Showing posts with label Hamburg. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Hamburg. Show all posts

Sites in Northern Germany

Bremen from the bank of the river Weser in the 1930s and today. 
On 2 December 1922, the first Bremer local chapter of the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) was founded. Its membership from 1925 to 1927 was between 80 and 100. In 1928 the Nazi Party obtained only 1.1 percent of the vote. The local group was divided, and their chairs often changed. Its director Carl Röver Bremer disbanded the local group and they started again. It formed three party districts in the city: Old Town, East and West.  
On 14 September 1930 before the general election Adolf Hitler visited the city for the first time and on 30 July he gave a campaign speech at the Weser Stadium . In the election in Bremen about twelve percent of the electorate voted for the NSDAP compared to 18.2% in the rest of the country. By the next election on 28 November following another visit by Hitler, the Nazi Party had 1000 members and received 25.4% of the vote with 32 seats in the Bremen State Parliament.
After the war
Stephanibrücke after the war and its current incarnation.
The cathedral then and now 
The statue of Roland in the market square

The swastika flying over the Rotesandleuchtturm lighthouse

The Baumwollbörse from a vintage postcard and today
Robinson-Crusoe-Haus and Haus Atlantis on Martinistraße July 6, 1941 and today

Entrance to Böttcherstraße in the 1930s and today, with Bernhard Hoetger’s Lichtbringer dating from 1936.

 Böttcherstraße after the war
The Faulenquartier after the war and today
Am Wall in 1936 given the Olympic flags and today
Obernstraße  in 1938 and today, looking towards the Cathedral

Sögestraße in 1938 and today
Hillmannplatz was named after the former Hillmann hotel shown in this nazi-era postcard, built by Johann Heinrich Hillmann in 1847 and which was destroyed during the war. 

In 1988 this monument by Ulrich Rückriem, christened Der Böse, was established from the granite ruins
Nazi eagle remaining on the façade of Allianz-Haus at Sögestraße 59.
Mühle am Wall May 18 1941 and today
 Weserstadion, since extensively rebuilt after the war. On July 20, 1932 Hitler spoke here, declaring that "For me it will be easier to answer before history for the destruction of thirty parties than for those who founded them."
Shortly before Hitler had landed in Bremen, he had given the crowds gathered in the Weser Stadium an effective demonstration of his Promethean qualities. He had instructed the pilot to circle over the stadium in the dark night sky with the cabin illuminated. The result was an eerie, otherworldly scene, and many in the audience were left with the impression that Hitler had actually descended to earth as a sort of god. What had been conceived as mere fantasy by Benson in his book, The Lord of the World, seemed to become reality.
Domarus (146) The Complete Hitler
Gauleiter Telschow Platz, named after Otto Telschow, a Nazi Party official who had joined the Nazi Party in 1925, and was the founder of the regional Nazi newspaper, the Niedersachsen-Stürmer. In October 1928, Telschow was appointed Gauleiter (regional party leader) of the Nazi party's regional subsection Gau Eastern Hanover, a post he retained until the end of World War II. Telschow gained more influence after 1935, when the Nazi-party Gaue usurped the functions of the streamlined German states. In 1930 he was elected to the Reichstag for the Ost-Hannover electoral district, and remained a member until 1945. He was taken prisoner by the British Army at Lüneburg and committed suicide in prison by slashing his wrists.
Shown immediately after the war and today, now renamed Theodor-Heuss-Platz. The statue of City founder Johann Smidt remains in situ. It was here in May 1934 that the first KdF cruise departed from Bremerhaven en route to Heligoland. On December 14 that year, Hitler made a surprising appearance at the launching of the East Asia steamer Scharnhorst in Bremen accompanied by Blomberg, Raeder, von Eltz-Rübenach (Reich Minister of Transportation), and Economics supremo Schacht. He then proceeded to Bremerhaven to tour the Lloyd express liner Europa and the armoured ship Admiral Scheer.
The following year on May 4, Hitler toured the new East Asia steamer Scharnhorst in Bremerhaven and commented in a short speech on the inauguration of “this most modern and fastest ship in the East Asia line” of the Norddeutsche Lloyd.

Hauptstadt der deutschen Schiffahrt (Capital of German Shipping)
The Hamburger rathaus at Adolf-Hitler-Platz as named in a 1935 postcard and today at the renamed rathausplatz.
 The Grossen Festsaal inside has changed little from the time Hitler spoke within
Hitler speaking from the rathaus balcony 14 February 1939 and how it appears today

[item image]  Johann von Leers's Bomben auf Hamburg is available online
Former Gestapo Headquarters at Stadthausbrücke 8
The Nazi war memorial on the Dammtordamm, still with its exhortation that "Deutschland muss leben und wenn wir sterben müssen" (Germany must live if we must die)
After the allied air strike from Operation Gomorrah of July 1943 making the complex to a large extent useless for the use by the police. Today the former city hall is to be the site for a documentation centre by 2013
 Prien-Haus then and now- a classic example of Nazi architecture built 1935
Chille Haus and Ballin Haus then and now
The main railway station sporting the swastika and today
The  U-Bahn station Rödingsmarkt then and now
In the 1930s, after Hitler came to power, Hamburg's opera house was renamed Hamburgische Staatsoper.  On the night of 2 August 1943, both the auditorium and its neighbouring buildings were destroyed during air raids by fire-bombing; a low-flying airplane dropped several petrol and phosphorus containers on to the middle of the roof of the auditorium, turning it into a conflagration. 
Hitler in attendance in 1935, and the interior today   
The  Reeperbahn before the Beatles and today
Opened in 1909, Hitler spoke here at the Hotel Atlantik a number of times. Kershaw relates the first such time:
Hopes of gaining financial support and of winning influential backing for his party had made him keen to accept the invitation of the prestigious Hamburger Nationalklub to address its members in the elegant Hotel Atlantic on 28 February 1926. It was not his usual audience. Here, he faced a socially exclusive club whose 400– 450 members were drawn from Hamburg’s upper bourgeoisie – many of them high-ranking officers, civil servants, lawyers, and businessmen. His tone was different from that he used in the Munich beerhalls. In his two-hour speech, he made not a single mention of the Jews. He was well aware that the primitive antisemitic rantings that roused the masses in the Zircus Krone would be counter-productive in this audience. Instead, the emphasis was placed entirely on the need to eliminate Marxism as the prerequisite of Germany’s recovery... to his well-heeled bourgeois audience in Hamburg, anti-Marxist to the core, his verbal assault on the Left was music to the ears... The more Hitler preached intolerance, force, and hatred, as the solution to Germany’s problems, the more his audience liked it. He was interrupted on numerous occasions during these passages with cheers and shouts of ‘bravo’. At the end there was a lengthy ovation, and cries of ‘Heil’.
Kershaw also relates the following revealing anecdote:  
Albert Krebs, the one-time Gauleiter of Hamburg, related a scene from early 1932 that reminded him of a French comedy. From the corridor of the elegant Hotel Atlantik in Hamburg he could hear Hitler plaintively shouting: ‘My soup, [I want] my soup.’ Krebs found him minutes later hunched over a round table in his room, slurping his vegetable soup, looking anything other than a hero of the people. He appeared tired and depressed. He ignored the copy of his speech the previous night that Krebs had brought him, and to the Gauleiter’s astonishment, asked him instead what he thought of a vegetarian diet. Fully in character, Hitler launched, not waiting for an answer, into a lengthy diatribe on vegetarianism. It struck Krebs as a cranky outburst, aimed at overpowering, not persuading, the listener. But what imprinted the scene on Krebs’s memory was how Hitler revealed himself as an acute hypochondriac to one to whom he had presented himself up to then ‘only as the political leader, never as a human being’. Krebs did not presume that Hitler was suddenly regarding him as a confidant. He took it rather as a sign of the party leader’s ‘inner instability’. It was an unexpected show of human weakness which, Krebs plausibly speculated, was over-compensated by an unquenchable thirst for power and resort to violence. According to Krebs, Hitler explained that a variety of worrying symptoms – outbreaks of sweating, nervous tension, trembling of muscles, and stomach cramps – had persuaded him to become a vegetarian. He took the stomach cramps to be the beginnings of cancer, leaving him only a few years to complete ‘the gigantic tasks’ he had set himself. ‘I must come to power before long ... I must, I must,’ Krebs has him shouting. But with this, he gained control of himself again. His body-language showed he was over his temporary depression. His attendants were suddenly called, orders were given out, telephone calls booked, meetings arranged. ‘The human being Hitler had been transformed back into the “Leader”.’ The mask was in place again.
Hitler spent the night here at the Hotel Phönix on October 6, 1927. The lower section has remained intact.

This former Hafenbunker on Landungsbrücken 7 now houses a Portuguese restaurant

 The Flakbunker in Hamburg, Wilhelmsburg now being converted to an Energiebunker
A gravestone at Ohlsdorf cemetery in Hamburg from the Nazi era.

There were three large forced-labour camps in Hannover, a large industrial city in northern Germany. All three of the camps were part of the Neuengamme concentration camp system. 
The entrance to the Graf Goltz Kaserne with and without the Nazi eagle
The Allgemeines Krankenhaus in Hamburg Nord Barmbek,

Neuengamme concentration camp, the largest concentration camp in north-west Germany, was established to the south-east of Hamburg in 1938. The camp existed until 1945. Over 100,000 prisoners from throughout Europe were imprisoned in the main camp and its 86 satellite camps. At least 42,900 people died in Neuengamme, its satellite camps and during the camp evacuations at the end of the war.
In early April 1945, American forces entered Hannover and freed the surviving prisoners. The American Signal Corps filmed one of the Hannover camps soon after liberation. American forces fed survivors of the camp and required German civilians to help bury the dead. 
 After the war, the British military authorities used the concentration camp buildings as an internment camp for three years. In 1948, the occupying forces handed the camp over to the city of Hamburg, which set up a prison on the site. At the end of the 1960s, the city established a second prison building on the grounds of the former concentration camp. A monument was set up in 1965 as a memorial, and in 1981, a document building was added. Other parts of the former camp were gradually incorporated into the memorial. When the penal facilities were finally moved, the Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial was able to expand into the site of the former prisoners' barracks and open as a centre for exhibitions, international exchanges and historical studies in May 2005. 

The eleven stolperstein in town were apparently targeted by neo-Nazis who removed them on the 74th anniversary of Kristallnacht, November 9 2012. As of today a makeshift sign marks where they were taken.
SA Platz, now renamed Platz der Freiheit
The marketplace then and now
 The rathaus


Bismark's mausoleum at Friedrichsruh castle May 1, 1924 and today
Hitler visiting the site. On February 13 1939 Hitler left Berlin for Friedrichsruh where he placed a wreath at Bismarck’s grave. This deferential act evidently was to prepare him spiritually for the festivities at that day's launching in Hamburg of The Bismarck. The following communiqué was released regarding Hitler’s visit:
 While journeying to Hamburg, the Führer stopped on Monday at Friedrichsruh, where he placed a laurel wreath at the tomb of Prince Otto von Bismarck, the Chancellor of the Old Reich. Thereafter, the Führer was the guest of Prince von Bismarck and his wife,202 at the Friedrichsruh Castle. On both arrival and departure, the population of Friedrichsruh and the surrounding countryside enthusiastically acclaimed the Führer, whom they had observed in deeply moved silence in the solemn act of placing the wreath at the grave.
How revealing is Baron von Weizsäcker’s private note on the Führer’s fireside remarks after an intimate meal at the Bismarck shrine at Friedrichsruh on that day, February 13: For those of us who know that the rest of Czecho-Slovakia will be dealt its death blow in approximately four weeks’ time, it was interesting to hear the Führer declare that he himself used to prefer surprise tactics but has now gone off them as he has exhausted their possibilities. The Führer sketched out the September crisis of last year thus: ‘I owe my triumph to my unflinching stand, which left the other side with a whiff of war if I felt it necessary.’
Irving (156) Hitler's War
The town hall and theatre on Adolf-Hitler-Platz and today, rathausplatz.
Laboe Naval Memorial was completed by the Nazis in 1936 after Hitler had observed the naval manoeuvres in Kiel and watched a parade from the light battleship Grille before inspecting the German shipyards. At a ceremony commemorating the dead of the Great War on the twentieth anniversary of the Battle of Skagerrak (May 31, 1916), Hitler attended the dedication of the memorial and laid a wreath honouring the navy’s dead. In fact, Hitler did not like the U-boat monument in Laboe at all; in one conversation he called it “an unrivalled essay in kitsch and bad taste, as it stands there with its inverted bow.” Doramus (1310) The Complete Hitler
The tower itself is 72 metres high with an observation deck near the top. There is also a large, underground memorial room and a museum detailing the history of the German Navy which had been originally dedicated to the German naval war dead of the First World War. In the 1950s it was converted to a memorial for sailors of all nationalities who died in the World Wars and the right photo shows the memorial to those who had served in the Second World War.
Adolf-Hitler-Schanze mit U.-Boots Ehrenmal
At the east shore of Kiel Bay is the U-boat Memorial at Möltenort to the memory of submariners who lost their lives. The reichsadler is by Fritz Schmoll, responsible for others seen on this site. The photo on the left shows its inauguration in 1938.
Horst-Wessel-Park is now  called Werftpark 

 Neustadt in Holstein

The marktplatz with the Hotel Deutsches Haus bedecked in swastikas and today. During World War II a subcamp, Number 1049 Neustadt in Holstein/Schleswig-Holstein, of the Neuengamme concentration camp was located in the town.

Pelzerhaken (Schleswig-Holstein)
This lighthouse on the Baltic was built in 1843 and stands at 19 metres, although the eagle itself has remained since its establishment in 1936


The Kurpalast Strandhalle flying the swastika and today

Kappeln/Schlei (Schleswig-Holstein)

Kellenhusen an der Ostsee
On the beach during the Third Reich and today

Adolf Hitler Koog
In 1935, the Nazis reclaimed land from the North Sea to obtain Lebensraum for Aryan families. The centerpiece of this new community on Adolf Hitler Koog, now Dieksanderkoog located 62 miles from Hamburg, was a grand hall. Here the concept of Volksgemeinshaft that lived up to Nazi ideals of racial purity and loyal to NSDAP ideology was to be realised. Settlers had to produce documentary evidence that proved their Aryan ancestry dating back to 1800 before being personally examined and hand-picked by senior local officials. Hitler himself was present when the project was completed.
Official groundbreaking to Neulandhalle on the “Adolf Hitler Koog” on 29 August 1935. Hitler, The Gauleiter Hinrich Lohse and other NS-Hoheitsträger lay the foundation-stone during the official inauguration.
The outside of the building sported two monumental figures, one armed with a rifle and the other holding a shovel, staring into the distance. The originals were removed after the war, but replicas will be put back in their original place when the new museum scheduled to take over the site opens.
The frescoes by Otto Thämer remain intact

The hauptbahnhof during the Third Reich and today.  The station was first opened in 1886 by the Deutsch-Nordischer Lloyd, operating a combined railway/ferry line to Nykøbing Falster in Denmark. In 1894, the station was renamed to Central-Bahnhof and finally to Rostock Hauptbahnhof at the turn of the 20th century. The station saw further expansion in 1913 and 1922, but was heavily damaged in World War II.

The island of Rügen is much mythologised in the German national imagination. Frequented in the late 19th and early 20th century by the country’s good and great, including Bismarck, Thomas Mann and Einstein, its chalk coastline was also immortalised by Romantic artist Caspar David Friedrich in 1818. It was here that the sea resort of Prora was created, designed to house 20,000 holidaymakers. Designed by Clemens Klotz, the buildings complex extend over a length of 4.5 km and are roughly 150 m from the long flat sandy beach. All rooms were planned to overlook the sea. Each room of 5 by 2.5 metres (16'5" x 8'3") was to have two beds, an armoire (wardrobe) and a sink. There were communal toilets and showers. 
Hitler's plans for Prora were much more ambitious as seen in this model. He wanted a gigantic sea resort, the "most mighty and large one to ever have existed". At the same time, Hitler wanted it to be convertible into a military hospital in case of war. During the few years that Prora was under construction, all major construction companies of the Reich and nearly 9,000 workers were involved in this project. With the onset of World War II in 1939 construction on Prora stopped, and the construction workers transferred to the V-Weapons plant at Peenemünde. The eight housing blocks, the theatre and cinema stayed as empty shells, and the swimming pools and festival hall never materialised.
The Nazis' touristic policy, 
which prioritized unknown and less busy destinations, was primarily motivated by a desire to keep KdF participants away from places frequented by wealthier private tourists. Even the massive KdF resort complex, Prora, on the island of Rügen, represented another way to steer KdF tourism away from the top German resorts.63 Thus, rather than force upper-class tourists and exclusive resorts to adhere to the oft-proclaimed principles of Nazi egalitarian- ism, the Nazi regime did all it could to avoid damage to the commercial tourism industry and minimize the potential problems that arose when the two groups of tourists came into contact. In sum, then, bourgeois touristic consumption was to continue ‘as normal’, with as few intrusions as possible.
Semmens (112) Seeing Hitler’s Germany 
  During the Allied bombing campaign, many people from Hamburg took refuge in one of the housing blocks, and later refugees from the east of Germany were housed there. By the end of the war, these buildings served to house female auxiliary personnel for the Luftwaffe.
In 1945 the Soviet Army took control of the region, and established a base at Prora. After the formation of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) part of it was used as an army holiday centre. The sturdy but derelict shell of the complex remains as a tourist curiosity. After German reunification, the National People's Army of GDR left the region, and it stood uninhabited until new plans were put in place. The buildings suffered heavy vandalism during this period.
Nowadays, it is still a question what to do with the huge buildings complex, partly hosting some interesting museums. There are plans to turn it into a modern tourist resort but also some skepticism from the locals, who feel that there are already too many tourists in the region, and voices who say that the town's past made it an inappropriate location for tourists.

Konzert Platz at Rügen's Ostseebad Binz then and now.

Adolf Hitler Kaserne and today. On May 2, 1945, Schwerin was taken by U.S. troops. It was handed over to the British on June 1 1945, and one month later was in turn handed over to the Soviet forces, as the British and American forces pulled back from the line of contact to the predesignated occupation zones.
The Aussichtsturm Kaninchenwerder sporting the swastika and today

The beach with the swastika overlooking the strand and today

Adolf-Hitler-Strasse, now Eisenbahnstraße. Hitler spoke in the town June 2, 1932 during his presidential campaign.
The Reichsbahnamt

The main square hasn't changed much
The rathaus and Pfarrkirche

 The Altes Haus at Mühlenstraße 48, still holding on

The schloß

The ‘white town on the sea’ is Germany’s oldest seaside resort, founded in 1793 by Mecklenburg duke Friedrich Franz I and fashionable throughout the 19th century as the playground of nobility. Since 2003 it was reborn with the opening of the exclusive Kempinski Grand Hotel Heiligendamm which accommodated US President George W Bush on a state visit and hosted a G8 summit in 2007. Perhaps fittingly, it hosted Hitler a few decades earlier.
Hitler on the pier, and as it appears today
In Irving describes a number of occasions where Hitler and Goebbels vacationed here, once with Leni Riefenstahl to whom the latter's wife 
told her privately that she had only married Dr Goebbels so as to be near to Hitler. What of Leni’s politics? ‘She is the only one of all the stars,’ wrote Goebbels that summer, ‘who understands us.’Her name often cropped up in the diary, and in mid August she spent the night at Heiligendamm with the Goebbels’ again. (313)
Hitler and Goebbels with the latter's children in 1935. Another instance Irving relates is when
Goebbels and Hitler drove up to Heiligendamm. ‘Putzi’ Hanfstaengl, who had just returned from America, found them there. ‘Hitler,’ he wrote years afterwards, ‘had a flushed, evil look, as though gorged on the blood of his victims.’ It was not a pleasant vacation. The crowds gawped and cheered them wherever they went, and they had to break off their stay. (349)

The resort then and now


 The Hotel Stadt Hamburg with swasika flag behind in a 1940s postcard and today, unchanged

 Bad Segeberg (Schleswig-Holstein)

The Kalkberg Stadium (German: Kalkbergstadion) is an open-air theatre built in a former quarry on the Segeberger Kalkberg, a rocky outcropping in the centre of Bad Segeberg, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It was built as a Thingplatz under the Third Reich and since 1952 has been the site of the annual Bad Segeberg Karl May Festival.  After the Nazis came to power, the quarry here was converted into an amphitheatre to be used for mass meetings and multimedia theatrical performances as part of the Thingspiel movement. The theatre was designed by Fritz Schaller of Berlin, and was constructed mostly by the Reich Labour Service beginning on 29 May 1934. The work entailed sealing salt-mining shafts and cavities and bringing in 1,200 tonnes of granite from Silesia as building material, since the anhydrite core of the hill itself is water-soluble. The theatre was dedicated on 10 October 1937 by Joseph Goebbels as the Feierstätte der Nordmark or Nordmark-Feierstätte (Northern March Ceremonial Site); in his speech he expressed the wish it would be a "political church of National Socialism". A performance of Henrik Herse's Die Schlacht der weißen Schiffe took place there, probably in 1938, but after that there were no further performances until the end of World War II.

Demmin (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
The Luisentor on Adolf Hitler Straße and today

Adolf-Hitler-Platz with the steintor then and now. Anklam was nearly completely destroyed by several bombing raids of the U.S. Airforce in 1943 and 1944 and in the last days of World War II, when the advancing Soviets burned and leveled most of the town. After Prussia and its Pomeranian province were dissolved and most of Pomerania was allocated to Poland under the terms of the Potsdam Conference, Anklam became part of the East German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.   

Nordseebad Dangast 
At the entrance of Dangast this anti-Semitic sign was erected, reading „Juden sind hier nicht erwünscht“ (Jews are not wanted here)  In the background is the village inn.
 Today the seaside town instead boasts a large penis on the beach.

Alhbeck Heringsdorf 

The promenade with same clock but different set of flags
The sea bridge with kurhaus then and now

Bad Arnis (Schleswig-Holstein)
The Schifferhaus then and now 

Lübeck (Schleswig Holstein)
The Kanzlergebäude and church adorned with swastikas and today
The rathaus and marktplatz during the Third Reich and today

Kühlungsborn (Mecklenburg- Pomerania)
Swastikas at the ostseebad Brunshaupten, now merged with Kühlungsborn from  April 1, 1938 with the merger two other municipalities of Fulgen and Arendsee. On the town coat of arms dating from the Nazi era, three flying seagulls on a blue background represent these former municipalities.

 PARCHIM Hotel Graf Moltke Location: Blutstrasse 16 Today: The front of the building has changed, but it looks like it is still the same building. It houses the Mecklenburgisches Landestheater now. Hitler held a speech at the hotel Graf Moltke on June 2, 1926. Herzberg Estate (7) Location: Herzberg is a village norteast of Parchim, exact location unknown Today: Unknown Martin Bormann served the Von Treuenfels as a supervisor of the the estate Herzberg near Parchim from 1920 untill 1926. In 1927 Bormann joined the NSDAP.  An old postcard of the hotel Graf Moltke  The building has become a theatre now. LUDWIGSLUST Schützenhaus (6) Location: Unknown Hitler was in Ludwigslust for a speech at the Schützenhaus on October 1927. Reservelazarett Pasewalk, station VI - Schützenhaus (8) Location: Schützenstrasse/Brölliner Chaussee, area opposite to the corner with the Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse Today: The building where Hitler was treated for his hysterical blindness was a Schützenhaus before it became a lazaret. In 1937 it was replaced by a monumental building (Weihestätte) for Adolf Hitler. The building does not exist anymore. At the end of the first World War (from October 21 until November 19, 1918) Hitler was in a lazaret in Pasewalk, after a gass attack in Wervicq-Sud. After Hitler, together with other blinded soldiers, walked to the lazaret in Linselle he was transported to the Feldlazarett Oudenaarde. From there he was brought to Pasewalk. There he was taken to station VI, a part of the lazaret in Pasewalk that was located inside the building of the former ‘Vereinshaus Pasewalker Schützengilde von 1477’. It was a building where ‘Kriegsneurotiker’ were treated. In other words: it was a psychiatrical clinic. Hitler was treated here for hysterical blindness. He left the hospital on November 19 to go to München. In 1934 the ‘Nationalsozialistische Hausgenossenschaft Pommeren GmbH’ bought the grounds and destroyed the original building. They replaced it for a monument (Weihestätte) for Adolf Hitler. The building was ready on October 21, 1937. The central room of the building had a bust of Hitler in it with a quote from Mein Kampf above it that said: ‘Ich aber beschloss Politiker ze werden.’ (source: Horstmann, 2004) PASEWALK The Schützenhaus in 1914 In front of the Weihestätte was a war monument A postcard of the lazaret with pictures of Hitler in 1918 and 1932 The lazaret This Weihestätte was built between 1934 and 1937 A postcard of the Weihestätte Inside the Weihestätte (picture: Hortsmann, 2004) The Schützenhaus and the barracks where Hitler was treated (picture: Hortsmann, 2004)  The Pasewalk lazaret area. On the map on the left, it’s the green area. The picture in the centre shows the location where the lazaret probably stood and the right picture is a sports-hut on the site of the lazaret.  (map and pictures:  Schützenpark  Location: Near the Schützenstrasse/Brölliner Chausssee  Today: There still is a Schützenstrasse in Pasewalk.  On October 25, 1932 Hitler spoke to 6.000 people at the Schützenpark. Bad Doberan was the first city that made Adolf Hitler it’s honorary citizen in August 1932. In 2007 the city took this honour away from Hitler. Heiligendamm belongs to Bad Doberan. Hitler was there on holiday twice. Just a picture from Bad Doberan. It shows the ruins of the Doberan Kloster BAD DOBERAN(2) Discussion about Czechoslovakia - Ostseeflughafen Stralsund-Barth (3) Location: Unknown, but it could have been on the army airbase that was located here. Today: The airfield is still there. It has been renovated. Hitler was in Barth on June 13, 1938 to discuss Czechoslovakia with his generals. BARTH Parkhotel, seaside resort on the Baltic Sea (5) Location: On the turn of the Kühlungsbornerstrasse, near the beach Today:  Some of Heiligendamm's buildings were demolished and replaced. After the German reunification investors bought most of the buildings. A company called the Kempinski Grand Hotel uses six historical buildings. Hitler and Goebbels spent a short holiday together in Heiligendamm in 1933. Hitler seems to have been in Heiligendamm at least twice. HEILIGENDAMM (BAD DOBERAN)  Heiligendamm today  Hitler and Goebbels on the beach in Heiligendamm  (picture: Bundesarchiv, 1933: ‘Der Führer mit Dr. Goebbels und dessen Töchterchen in Heiligendamm.’)    Turnierplatz (4) Location: Unknown On June 2, 1932 Hitler spoke at the Turnierplatz in Güstrow. There were 30.000 people present. GÜSTROW Halle of the Autowerkstatt Eulitz (1) Location: Unknown Hitler spoke at this location in Anklam on October 25, 1932 for 10.000 people. ANKLAM  Mecklenburg-Vorpommern weergeven op een grotere kaart  When World War 1 had  almost ended, Adolf Hitler was taken to a hospital in Pasewalk, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. That’s why Pasewalk is of the most mentioned place in this state when it comes to Hitler. Another wellknown location is the huge building Prora on the island of Rügen. Although I haven’t found any proof of Hitler being there, it’s an important nazi  leftover.             1. Anklam 2. Bad Doberan 3. Barth  4. Güstrow 5. Heiligendamm  6. Ludwigslust 7. Parchim  8. Pasewalk 9. Rechlin  10. Rügen 11. Rennbahn Rostock  12. Machinenhalle, Rostock  13. Alte Friedhof, Schwerin  14. Stadthalle, Schwerin  15. Nordische Hof, Schwerin  16. Flugplatz, Schwerin  17. Gutshaus Severin 18. Stolpe  19. Stralsund 20. Waren  21. Wismar  22. Peenemünde MECKLENBURG-VORPOMMERN  THE HITLER PAGES  HISTORICAL HITLER SITES Luftwaffenerprobungsplatz Müritz (9) Location: Not sure. There’s a lake nearby with the name Müritz. On the Lindenstrasse is the Testing Airfield Lärz, but if that’s the right location, is unknown. On July 3, 1939 Hitler visited the Luftwaffenerprobungsplatz Müritzen. RECHLIN KdF Resort Prora (Koloss von Rügen) (10) Location: Eastcoast of the island Rügen. North of the village of Binz and the Schmachter See runs the Proraer Chausse paralell  to the Prora complex. Today: Still there The largest nazibuilding that’s still standing is on the island of Rügen. The NS-organisation Kraft durch Freude (KdF) arranged vacations for the working class in Germany. In 1935 the plans for five seaside resorts were presented. Hitler himself had the idea to build the largest resort there had ever been. (Other large nazi buildings that were not destroyed are the Parteitagsgelände in Nürnberg and Göring’s Airforce Administration in Berlin. The only real Hitler administration building that’s still there is the Führerbau in München.) Prora today RÜGEN Rennbahn (11) Location: Rennbahn Barnstorferwald must have been somewhere near the Rennbahnallee Today: Unsure During election campagnes in 1932 Hitler came to Rostock twice. On May 29 he spoke at the Rennbahn for 50.000 people. Rostock is known for the Heinkel-Werke that were there. The ruïns of the airplane factories are still there. ROSTOCK Tonhalle Location: Unsure, maybe Mühlenstrasse 17 or Brandestrasse Hitler held a speech in the Tonhalle on June 2, 1926. Maschinenhalle of the Neptunwerft (12) Location: The Neptunwerft was located between the Werftstrasse and the Lübeckerstrasse. The exact location of the hall is unknown. Today: Still a shipyard. There are some old bunkers in the area. On October 25 Hitler spoke to 8.000-16.000 people at this location. Grave Wilhelm Gustloff (13) Location: Unknown but probably on the Alter Friedhof on the Obotritenring Wilhelm Gustloff was the leader of the NSDAP in Switzerland. He was killed in 1936. Hitler was at the state funeral of Gustloff. He was burried in Schwerin. After his death a factory near concentration camp Buchenwald was called the Gustloff-Werke. There also was a cruise ship called the Wilhelm Gustloff. It was used by the Kriegsmarine at the end of the war. In 1945 a Soviet submarine sunk the ship in the Baltic waters. SCHWERIN Stadthalle (14) Location: Not sure. A possible location is the Sport- und Kongreshalle on the Wittenburgerstrasse 118. On May  2, 1926 Hitler held a speech in Schwerin at this location. On October 26, 1932 he spoke there again.  Adolf Hitler and Gauleiter Hildebrandt somewhere before 1933 in Schwerin  (picture: Illustrierter Beobachter, 1936) Nordische Hof (15) Location: Schloßstrasse 9-11 Today: Finanzministerium On June 5, 1926 Hitler held a speech at the Nordische Hof.  The Nordische Hof has become  the Finanzministerium Flugplatz Schwerin-Görries (16) Location: Between the Feldweg and the Chaussee to Schwerin. The Handelsstraße lies around it. Today: Industrial area with the same name On June 3, 1932 Hitler spoke to 40.000 people on the Flugplatz Schwerin-Görries. Schützenhaus (21) Location: Unknown On October 8, 1925 Hitler held a speech at the Schützenhaus in Wismar. WISMAR Jahnplatz Location: Not sure. There’s a Jahnstrasse in Wismar, bu I couldn’t find the Jahnplatz. On May 23, 1932 Hitler held a speech on the Jahnplatz for 40.000 people. Hitlerspeech (20) Location: Unknown On June 4 Hitler spoke to 30.000 people somewhere in Warren. WARREN Attempted murder of Hitler Location: Near Stralsund, exact location unknown In the month of June 1932 there was an ambush planned to kill Hitler somewhere near Stralsund. Hitlers car was shot at. The offenders were never found. Speech Hitler 1932 (19) Location: Unknown On July 19, 1932 Hitler was going to do a speech in Stralsund. Social Democrats gathered in Negast, because they thought Hitler would travel through that village. In a vacation camp nearby were armed enemies of Hitler hiding for the police. A crowd got together to protect the camp from the police. Shots were fired and a teacher called Krull was killed. STRALSUND Ausstellungsplatz Location: Unknown On July 20, 1932 Hitler spoke at a gathering of 40.000 people at the Ausstellungsplatz. Gut Severin (17) Location: Severin is a village on the Hauptstrasse between Parchim and Crivitz. The house is on the Hofplatz. Today: Still there. Private property. Goebbels married the former wife of industrial Quandt in 1932 on Quandts estate in Mecklenburg. Hitler was a witness to this marriage. SEVERIN The marriage of Magda and Joseph Goebbels. Hitler is behind them. Gut Severin today. STOLPE  Bormanns Stolpe Estate (18) Location: Near a pond. The only pond in Stolpe today is on the southside of the village. Today: The estate was ruïned after the war. Bormann was the owner of an estate near Stolpe. Hitler and Eva Braun are said to have been there.    BUNDESLÄNDER. NORDR.-WESTFALEN. BAD.-WURTEMBERG. RHEINL.-PFALZ - SAARLAND. NIEDERSACHSEN. SCHLESW.-HOLSTEIN - HAMBURG. BAYERN. BRANDENBURG. THURINGEN. HESSEN. SACHSEN. SACHSEN-ANHALT. PEENEMÜNDE Erprobungsstelle der Luftwaffe ‘Peenemünde-West’, Usedom (22) Location: Island Usedom, area around the road L264 Today: Used by the Russian and East-German army. Not in use anymore since 1990. Some ruïns left. There also still is an airfield there. It is said that that Adolf Hitler visited  the secret rocket centre in Peenemünde in March 1939, but I’m not sure about that. Maybe this visit is confused with an alleged visit of Hitler of the Kummersdorf Eperimental Station on March 23, 1939. On that date, however, Hitler was in Memel