Showing posts with label Reichskanzlei. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Reichskanzlei. Show all posts

Site of Hitler's Bunker and New Reich Chancellery

Separate from the entry for Wilhelmstrasse 
The setting in which Hitler played out the last scene of all was well suited to the end of so strange a history. The Chancellery air raid shelter, in which the events of 22 April had taken place, was buried fifty feet beneath the ground, and built in two storeys covered with a massive canopy of reinforced concrete. The lower of the storeys formed the Fuhrerbunker. It was divided into eighteen small rooms grouped on either side of a central passageway. Half of this passage was closed by a partition and used for the daily conferences. A suite of six rooms was set aside for Hitler and Eva Braun. Eva had a bed-sitting-room, a bathroom, and a dressing-room; Hitler a bedroom and a study, the sole decoration in which was the portrait of Frederick the Great. A map-room used for small conferences, a telephone exchange, a power-house, and guard rooms took up most of the rest of the space, but there were two rooms for Goebbels (formerly occupied by Morell) and two for Stumpfegger, Brandt's successor as Hitler's surgeon. Frau Goebbels, who insisted on remaining with her husband, together with her six children, occupied four rooms on the floor above, where the kitchen, servants' quarters and dining-hall were also to be found. Other shelters had been built nearby. One housed Bormann, his staff and the various Service officers; another Mohnke, the S.S. commandant of the Chancellery, and his staff.
The physical atmosphere of the bunker was oppressive, but this was nothing compared to the pressure of the psychological atmosphere. The incessant air-raids, the knowledge that the Russians were now in the city, nervous exhaustion, fear, and despair produced a tension bordering on hysteria, which was heightened by proximity to a man whose changes of mood were not only unpredictable but affected the lives of all those in the shelter.
Hitler had been living in the bunker for some time. Such sleep as he got in the last month appears to have been between eight and eleven o'clock in the morning. As soon as the mid-morning air attacks began, Hitler got up and dressed. He had a horror of being caught either lying down or undressed. 
Bullock (784-5)
Hitler: A Study in Tyranny
Location of the bunker through Google earth and video showing brief overview of the site
Map of the Reichchancellery with site of Führerbunker coloured in red.
1. Mittelbau mit Marmorgalerie 2. Eingang zur Reichskanzlei 3. Eingang zur Präsidialkanzlei 4.Kasernenbauten 5. Hebebühne zu den Katakomben 6. Gartenportal zu Hitlers Arbeitszimmer
7.Bauzufahrt zum Führerbunker 8. Zufahrt – Tiefgarage und Führerbunker
9. Einfahrt – Tiefgarage und Feuerwehr 10. Zufahrt Führerbunker
11. Haus Kempka 12. Gewächshaus 13. Ehrenhof 14. Festsaal mit Wintergarten 15. Alte Reichskanzlei
16. Speisesaal 17. Propagandaministerium 18. Erweiterungsbau zur Reichskanzlei
19. U Bahn Eingang Wilhelmplatz 20. Kaufhaus Wertheim 21. Leipziger Platz 22. Ministergärten
23. Tiergarten 24. Hermann Göring Strasse 25. Voss Strasse 26. Wilhelmstrasse
Schematic diagram of the Führerbunker. There were actually two bunkers that were connected together: the older Vorbunker and the newer Führerbunker. The latter was located over eight metres beneath the garden of the old Reich Chancellery building at Wilhelmstraße 77, about 120 metres north of the new Chancellery building, which had the address Voßstraße 6. The Vorbunker was located beneath the large hall behind the old Chancellery, which was connected to the new Chancellery. The Führerbunker was located somewhat lower than the Vorbunker and south-west of it. The two bunkers were connected via sets of stairs set at right angles.
1. Keller des Wintergartens 2. Keller des Festsaales 3. Kannenberggang 4. Aufenthaltsräume
5. Waschraum/ Duschen 6. Toiletten 7. Anrichtraum/ Küche 8. Wache 9. Maschinenraum
10.Alte Wache 11. Haupteingang 12. Notausgang 13. Warteraum 14. Sekretärin
15. Aufenthaltsraum – Wache 16. Treppenhaus zwischen Bunker und Führerwohnung
17. Gasschleuse 18. Aufenthaltsraum 19. Speiseraum
20. Betonverfüllung 21. erster Notausgang des Hauptbunkers 22. Abwasser/ Strom
23. Badezimmer 24. Privates Gästezimmer Adolf Hitlers 25. Vorraum Adolf Hitlers
26. Arbeitszimmer Adolf Hitlers 27. Schlafraum Adolf Hitlers 28. Kartenzimmer/ Lageraum
29. Warteraum/ Lagevorraum 30. Flur und Wartebereich 31. Fernschreiber/ Telefon
32. Sanitätsraum 33. Raum – Prof. Morell 34. Schlafraum 35. Personal
36. zweiter Notausgang des Hauptbunkers 37. Beobachtungsturm (im Bau) 38. Belüftungsturm (im Bau)
39. Lüftungsturm für Generator (im Bau) 40. Bunkerwände 41. Haus Kempka 42. Bunkerzufahrt
43. Pergola 44. Auswärtiges Amt 45. Führerwohnung 46. Lastenaufzug 47. Fundamente/ Alte Reichskanzlei

Vorbunker under the Reichskanzlei reception hall
Bavarian International School
My students at the site of Hitler's bunker near where his body was burned during our school trip in 2011. The sign you see was erected on June 8, 2006. One of Hitler's bodyguards, Rochus Misch, apparently one of the last people living who was in the bunker at the time of Hitler's suicide, was on hand for the ceremony. There is a children's playground now on the spot where Hitler's and Braun's bodies were burnt, immediately behind the bunker entrance. The ruins of both the old and new Chancellery buildings were levelled by the Soviets between 1945 and 1949 but the bunker largely survived, although some areas were partially flooded. In 1947 the Soviets tried to blow up the bunker but only the separation walls were damaged. In 1959 the East German government also tried to blast the bunker, apparently without much effect. Since it was near the Berlin Wall, the site was undeveloped and neglected until after reunification. During the construction of residential housing and other buildings on the site in 1988–89 several underground sections of the old bunker were uncovered by work crews and were for the most part destroyed. In May '95, the regional parliament of Berlin decided to lock up the remnants of the bunker and build houses for representatives from the Bundesländer on top of it, rejecting a proposal to retain it as a monument. The entrance and parts of the bunker have been destroyed, mostly by the Russians right after the end of the war, but there should be quite a bit left from the actual Führerbunker, which had been 15 metres underground and protected by metres of concrete.
The sofa on which Hitler and his wife committed suicide, with Americans examining the scene, the blood noticeable. According to the June 18, 1946 report of Colonel Osipov, this sofa
is stuffed, made out of pine and was covered with a white cloth, with drawings of clear and dark brown flowers. The cover is torn and it maintained itself only on the left side in contact with the wall, between Hitler's study and bedroom. ( ..... ) From the detailed examination of the sofa: on the superior face of the right arm are visible for a length of 28.5 centimetres numerous dark- brown and red-brown splashes and some brown tending to black stains. ( ....) There are also numerous spots of grey colour and of various forms noticeable, owing to the diffusion of fungous moulds. On the internal face of the arm are well visible for a length of 36 centimetres dry stripes of pale reddish-brown colour that run for almost its entire thickness. (.... ) The spot and the splashes on the sofa and the stripes on the walls have been noticed and examined for verifying their haematic content.

Re-enaction of the disposal of Hitler and Braun's bodies for the Soviet film Osvobozhdenie beside a photograph of site where Hitler and Braun's bodies were cremated from Victory in Europe: From D- day to V-E Day by Max Hastings. The final photo shows LIFE war correspondent Percy Knauth (left) sifting through dirt and debris in the shallow trench in the garden of the Reich Chancellery where the bodies of Hitler and Eva Braun are believed to have been burned after their suicides.

The garden entrance to Hitler's bunker in 1946 when the bunker was flooded, perhaps to prevent exploration underground, and as depicted in another re-enacting of the disposal of Hitler's body from Der Untergang
The same entrance on the right. The depression in the ground is where Hitler's body was supposedly cremated.

The site in 1988 before the construction work. That year it was decided to build a new great quarter in the historical area and to clean out from it all the rests of the second world war, including the Vorbunker and the Führerbunker. According to Pietro Guido, "the whole area was flattened, great excavations started for the foundations of the buildings and to discover the rests of the two bunkers and relative tunnels of connection." By June, the two bunkers were already unearthed and rose in their massive structures. The demolition of the bunkers had to happen without witnesses and the area was put under the police control. Once destroyed and covered in earth, the two bunkers had to dissolve from from the memory of Berliners and amateur historians. No information was provided to visitors; instead the ground had to be equipped with parking lots, flower-beds and playing-fields, new trees and pedestrian paths.
The bunker unearthed in 1988, from Pietro Guido's Führerbunker
The same position in summer of 2007 and 2011 with footage of the site. In 1964, Groucho Marx went to East Berlin with a group that included his radio show director Robert Dwan and his 16-year-old daughter Judith Dwan Hallet. They visited the village of Dornum, where his mother Minnie had been born. and discovered that all the Jewish graves there had been obliterated by the Nazis. Groucho then hired a car with a chauffeur, and told the driver to take the group to the bunker where Hitler was said to have committed suicide. Wearing his trademark beret he climbed the debris and then launched himself, unsmiling, into a frenetic Charleston dance routine. The dance on Hitler's supposed grave lasted a couple of minutes. "Nobody applauded," Hallet recalled. "Nobody laughed."

Photograph purporting to show Hitler's remains and the site where his body was cremated today
Stalin had been informed by Zhukov that Hitler had committed suicide on 30 April. His body and that of his new wife Eva Braun had been dug up in the garden, in the spot designated by Admiral Voss. As the Smersh soldiers were not certain that they had the right bodies, they reburied them, only finally exhuming them on 5 May, when together with the bodies of the Goebbels children, the chief of staff General Krebs and a couple of dogs, they were sent to their HQ at Berlin-Buch as important trophies. The autopsies were performed the next day. Contradictory evidence made the officers concerned reluctant to send in a final report on the cause of Hitler’s death. The Soviet authorities preferred the version that had him taking poison – a cowardly way out. Shooting oneself was a braver, more soldierly death.
When the Soviets’ Operation Myth was launched in 1946 to establish the real sequence of events leading to Hitler’s death, some of Hitler’s personal staff were brought back to Berlin and the bunker, in order to point out the precise details of the suicide and subsequent burning in the garden. The bones, for the time being, were stored in Magdeburg. Of particular importance were the objects in Hitler’s personal collection. For them an aircraft was laid on as Stalin wanted his bones examined by his foremost experts. The Führer’s skull was eventually put into a paper bag and deposited in the State Archives.
Giles MacDonogh (385) After the Reich
Footage of Hitler's last public appearance during the battle of Berlin on his birthday outside the bunker (commentary in English and Greek subtitles)

Hitler and his entourage emerged from the bunker for what would be his last moments above ground, breathing the fresh air of the country which his war was now subjecting to utter ruin and destruction. In the garden of the Reichschancellery, the Fuhrer reviewed the troops of the ϟϟ Frundsberg Division and a group of Hitler Youth. The beaming leader of the Hitlerjugend, Artur Axmann, presented the unit and singled out some of those present as having 'recently distinguished themselves at the front'. Those boy-soldiers were decorated by Hitler, and all received a handshake from Germany's 'saviour'. Though his speech was full of wooden optimism about the Soviets' imminent 'greatest defeat yet', he was clearly physically debilitated. 'Everyone was shocked at the Führer's appearance,' Axmann later remembered. 'He walked with a stoop. His hands trembled. But it was surprising how much will power and determination still radiated from this man.' Newsclips filmed by the Nazi authorities in fact reveal a man who appeared to be on the verge of collapse.
That afternoon, in the ruined Reich Chancellery garden, the Fiihrer worked his way slowly down a line of Hitler Youth, some of whom had received the Iron Cross for attacking Soviet tanks. Hitler could not present any medals himself. To prevent his left arm shaking too obviously, he walked gripping it behind his back with his right hand. For brief moments, he could afford to release it. With what looked like the intensity of the repressed paedophile, he lingered to cup a cheek and tweak an ear, unconscious of his leering smile.
The same scene recreated for the film "Der Untergang" (The Downfall). This scene concerns twelve year old Peter Kranz during the Battle of Berlin in April 1945 who then receives an iron cross from Hitler for taking out two Soviet tanks.

Outside Churchill's own 'bunker' in London with Churchill seeing the ruins of Hitler's for himself on July 16 1945 just before the Potsdam conference...
...and sitting in a damaged chair taken out from Hitler's bunker

War correspondents are shown are shown the grave where Hitler's charred body was alleged to be buried, Berlin 1945 – 2015 
Hitler's wax figure in a mock-up of the bunker at Madame Tussaud’s museum in Berlin.

Photographs by William Vandivert for Life:

Two of the twenty or so pages of notes that Vandivert typed up for LIFE's editors back in New York, describing not only the pictures that were taken on each roll of film, but also the mood and the atmosphere pervading his experience of examining Hitler's bunker and the Reich Chancellery grounds. (An example of Vandivert's terse, vivid notations: "... view of chancellery palace ... This is completely bombed, burned, and shelled to hell.")

A new view of a photograph that appeared, heavily cropped, in LIFE of Hitler's command centre in the bunker, partially burned by retreating German troops beside a photo almost too-perfectly symbolic of Berlin in the last weeks of April, 1945 -- features a crushed globe and a bust of Hitler lying amid rubble and debris outside the Reich Chancellery building. Of the last image, Vandivert's notes simply stated: "mouldy ϟϟ cap lying in water on floor of sitting room."
This first image not only captures the chaotic state of Hitler's bunker when Vandivert made his way there in 1945, but also features an item that recalls the wanton gangsterism and greed that characterized Nazi rule: a 16th-century painting looted from a museum in Milan. The last two show that the Russians themselves left little intact or unmolested, with the final photo showing Russian soldiers and an unidentified civilian struggling to move a large bronze Nazi Party eagle which once loomed over a doorway of the Reich Chancellery in Berlin. "They are loading this on to a truck," Vandivert typed in his notes, "to be carried away as a trophy."
Remains of the interior
East German colour video from circa 1988: STASI (East German Intelligence) cameramen enter the Führerbunker for the first (and the last) time since it was closed in 1945. This was filmed just before East German army men blew out the entrances to the place with high explosive to allow the building of a parking lot for nearby condominiums upon it.

Skull thought to be Hitler's is from woman

A piece of skull with a bullet hole through it that Russians claimed was Hitler's actually came from a woman, scientists at the University of Connecticut concluded. The cranium fragment is part of a collection of Hitler artefacts preserved by Soviet intelligence in the months after Hitler and Eva Braun reportedly committed suicide. The collection, now in the Russian State Archive in Moscow, also includes bloodstained pieces of the sofa where Hitler reportedly shot himself after taking a cyanide pill. The artefacts were put on public display in 2000. Nick Bellantoni said his initial forensic exam of the skull fragment showed it didn't match what he knew of Hitler's biology: "The bone was very small and thin, and normally male bones are much more robust in our species. I thought it probably came from a woman or a younger man." Bellantoni then took several pinhead-size pieces of the skull fragment and swabs of the blood stains back to the university for analysis.
Linda Strausbaugh, a professor of molecular and cell biology, determined that the DNA came from a 20- to 40-year-old woman. The skull fragment could have come from Braun, but to know that, the lab would need samples of her DNA. Also, the DNA samples were very degraded, making identification unlikely. Witnesses never reported Braun being shot in the head, Bellantoni said, and she is thought to have died of cyanide poisoning. "This person, with a bullet hole coming out the back of the head, would have been shot in the face, in the mouth or underneath the chin," he said. "It would have been hard for them to miss that."
DNA from the bloodstain swabs showed at least some of it came from a man, Strausbaugh said. "The DNA is relatively degraded and we don't have a full range of markers that we'd like to have," she said. "My gut feeling is he did commit suicide there, and maybe the blood sample we found is his," Bellantoni said.
"What this does is it raises a question: If this is not him who is it?" he later added. "And, two, what really happened there?

No doubts about the remains of Goebbels...

On the evening of 1 May, after giving poison to his children, Goebbels shot his wife and himself in the Chancellery Garden. The bodies were set fire to by Goebbels's adjutant, but the job was badly done, and the charred remains were found next day by the Russians. After Goebbels's death the Fiihrerbunker was set on fire.
The Russians found the splinters of a poison phial in the right side of Dr Goebbels’ jaw. Magda too had swallowed poison. Like Hitler, he had probably also shot himself. Schwägermann certainly heard one shot—others heard two; on Schwägermann’s orders Ochs fired two coups de grace into the motionless bodies. The S.S. officers made only cursory attempts to burn the remains. A Walther pistol was found near them a few days later when the Russians tipped the two corpses onto a red and gold door ripped out of the chancellery building. The corpses were loaded onto a truck and driven away. There was one feature about the little doctor, even in death, that caught the Soviet pathologist’s attention. His fists were raised, as though spoiling for a fight. Perhaps, somewhere, for Dr Joseph Goebbels the dialectical battle was already beginning anew.
Irving (934) Goebbels: Mastermind of the Third Reich
Hitler and Goebbels sharing a meal in the bunker with re-enactment of the Goebbels' suicide from Der Untergang.

Site of Hitler's Chancellery 

In 1938,  Hitler assigned Albert Speer to build the New Reich Chancellery, to be completed that year, stating that Bismarck's Old Chancellery was "fit for a soap company," not as headquarters of a Greater German Reich. Hitler demanded grand halls and salons which "will make an impression on people" and gave Speer a blank cheque - the cost of the project was immaterial - and over 4,000 workers toiled in shifts, so the work could be accomplished round-the-clock. The immense construction was "finished" 48 hours ahead of schedule, and earned Speer a reputation as a good organiser, which, with Hitler's fondness for Speer, led him to become Armaments Minister and director of forced labour during the war. Interior fittings dragged on well into the war, and in the end it cost over 90 Million Reichsmarks, (well over one billion US dollars today), and hosted the ministries of the Reich.  
Postcard from just after the war, and from our 2011 school trip

Erich Merker's 1940 painting of the building of the Reichschancellery and the actual construction drawing from two years earlier.
video video
Films about the Reich Chancellery
Front and back cover with some images below
Schematic plans of the New Reichschancellery

The view from the subway station into Vossstrasse. On the right, the Borsig Palace with the Reichskanzlei behind it. The photo on the right from 1946 is looking down Wilhelmstrasse towards the corner of Vosstrasse from Hitler's balcony on the Reichskanzlei. The right shows the entrance to the courtyard.
 The same view today, taken summer 2007.
video video
German newsreels showing crowds greeting Hitler in the entrance to the courtyard of the Old Reich Chancellery on his 50th birthday on April 20th, 1939 and, on the right, crowds saluting Hitler on the Chancellery balcony after his triumphant return by train from France, July 6, 1940. Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring stands beside him.
The main entrance to one of the wings of the Reich Chancellery building. The building was heavily damaged during World War II with the remnants being destroyed not long after the war.
Left: The garden courtyard with the cafeteria visible on the right.
Right:The interior of the dining hall.
 The main entrance to the Reichschancellery by night.
Left: The arched hallway running in front of the dining hall.
Right: A small courtyard inside the chancellery.
Virtual Tour of Hitler's Headquarters
The pictures below are based on over 800 photographs and documents from public and private archives in Berlin displaying a perfectly accurate rendering of much of the architecture, along with some interiors, of the Third Reich. Over 2 million objects -- including fallen tree branches in the courtyards, swastika-bedecked chairs in the dining room, books, pipes, papers -- and 600 buildings are presented with stunning visual clarity. The creator, Christoph Neubauer, used the original architectural plans and compared them with photographs made by the East German secret police, the Stasi, in the 1970s. Meticulously overlaying the various plans and studying the corresponding photographs enabled Neubauer to create a digital 3D image of how the bunker would have looked although he "had to guess on the colours." Most previous presentations of Hitler's lair, Neubauer says, seem "frighteningly superficial." The proportions are wrong, the ceiling height is off, the doors and airlocks falsely positioned. In the film "Downfall," the Führer and his henchmen are seen to be living in a dank, dark cavern with concrete walls, water seeping through the floors and surrounded by poor lighting, an image widely believed "not because it is true, but because that is how Germans want to continue to imagine Hitler's end. I understand the need to do that, but it's not how things looked."
The Reich Cabinet Meeting Room: The Reich cabinet meeting room was renovated between 1875-1878 by Wilhelm Neumann on behalf of Bismarck and looked as seen here until its destruction in 1944. The only novelty was the 1934-1935 implement refurbishment by Paul Ludwig Troost.
Left: The Exit Of The Vorbunker: The exit of the Vorbunker was located opposite the elevator. It is likely that this exit was used as a second entrance to the Vorbunker. While the residents of the Old Reich Chancellery used the main entrance to the Vorbunker, at the same time the residents of northern extension could enter the Vorbunker through the air lock of this bunker exit. Centre: The Engine Room: The technical heart of the Vorbunker. The generator was able to provide power for the bunker even during a power failure. Left in the picture shown are the 4 air filters of the bunker filter system. Only after filtering the air through these filters, it was then possible to distribute the air through the ventilation openings into the rooms of the bunker. Right: Reception Hall and Vorbunker / Cut: The air raid shelter and the reception hall were designed to form a static symbiosis. The shelter, with its thick concrete ceiling, formed a solid foundation for the marble columns in the reception hall. These columns reached 50 cm downward through the air cushion beneath the reception hall floor, resting directly on the bunker ceiling. The placement of the pillars was also determined by the layout of the shelter. Each pillar was placed squarely on top of an intersection between two bunker walls. The extra pressure bearing down on these intersections added strength and stability to the air raid shelter.
Left: The Basement Of The Reception Hall: The basement rooms were connected by passages on the eastern and western sides of the shelter. These could be used as escape routes, should it become necessary to evacuate the bunker in an emergency. The rooms and passages that surrounded the shelter also had another function. They created a space between the exterior walls of the building, and the bunker itself. This offered additional protection, as bombs which hit the construction from the side would explode in this space, before reaching the air raid shelter itself. Centre: The Staircase To The Basement Of The Reception Hall: East of the winter garden was the staircase, which linked the basement of the reception hall directly to the “Fuehrer's Apartment”. The entire northern part of the Old Reich Chancellery was called “Fuehrer's Apartment”, including the dining room and the winter garden. Directly opposite the staircase was the main entrance to the Vorbunker. Right: The Emergency Exit Of The Vorbunker: In the western area of the basement, one can recognise the air cushion of the reception hall above. On the right is the western outer wall of the bunker recognisable on which stood the western pillars of the reception hall. The garden façade of the reception hall rested on the basement wall to the left. This picture shows the emergency exit of Vorbunker fenced by a railing. This exit was only used as an emergency and it remained closed at all times.
The last photographs of Hitler alive as he inspects the damage made to the Chancellery. Beside him stands his personal adjutant Julius Schaub. The photograph was taken by the same photographer who took the one of Hitler inspecting the Hitlerjugend in the Reichschancellery garden on April 20, 1945. The latter photo shown re-enacted to form the basis of promotional poster for Der Untergang.

The ruins of the Reich Chancellery where Hitler's and Eva Braun's bodies were cremated.
 Recreation of Speer surveying the remains of his work and final battle outside the chancellery in Der Untergang 
July 9, 1941 and July 12, 1946
The Reich Chancellery was almost bare. Paintings, tapestries and furniture had been removed. There were huge cracks in the ceilings, smashed windows were boarded up and plywood partitions concealed the worst of the bomb damage. (94)
[On Hitler's last birthday] Goring, Ribbentrop, Donitz, Himmler, Kaltenbrunner, Speer, Keitel, Jodl and Krebs were driven to the Reich Chancellery before noon. There, they trooped through the huge rooms faced in polished marble, with doors almost to the ceiling. This quasi-cinematic monument to conspicuous power now looked tawdry in its half-wrecked state, yet it remained deeply sinister.

The red granite flooring was being removed by the soviets to built their war memorial in Treptower Park.
The garden portal in 1939 showing one of the twin "Walking Horses" by Josef Thorak, upon which Hitler gazed from the offices of his New Chancellery building, and now, just rediscovered.
The site then and in the aftermath of the war. The monumental horse sculptures and granite reliefs by sculptors Josef Thorak and Arno Breker were lost the year the Berlin Wall fell have now been found, police said in a statement. German police in May 2015  said they had found the long-lost masterpieces, commissioned by the Third Reich, in a warehouse after staging 10 raids in five states targeting eight suspected members, aged 64 to 79, of a ring of illegal art dealers. Bild newspaper reported that the illicit art dealers had in recent years asked for up to four million euros on the black market for the works, which have survived a turbulent odyssey. As Word War II turned against Nazi Germany and bombs hailed down on Berlin, the sculptures were evacuated to a town east of the capital which in 1945 was occupied by victorious Russian forces.   The horses resurfaced around 1950 on the sports grounds of a Red Army barracks in the nearby town of Eberswalde in what was then the communist German Democratic Republic (DDR). There they would stay for some 38 years, and time took its toll. Bild reported that the horses were painted over in gold, damaged by bullets and had their tails broken and inexpertly reaffixed. Sometimes children played on them.   Decades on, an art historian discovered the horses and wrote a newspaper article about them, published in early 1989.    Within weeks, they were gone -- likely sold off by the DDR regime, which was then in its final throes and in desperate need of hard cash.   The "Walking Horses", having vanished for a quarter century, were found Wednesday May 20 in a warehouse in Bad Duerkheim, in the western state of  Rhineland-Palatinate.  The Bild report said that, while they will now likely become the property of the German state, it was also possible that descendants of their creator Thorak could launch a legal claim for them. 
The site immediately after the war and the same view summer, 2007- a row of flats.

The entrance courtyard and main entrance to Hitler's Reich's Chancellery. The building was meant to intimidate foreign guests with the entrance flanked by Arno Breker’s two monumental figures he had titled Torch Bearer and Sword Bearer. As the denazification officials noted after the war in the artist's favour, the sculptures were renamed by Hitler after their submission, becoming known as The Party and Wehrmacht, respectively, thereby giving them a political meaning that the artist had not intended. In any event, Alfred Rosenberg thought that his “monumental figures [were] a representation of the ‘force and willpower’ of the age.” Robert Scholz thought they "stood at the beginning of a new politically determined epoch, because it could embody most immediately the intended rejuvenation of the world. . . . Arno Breker’s sculptural works are symbols of the dignity and creative drive that is at the basis of the political idea of National Socialism.” In addition to the heroic statues for the New Reich Chancellery, forty-two of his works appeared in the eight Great German Art Exhibitions (GDK) held annually in Munich, where the regime exhibited officially sanctioned art.
 His works, according to a later critic, “glorified the racial struggle, they were symbolic stone piles of Aryan beliefs.” They were “a beatification of ‘militarism’ and ‘racial soundness’ based on the struggle against and even liquidation of all things not beautiful.” Another scholar noted, “While it was the function of cartoonists to circulate a negative picture of ‘inferior’ races, the art of Breker and Thorak provided, perfected and emphasized a positive image of a Nordic super-race within a scheme of classicizing representation. Stürmer-caricature and Breker sculpture cannot be separated from one another. They were both equally and simultaneously promoted because they endorsed and illustrated racist policy.” Jost Hermand took this idea to its conclusion, observing, “National Socialist art is thus not unproblematically ‘beautiful,’ not merely devoted to perfect forms and empty content; it is also eminently brutal, an art based on convictions which, when realized, literally left corpses in their wake.”
Petropoulos (225) The Faustian Bargain
 The two statues, with me standing beside  Sword Bearer now in a different location
Fritz Todt's funeral in February, 1942

Before and after the war
More images of the destruction from Savelii Vasilevich IAmshchikov's book Vozvratu Ne Podlezhit!: Trofei Vtoroi Mirovoi

Mohrenstrasse Underground station

Mohrenstrasse underground station with the Reichschancellery in the background during the war and in the summer of 2007, looking towards the opposite direction with an attempt to Photoshop the site with me today and at the turn of the century.
The original station designed by Alfred Grenander opened on 1 October 1908 on the new branch from Potsdamer Platz to Spittelmarkt. It was then called Kaiserhof after a nearby grand hotel on the Wilhelmplatz square. It was rebuilt in the course of the 1936 Summer Olympics and severely damaged in World War II.
When East Berlin fell under communist administration after the Second World War, the Wilhelmplatz square as well as the station were renamed on 18 August 1950 to Thälmannplatz, after the communist leader Ernst Thälmann. With the erection of the Berlin Wall from 13 August 1961, the line ceased to run between East and West Berlin and the station became the terminus of the line in East Berlin. As in the 1980s the square was overbuilt by a housing estate and the Czechoslovak embassy, the station on 15 April 1986 was renamed Otto-Grotewohl-Straße, the name of the Wilhelmstraße at that time, after the politician Otto Grotewohl. On 3 October 1991, following German reunification, the station was renamed Mohrenstraße. The line was reconnected on 13 November 1993 and simultaneously reconfigured, forming a new U2 line between Vinetastraße in the east and Ruhleben in the west.

The red marble inside comes directly from the Mosaics Hall in the Reich Chancellery courtesy of the Red Army
Now, after the destruction caused by the Anglo-American air-raids, the cannon shots of the Russians and the subsequent demolition and removal of the rest during the immediate post-war years, only the marble used for restructuring the subway station "Mohrenstrasse" remain as a witness to pretensions of the Chancellery. These residual plates of marble, together with the few lamp-posts still working not far away, are the only remains of the vision dreamt, projected and realised by Albert Speer and his patron Adolf Hitler.