurttemberg to schoolmaster Erwin Rommel, Sr. and his wife, Helene von Luz.


St. Martin's church then, at a swastika-bedecked marktplatz, and now

The Hafenbahnhof, now the Zeppelin Museum. On 2 July 1900, the people  of Friedrichshafen witnessed a momentous  occasion - the first flight  of LZ 1, Count Ferdinand  von Zeppelin's first airship.  Although deemed a failure,  a succession of better craft (LZ 2 to 10) enabled the Zeppelin to expand into the consumer market of airship travel, whilst also providing military craft for the German Army and Navy.
Friedrichshafen Halle and its new incarnation

  The Basilica of St. Martin and Oswald


The Rathaus-Sitzungssaal  during the Nazi era and today with its Bürgermeisters, little changed

Swastikas in front of the rathaus and today 

The market square with the rathaus in 1936 and today
 The rathaus then and now from the other side
Münzgasse looking towards the Stiftskirche

The Synagogue on Boerneplatz, in flames on Reichskristallnacht 1938, and a memorial on the site today
Next to the museum on Wilhelmstraße 3 lived Hugo Löwenstein, the first Jewish business man in the city to sell is business in the autumn of 1933 after Nazi intimidation. He later emigrated to British Palestine.
 The University 
The barracks gate of the Burgholzkaserne on Reutlinger Straße in 1939 and today.
 The hotel Zum Hanskarle on the corner of Kaiserstraße and Österbergstraße.
 The main railway station then and now. This was the station where 1,000 Württemberger Jews were deported to Stuttgart.
 The Tübinger post office on the corner of Hafengasse and Neuer Straße.
The lower Schlosstor with and without the weather vane
View from the south of Tübingen towards Neckar and Galgenberg
Looking at the old and new Neckar bridge
 The old brewery Waldhörnle on Schweizerstraße and its replacement today
 Grabenstraße has changed completely in the last century
Herrenberger Straße with the Guesthouse König with the university mental hospital where the wife and I stayed in 2007 overlooking the town